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History of Computers

  • Hideo Yamachito

    Hideo Yamachito
    The first electronic computer is created in Japan by Hideo Yamachito.

    The UNIVAC I (UNIVersal Automatic Computer I) was the first commercial computer produced in the United States. It was designed by J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly, the inventors of the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer 1946).
  • IBM 701 EDPM Computer

    IBM 701 EDPM Computer
    Announced on April 29, 1952, the IBM 701 was IBM’s first commercial scientific computer.The 701's invention was due in part to the Korean War effort. Inventor, Thomas Johnson Watson Junior wanted to contribute the 701 to help in the United Nations' policing of Korea. Starting in 1953, only nineteen 701s were manufactured (the machine could be rented for $15,000 per month).

    FORTRAN or formula translation was the first high level programming language (software) invented by John Backus for IBM in 1954, and released commercially in 1957.
  • EMRA and MICR

    EMRA and MICR
    Stanford research institute, bank of America, and general electric introduced EMRA and MICR. This was the first computer used by the bank industry for their check reading.
  • Spacewar!

    In 1962, Steve Russell invented SpaceWar!. Spacewar! was the first game intended for computer use. Russell used a MIT PDP-1 mainframe computer to design his game.
  • Computer Mouse

    Computer Mouse
    In 1964, a full-scale working model of the computer mouse was developed and used with a Graphical User Interface (GUI). It was a shell made of wood with two metal wheels. Douglas Engelbart, the inventor, mentioned it as an "X-Y position indicator for a display system." It was simply named 'mouse', as the wire that was connected behind, was similar to the tail of a mouse. The name stuck and till today it is known as a 'mouse."

    The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network, was the world's first operational packet switching network and the core network of a set that came to compose the global Internet. The network was funded by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency of the United States Department of Defense for use by its projects at universities and research laboratories in the US. The packet switching of the ARPANET was based on designs by Lawrence Roberts of the Lincoln Laboratory.
  • Intel 1103 Computer Memory

    Intel 1103 Computer Memory
    Created in 1970, by Robert Dennar, the newly formed Intel company publicly released the 1103, the first DRAM chip, and by 1972 it was the bestselling semiconductor memory chip in the world.
  • Floppy Disk

    Floppy Disk
    A floppy disk is a data storage medium that is composed of a disk of thin, flexible ("floppy") magnetic storage medium sealed in a square or rectangular plastic carrier lined with fabric that removes dust particles. It was invented by Alan Shugart & IBM in 1971.
  • Intel 4004 Computer Microprocessor

    Intel 4004 Computer Microprocessor
    Intel publicly introduced the world's first single chip microprocessor, the Intel 4004, invented by Intel engineers Federico Faggin, Ted Hoff, and Stan Mazor. he Intel 4004 chip took the integrated circuit down one step further by placing all the parts that made a computer think on one small chip.
  • The Ethernet Computer Networking

    The Ethernet Computer Networking
    Invented by Robert Metcalfe in 1973, the ethernet is a system for connecting computers within a building using hardware running from machine to machine. It differs from the Internet, which connects computers by a telephone line. Metcalfe was asked to build a networking system for PARC's computers. Xerox's motivation for the computer network was that they were also building the world's first laser printer and wanted all of the PARC's computers to be able to print with this printer.
  • Scelbi

    In the March, 1974, issue of QST magazine there appeared the first advertisement for a "personal computer." It was called the Scelbi (SCientific, ELectronic and BIological) and designed by the Scelbi Computer Consulting Company of Milford, Connecticut. The Scelbi was one of the first consumer computers availiable to the public.
  • Mark-8 Altair

    Mark-8 Altair
    The July issue of Radio Electronics magazine published an article on building a Mark-8 microcomputer, information the general public was hungry for. It was to become the microprocessor inside the very successful Altair computer.
  • IBM 5100

    IBM 5100
    The IBM 5100 was released in 1975 after two years of development. The 5100 was IBM's first portable computer and considered an entry level system, but its $10,000 price tag put it out of range from consumors who bought the altair.
  • Apple 1

    Apple 1
    On April Fool's Day, 1976, Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs released the Apple I computer and started Apple Computers. The Apple I was the first single circuit board computer.
  • Apple 2

    Apple 2
    In 1977, Apple Computers was incorporated and the Apple II computer model was released. The Apple II was also based on the 6502 processor, but it had color graphics (a first for a personal computer), and used an audio cassette drive for storage. Its original configuration came with 4 kb of RAM, but a year later this was increased to 48 kb of RAM and the cassette drive was replaced by a floppy disk drive.
  • WordStar Software

    WordStar Software
    WordStar, invented by Seymour Rubenstein & Rob Barnaby, was the first commercially successful word processing software program produced for microcomputers and the best selling software program of the early eighties. This allowed people to manipulate computer generated text dataand create, edit, store, retrieve and print a document.
  • The IBM PC

