Timeline 19th century Spain

  • The absolutist phase

    The absolutist phase
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    French troops and Ferdinand VII return to Spain. They wanted to rebuild the autocratic monarchy, but the spread of liberal ideas during the Revolutionary War made it difficult
  • The liberal phase

    The liberal phase
    During this period, the king was forced to share his power with the liberals and institute a constitutional monarchy. It lasted for three years as Ferdinand VII asked foreign help to stop the constitutional monarchy and restore an absolute monarchy.
  • The ominous decade

    The ominous decade
    In 1823, Fernando VII asked the Holly Union for help, and the Sons of St. Louis came. Ferdinand VII changed the Salik law to practical sanctions so that women and their daughters could vote.
  • 1st Carlist war

    1st Carlist war
    Fernando VII's brother Carlos claims his throne. It started in the Basque Country and they were defeated by General Espartero's Free Army. The peace was signed at the Vergara Congress. Despite having lost the war, the Kaliists still exist as traditional defenders.
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    Maria Christina supports moderate liberals as different events continue to support progressive liberals. During this period, the leader of progressive liberals, Juan Alvarez Mendisabal, began to dismantle the ancient system.
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    In 1837 the moderate liberals took control of Maria Cristina's government and was replaced by General Espartero, who was named regent. Espartero's thought creation was powerful, and Isabel II was proclaimed queen.
  • Alternation of power between moderates and progressists

    Alternation of power between moderates and progressists
    During the period of middle power, General Narwaz was the leader. The new Cortes adopted a moderate constitution in 1845, and in addition, the state and municipalities were reorganized. In addition, a penal code has been enacted.
  • 2nd Carlist war

    2nd Carlist war
    The war was caused by Isabelle's refusal to marry Carlos Luis Bourbon. Kaliists rebelled in many areas and even formed a parallel government in Estella.
  • Social instability

    Social instability
    Social instability is caused by farmers' dissatisfaction with poor working conditions. There is also tension between workers and factory owners over rising unemployment and low wages
  • Expropiations

    he purpose of the expropriation was to solve Spain's economic problems, including the country's export of land.
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    Isabel II ended her 13-year autocratic rule in Spain, and she established a liberal constitutional monarchy, each with its own characteristics.
  • Glorious Revolution

    Glorious Revolution
    The Glorios Revolution began as a result of the crisis of the monarchy. It succeeded, and Isabel was forced into exile, so a provisional government was established. A new political period began, known as the Six Years of Democracy.
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    In 1868, the crisis of the monarchy began. The government that emerged from the Glorios Revolution could not establish a democratic system. Furthermore, several different political solutions have been tried and many problems have been faced.
  • Provisional government

    Provisional government
    General Serrano, General Prim, and General Topit search for a new king of Spain who is not bourbon. Cortez drafted a new constitution based on democratic principles.
  • Amadeo I of Savoy

    Amadeo I of Savoy
    Amadeo I of Savoy was elected to the throne, and General Prim was assassinated. Amadeo has the support of progressives, unionists and democrats.
  • The First Republic

    The First Republic
    When Amadeo abdicated, Cortes voted to create a republic. The First Republic faced many problems. The Third Calliste War continued, with Alfonso's supporters rejecting the Republic. The 1873 election was won by the Federal Republicans, and Cortez drafted a constitution dividing the legislative powers of the central government.