The Second Spanish Republic

  • Spanish republic

    The region of Catalan was granted autonomy by the republican government. The right side were not happy as they felt that they it was a threat to Spains overall level of power. The Agrarian Reform Law allowed the state to nationalise which was to control large lands owned by rich people of Latifundia and then hand them over to the peasants.
    Not everyone in the government agreed to take over latifundia. So it was never implemented on a large scale.
    This angered landowners.
  • Spanish republic

    ▪ Primo’s Labour Arbitration Scheme was extended and improved with the help of the UGT.The UGT trebled its membership during this period. The Jesuits were no longer allowed to operate as a religious group
    - the state withdrew subsidies to the Church
    - civil marriage was permitted
  • Spanish republic

    Divorce was allowed
    Prime minister Azana who is well known for for honesty said “all the convents in Madrid are not worth the life of a single Republican”. Half of the amount of of officer corps were forced to retire at full pay which left little money for social reform.
  • Period: to

    Spanish Republic

    3 facts
    1st: The second republic began on April, 14th 1931
    2nd:The republic suffered a horrible crisis due to the time when General Franco attempted a coup on July 18th 1936.
    3rd: Azana's government lasted until february , 1939 Facts from:
  • Spanish Republic

    A military revolt was crushed. this was lead by General Sunjuro.The government’s decisions led to the foundation of the right-wing Catholic CEDA party
    which was led by Gil Robles.
    A fasicts party- the falange (phalanx) was made and established by Jose antonio, son of Primo de Rivera
  • Spanish republic

    in this year dead anarchists prisoners were shot in Cadiz by government troops which led to crisis. This also caused elections ot be called in novemeber. A right-wing coalition government had power after the elections.
    - It reversed the process of reform and cancelled the measures against the Church.
    the time between from 1933 to 1935 was known for the two black years by those on the left side.
  • spanish republic

    opposition to the government exploded into violence in the Asturias Uprising, an anarchist miners’ revolt
    This lasted in two weeks. It was finally stopped by the troops of General Franco. - Franco became known as the "Butcher of Asturias".
    The catalan autonomy statue became suspended and left wing newspapers were closed.
  • spanish republic

    The watershed in history of the republic was the Austrias Uprising. This pushed the left towards a revoulotuion and persuauded the right that fascism which is promoted by Rivera was the only way to control the workers. This international situation strongly influenced the development of opposite ideas in Spain:
    - the growing power of Fascism and Communism in Europe convinced many on both sides of politics that moderate politics would mean disaster.
  • spanish republic

    in 1936 elections were called again. several parties such as communists, socialists, republicans and seprarists were formed to oppose the government. the right wing decided to form a a national front. Increasing tension meant that the Left now regarded the Right as Fascists; the Right regarded the Left as Communists.
    The Popular Front won by a couple of votes than the National Front. The voting system made this into a large majority of seats in Parliament.
  • spanish republic

    Caballero's socialists refused to join which weakened the government ,left wing and spanish politics. due to these promblems the government reintroduced the reforms of 1931. This menat that it banned the Falange and sent Franco to Morocco.Disorder and political violence spread throughout the country. Peasants were encourage to take over the land by anarchist CNT.
  • Spanish republic

    a genral strike occured among the proletrait which was called by the socialist UGT. The party, fascist flanage grew dramatically. ▪ On the 13th of July the monarchist politician, Calvo Sotelo, was assassinated by Republican police (revenge for the murder of one of their men by a Falangist).
    Their revolt began on the 17th of July in Spanish Morocco – led by Franco.