Emerging Technologies - Computer Technology

  • The Turing Machine

    The Turing Machine
    Alan Turing presents the notion of a universal machine, later called the Turing machine, capable of computing anything that is computable. The central concept of the modern computer was based on Alan Turing's ideas.
  • Attempt to build the first computer

    Attempt to build the first computer
    In 1973 a man named J.V. Atanasoff, a professor of physics and mathematics, attempts to build the first computer without gears, cams, belts or shafts.
  • Computer design that can solve 29 equations simultaneously

    Computer design that can solve 29 equations simultaneously
    J.V. Atanasoff and his graduate student, Clifford Berry had designed a computer that can solve 29 equations simultaneously. This year marks the first time a computer is able to store information on its main memory.
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    Creation of the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator

    Two University professors of Pennsylvania, John Mauchly and J.Presper Eckert had built the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator or the ENIAC for short. This creation is considered as the grandfather of digital computers which fills a 20-foot by 40-foot room and has 18,000 vacuum tubes.
  • The UNIVAC, the first commercial business and government applications

    The UNIVAC, the first commercial business and government applications
    Mauchly and Presper leave the University of Pennsylvania and receive funding from the Census Bureau to build the UNIVAC, the first commercial computer for business and government applications.
  • Invention of the transistor

    Invention of the transistor
    William Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Brattain of Bell Laboratories invent the transistor. They discovered how to make an electric switch with solid materials and no need for a vacuum.
  • Development of the first computer language - COBOL

    Development of the first computer language - COBOL
    Grace Hopper develops the the first computer language, which eventually becomes known as COBOL. Thomas Johnson Watson Jr., son of IBM CEO, conceives the IBM 701 EDPM to help the United Nations keep tabs on Korea during the war.
  • FORTRAN programming langauge

    FORTRAN programming langauge
    The FORTRAN programming language is born
  • Unveiling of the integrated circuit.

    Unveiling of the integrated circuit.
    Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce unveil the integrated circuit, known as the computer chip. Kilby was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2000 for his work.
  • The prototype of the modern computer

    The prototype of the modern computer
    Douglas Engelbart shows a prototype of the modern computer, with a mouse and a graphical user interface (GUI). This marks the evolution of the computer from a specialised machine for scientists and mathematicians to technology that is more accessible to the general public.
  • The Dynamic Access Memory chip

    The Dynamic Access Memory chip
    The newly formed Intel unveils the Intel 1103, the first Dynamic Access Memory (DRAM) chip.
  • The floppy disk

    The floppy disk
    Alan Shugart leads a team of IBM engineers who invent the “floppy disk,” allowing data to be shared among computers.
  • Development of the Ethernet'

    Development of the Ethernet'
    Robert Metcalfe, a member of the research staff for Xerox, develops Ethernet for connecting multiple computers and other hardware.
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    Personal Computers hitting the market

    A number of personal computers hit the market, including Scelbi & Mark-8 Altair, IBM 5100, RadioShack’s TRS-80 —affectionately known as the “Trash 80” — and the Commodore PET.
  • Paul Allen and Bill Gates

    Paul Allen and Bill Gates
    The January issue of Popular Electronics magazine features the Altair 8080, described as the "world's first minicomputer kit to rival commercial models. Paul Allen and Bill Gates, offer to write the software for the Altair, using the BASIC programming language. After their success, the two form their own software company, Microsoft.
  • Apple Computers

    Apple Computers
    Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak start Apple Computers on April Fool's Day. The two release the Apple I, the first computer with a single-circuit board.
  • The Apple II

    The Apple II
    Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak incorporate Apple and present the Apple II at the first West Coast Computer Faire. The Apple II offers colour graphics and incorporates an audio cassette drive for storage.
  • The first IBM personal computer

    The first IBM personal computer
    The first IBM personal computer is introduced. It uses Microsoft's MS-DOS operating system. It has an intel chip, two floppy disks and an optional colour monitor. This new computer popularises the term PC.
  • Apples first personal computer with a GUI.

    Apples first personal computer with a GUI.
    Apple's Lisa is the first personal computer with a GUI. This PC features a drop-down menu and icons. The Lisa flops and eventually evolves into the name we know now as Macintosh.
  • Microsoft announces Windows.

    Microsoft announces Windows.
    After Apple's release of the Lisa, Microsoft responds with announcing Windows. Commodore unveils the Amiga 1000, a computer which features advanced audio and video capabilities.
  • The formal beginning of Internet history.

    The formal beginning of Internet history.
    The first dot-com domain name is registered. A small company in Massachusetts named Symbolics Computer Company, registers Symbolics.com. Since then, two years later, only 100 dot-coms had been registered
  • Development of HyperText Markup Language (HTML)

    Development of HyperText Markup Language (HTML)
    Tim Berners-Lee, a researcher gives rise to the World Wide Web after the developing HyperText Markup Language, also well known as HTML.
  • PCs become gaming machines.

    PCs become gaming machines.
    "Command & Conquer", "Alone in the Dark 2", "Theme Park", "Magic Carpet", "Descent" and "Little Big Adventure". Naming a few are among the top games to hit the market during this time.
  • The creation of Google

    The creation of Google
    Sergey Brin and Larry Page develop the Google search engine at Stanford University.
  • Microsoft invests $150 million in Apple.

    Microsoft invests $150 million in Apple.
    During this time, Apple had been struggling. This investment ended Apple's court case against Microsoft who had been alleged to copying the "look and feel" of its operating system.
  • Wi-Fi becomes a part of the computing language

    Wi-Fi becomes a part of the computing language
    The term Wi-Fi becomes part of the computing language, as users begin to connect to the Internet without the use of wires.
  • The unveiling of the Mac OS x operating system.

    The unveiling of the Mac OS x operating system.
    This apple development of the operating system provides protected memory architecture and pre-emptive multi-tasking. As this release shakes the world, Microsoft rolls out with Windows XP which has a significant redesigned GUI.
  • First 64-bit processor

    First 64-bit processor
    The first 64-bit processor, AMD's Athlon 64 becomes available to the consumer market.
  • Mozilla vs Microsoft Internet Explorer

    Mozilla vs Microsoft Internet Explorer
    Mozilla Firefox challenges Microsoft's Internet Explorer, as the dominant Web browsers. Also, a social networking site, Facebook is launched.
  • Creation of Youtube

    Creation of Youtube
    Youtube, a video sharing service, is founded. Google acquires Android, a Linux-based mobile phone operating system.
  • Macbook Pro is introduced.

    Macbook Pro is introduced.
    The first Intel-based, dual-core mobile computer known as the Macbook Pro is introduced by Apple. Nintendo's Wii game console also hits the market.
  • The iPhone.

    The iPhone.
    The iPhone release by Apple brings many computer functions to the smartphone
  • Windows 7 and Microsoft

    Windows 7 and Microsoft
    Microsoft launches Windows 7. This new operating system offers the ability to pin applications to the taskbar and advances in touch and handwriting recognition. Other features are also introduced.