In 1200BC....The phrase Ancient Greece refers to the period in the history of Greece that has spanned since the Dark Age of Greece, beginning in the 1200 BC.
It's generally considered as the seminal culture that served as the basis for Western civilization. The culture of Greece had a powerful influence on the Roman Empire, which spread it through many of its territories in Europe.
The fall of TroyAmong ancient greek City-States, two sides arised from the most blood-expensive affaire.
Introducing Elena: she was very beautiiful and attracted many pretendants, becoming Menelao's wife. She was absucted from Sparta by Paris, prince of Troy. The rescue expedition concluded with the [siege of Troy]
Unlikely to be conquered frontally, Troy was taken from inside, leaving the story of the Trojan Horse.
The Dark agePeriod of Greek history that runs from the collapse of the Mycenaean world (between 1200-1100BC) to the Greek archaic era (8th century BC), characterized by the scarcity of sources that make reference to the very difficult reconstruction of the historical realities of this period.
The first Olympic gamesThe Olympic Games of antiquity, originally simply called the Olympic Games (in Greek: Ολυμπιακοί Αγώνες; Olympiakoi Agones), were a series of athletic competitions celebrated in the city of Olimpia between different polis of Old Greece. They were celebrated in Olímpia between 776 BC and 393 AD.
Slave State of SpartaIn Peloponnese southeast there's Laconia, a fertile land with pastures and a fresh water river. Messinia, a neighbor district had even better conditions. After invading Greece, the Dorians conquered Laconia, settling there in foundations, becomming the City-State of Sparta. Dorian conquerors called themselves Spartans; they conquered Messinia. So Spartans came from a mix between Dorians and natives (former inhabitants).
The economyThe economy in Ancient Greece was characterized by the great importance of agriculture, further enhanced by the poverty of the cultivation fields of the geography of Greece. At the beginning of the fourth century B.C., crafts and commerce were developed, which were increasingly important in the classical period.
Thermopylae's battleThermopylae's battle took place during the Second Medical War; where an alliance of the Greek cops led by Sparta, and Athens, joined together to stop the invasion of the Persian Empire of Xerxes I. The span of the battle lasted 7 days, with 3 days of the battles. It developed in the narrow passage of the Thermopylae (translated by 'Hot Doors'; derived from the hot springs that existed there), in August or September 480 b.C
PericlesBorn in Athens, son of Jantipo of Athens and Agarista and father of Pericles the Younger, Paralus, Xanthippus and Xantippus.
He reigned for forty years with the nickname of 'The Olympic' and was assassinated in 429 B.C.
SocratesWas a classical Greek philosopher considered one of the greatest, both in Western and universal philosophy. He was a teacher of Plato, who had Aristotle as a disciple, these three being the fundamental representatives of the philosophy of Ancient Greece.
Socrates was a leading figure in the transformation of Greek philosophy into a continuous and unified project.
Alejandro of MacedoniaAlejandro was born in Pela, the former capital of Macedonia; He was the son of Philip II, king of Macedonia, and princess of Epirus. Aristotle was his tutor, teaching him rhetoric and literature, and stimulated his interest in science, medicine and philosophy. In the summer of the year 336 b.C Philip was killed and Alexander ascended to the throne of Macedonia and he found himself surrounded by enemies.
Roman GreeceRoman Greece is the name of the period following the Roman victory over the Achaean League in the Corinth's battle, in 146 BC, until the establishment of Byzantium's city as capital of the Roman Empire in 330 B.C.
Greece became a Roman protectorate in 146 B.C. and the Aegean islands were added to this territory in 133 BC. Athens and other Greek cities rebelled in 88 B.C., and the entire peninsula was crushed by the troops of Roman General Sila.
The greek tragedyThe Greek tragedy is a theatrical genre originating in Ancient Greece. Inspired by the myths representations that were made in Greece and Anatolia, it reaches its peak in Athens of the 5th century B.C Its influence comes without major modifications until Romanticism, at which time the discussion about literary genres opens.