    The IBM PC
    In 1980, IBM met with Bill Gates to talk about writing an operating system for IBM's new "personal" computer. But, they eventually decided to stick with making their own computer line and developed a brand new operating system to go with. Twelve engineers, led by William C. Lowe, came together to design and build the new computer. On August 12, 1981, IBM released their new computer, re-named the IBM PC. The "PC" stood for "personal computer" making IBM responsible for popularizing the term "PC".
  • The Cray XMP

    The Cray XMP
    The Cray XMP, created by Cray Research in 1982, almost doubled the operating speed of competing machines with a parallel processing system that ran at 420 million megaflops. Arranging two Crays to work together on different parts of the same problem gained a faster speed.
  • Compaq Computer Corp.

    Compaq Computer Corp.
    Compaq Computer Corp. introduced first PC clone that used the same software as the IBM PC. With the success of the clone, Compaq recorded first-year sales of $111 million, the most ever by an American business in a single year.
  • Apple Lisa

    Apple Lisa
    Apple introduced its Lisa. The first personal computer with a graphical user border, its development was central in the move to systems for personal computers. The Lisa´s price of 10,000 led to its failure.
  • The Apple Macintosh

    The Apple Macintosh
    The more affordable home computer with a GUI.
  • Paul Brainard

    Paul Brainard
    Paul Brainard introduces Pagemaker for the Macintosh creating the desktop publishing field.
  • Nintendo

    The Nintendo Entertainment System makes its debut.
  • Microsoft Windows

    Microsoft Windows
    Microsoft begins the friendly war with Apple.
  • Microsoft Works

    Microsoft Works
    an office program that had a word processor, spreadsheet, database and other office applications. This was Microsoft's first CD-ROM product.
  • Perl

    Perl is a high-level, general-purpose, interpreted, dynamic programming language. Perl was originally developed by Larry Wall in 1987
  • The Internet, World Wide Web & Tim Berners-Lee

    The Internet, World Wide Web & Tim Berners-Lee
    Tim Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau propose a 'hypertext' system starting the modern Internet.
  • The World Wide Web

    The World Wide Web
    The World Wide Web is launched to the public on August 6, 1991.
  • Yahoo

    Yahoo! was founded by Jerry Yang and David Filo in January 1994 and was incorporated on March 1, 1995. It is best known for its web portal, search engine, Yahoo! Directory, Yahoo! Mail, Yahoo! News, advertising, online mapping, video sharing, and social media websites and services.
  • Java

    is a programming language created by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems and released in 1995 as a omponent of Sun Microsystems' Java platform.
  • Amazon.com

    Jeff Bezos founded Amazon.com, Inc. in 1994 and the site went online in 1995. The company was originally named Cadabra, Inc. Amazon.com started as an online bookstore, but soon broadened by selling DVDs, CDs, MP3 downloads, computer software, video games, electronics, apparel, furniture, food, and toys.
  • Ebay.com

    Ebay is an online auction and shopping website in which people and businesses buy and sell a broad variety of goods and services worldwide.
  • PayPal

    A business allowing payments and money transfers to be made through the Internet. Founded by Peter Thiel and Max Levchin in 1998.
  • Google

    Google Inc. is a multinational corporation invested in Internet search, cloud computing, and advertising technologies. Google hosts and develops Internet-based services and products, and makes profit from advertising through its AdWords program.The company was founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, a.k.a. the "Google Guys",while the two were going to Stanford for thier PhD.
  • Wikipedia.org

    Wikipedia is founded
  • McAfee

    McAfee releases first handheld virus protection software.
  • The IPod

    The IPod
    a media player and uploadable file exernal drive.
  • The Xbox

    The Xbox
    The Xbox is a video game console created by Microsoft. It was released on November 15, 2001 and is they made the Xbox 360 in its footsteps. It was Microsoft's first attempt into the gaming console market, and competed with Sony's PlayStation 2, Sega's Dreamcast, and Nintendo's GameCube.
  • iTunes

    Apple opens the iTunes store. A software-based online digital media store.
  • Myspace

    A social networking website.
  • Facebook

    Mark Zuckerberg launches Thefacebook, which later becomes Facebook
  • Youtube

    is a video-sharing website, created by three former PayPal employees in February of 2005, on which users can upload, share and view videos.
  • Twitter

    is an online social networking and microblogging service that lets its users to send and read text-based posts a.k.a "tweets."
  • Playstation 3

    Playstation 3
    Gaming counsel that allows you to watch blu-ray movies amd does not allow you to play previous playstation games because they are not compatible.
  • Wii

    A game consel that allows the players to play with wireless remotes and interacting games that make the player get off the couch.
  • iPhone

    iPod touch+Phone+Camera
  • iPad

    A giant iPod touch with more memory combined with a Laptop computer that it one hanheld panel computer.