The History and Future of Computing

By Grain
  • Pascaline

    Pascaline
    Pascaline--a mechanical calculator built by Blaise Pascal, a 17th century mathematician, for whom the Pascal computer programming language was named .
  • Jaquard Loom

    Jaquard Loom
    Jacquard loom - a loom programmed with punched cards invented by Joseph Marie Jacquard.
  • Period: to

    The History and Future of Computing

  • Software + Programming - Charles Babbage and Ada Lovelace

    Software + Programming - Charles Babbage and Ada Lovelace
    Charles Babbage designed the Anaytical Engine which though not built in his time was the forerunner of the modern computer. It was a mechanical device that would take instructions from a program instead of being designed to do only one task In 1842 Ada Augusta, Countess of Lovelace, released a translation of “Sketch of the Analytical Engine” with extensive commentary of her own.
  • Boolean Algebra

    Boolean Algebra
    George Boole develops symbolic and logical reasoning. He publishes “An Investigation of the Laws of Thought”.which contributes to the foundations of computational thinking.
  • The Hollerith machine

    The Hollerith machine
    The Hollerith machine, an electric tabulator developed by Herman Hollerith, calculates the census in one year, a job that previously took eight years.
  • El Ajedrecista (English: The Chess Player)

    El Ajedrecista (English: The Chess Player)
    Considered the first computer game in history, 100 years old! With an electromagnet system under the board, it was able to give checkmate to a king guided by a human with a king and a rook guided by the machine.
  • Television Electronic was invented by Philo Farnsworth

    Television Electronic was invented by  Philo Farnsworth
  • Turing Machine

    Turing Machine
    Alan Turing wrote his paper “On computable numbers, with an application to the Entscheidungsproblem”, where he first describes Turing Machines. This mathematical construct showed the strengths - and fundamental limitations - of computer software. For example, it showed that there were some kinds of problems that could not be solved.
  • Bletchley Park the home of the computer

    Bletchley Park the home of the computer
    The Government Code and Cypher School was established at Bletchley Park, starting work in 1939. Here Alan Turing and Tommy Flowers developed machines to decode German signals which were early versions of modern computers: the Bombe and Colossus.
  • Hypertext

    Hypertext
    Hypertext was first described in Vannevar Bush’s “As we may think”. He envisioned a memex system for global resource retrieval.The term hypertext was coined by Ted Nelson in 1965.
  • The Baby

    The Baby
    Also known as Small Scale Experimental Machine (SSEM). The first computer with the components of a modern computer. Soon after, Mark 1 would come,
  • Manchester Mark 1 Computer

    Manchester Mark 1 Computer
    The concept of storing a program in the same memory as data was described by John von Neumann. Alan Turing went further in showing that computers could be used for the logical manipulation of symbols of any kind. The approach was first implemented (in a race) by the prototype Mark I computer at Manchester in 1948.
  • UNIVAC

    UNIVAC
    First commercial computer. First units sold to big companies and the US government.
  • ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange)

    ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange)
    A character-encoding scheme based on the English alphabet, created under the mandate of the American Standards Association. Computers were then able to represent text on screens. Most character codes are now based on ASCII.
  • Shakey the Robot

    Shakey the Robot
    The Stanford Research Institute creates Shakey, the first mobile robot that can reason about its surroundings. While other robots would have to be instructed on each individual step of completing a larger task, Shakey could analyze the command and break it down into basic chunks by itself. It was the first project that melded logical reasoning and physical action.
  • IBM creates the first floppy disk

    IBM creates the first floppy disk
  • ARPANET

    ARPANET
    Arpanet, the first computer network, designed by BBN Technologies for the Defense Department's Advanced Research Projects Agency, goes into service. The first message on the Arpanet was sent by a student programmer at U.C.L.A. at 10:30 p.m, on Oct. 29.
  • E-mail: E-mail was invented by Ray Tomlinson

    E-mail: E-mail was invented by  Ray Tomlinson
  • The First Microprocessor - Intel 4004

    The First Microprocessor - Intel 4004
    Intel produces the first microprocessor, the 4004, which became the first general-purpose programmable processor on the market—a "building block" that engineers could purchase and then customize with software to perform different functions in a wide variety of electronic devices.
  • Atari's founder, Nolan Bushnell invented the first popular arcade video game widely recognised as Pong

    Atari's founder, Nolan Bushnell invented the first popular arcade video game widely recognised as Pong
  • Apple Computer’s Apple II, the first personal computer with color graphics, is demonstrated

    Apple Computer’s Apple II, the first personal computer with color graphics, is demonstrated
  • The Connection Machine

    The Connection Machine
    Thinking Machines introduces the Connection Machine, a supercomputer that uses parallel computing and attempts to mimic the structure of the human brain.
  • World Wide Web built by Tim Berners-Lee

    World Wide Web built by Tim Berners-Lee
  • IBM machine Deep Blue won the second six-game match against world champion Garry Kasparov

    IBM machine Deep Blue won the second six-game match against world champion Garry Kasparov
  • Emotional Robots

    Emotional Robots
    Cynthia Breazeal publishes a dissertation on social machines at M.I.T., describing Kismet, a robot capable of expressing emotions.
  • China's Supercomputer

    China's Supercomputer
    Tianhe-1 was developed by the Chinese National University of Defense Technology (NUDT) in Changsha, Hunan. It was first revealed to the public on 29 October 2009, and was immediately ranked as the world's fifth fastest supercomputer in the TOP500 list released at the 2009 Supercomputing Conference (SC09) held in Portland, Oregon, on 16 November 2009. Tianhe achieved a speed of 563 teraflops in its first Top 500 test and had a peak performance of 1.2 petaflops.
  • 1 Petabit memory chip

    1 Petabit memory chip
  • Nanorobotics

    Nanorobotics
    Nanorobotics is the emerging technology field creating machines or robots whose components are at or close to the scale of a nanometer. Nanomachines are largely in the research-and-development phase, but some primitive molecular machines have been tested.The first useful applications of nanomachines might be in medical technology, which could be used to identify and destroy cancer cells.
  • Quantum Computers

    Quantum Computers
    The field of quantum computing was first introduced by Richard Feynman in 1982.Although it is still in its infancy, experiments have been carried out in which quantum computational operations were executed on a very small number of qubits (quantum bits). Both practical and theoretical research continues, and many national government and military funding agencies support quantum computing research to develop quantum computers for both civilian and national security purposes, such as cryptanalysis
  • Autonomous robot soldiers

    Autonomous robot soldiers
  • Technological Singularity

    Technological Singularity
    The technological singularity is the theoretical emergence of greater-than-human superintelligence through technological means.The term was popularized by science fiction writer Vernor Vinge, who argues that artificial intelligence, human biological enhancement, or brain-computer interfaces could be possible causes of the singularity.
  • Computer will have capacity of the human mind

    Computer will have capacity of the human mind