BackgroundGovernor diego velasquez was planning a new expedition in the hope that riches could be found.
Period: 1519 to Aug 13, 1521
Conquest of México
Feb 18, 1519
Cortes left CubaCortes was rushing off the island to Yucatan.
Feb 21, 1519
Cortes arrived to CozumelHe arrived on the island of Cozumel, where he met Jerónimo de Aguilar and Gonzalo de Guerrero.
Jerónimo served him as a translator from Maya to Spanish
Apr 15, 1519
Hernan Cortés received MalintzinAfter fighting with the local Mayans, Hernan Cortés received Malintzin (Marina), who was important because she translated the Mexica into Mayan, then Jeronimo de Aguilar translated it into Catellano.
Apr 22, 1519
Hernan Cortés founded Villa Rica de la Vera CruzHe founded Villa Rica de la Vera Cruz, and he established a Spanish town there.
In the beginning Hernan Cortés' mission was to obtain goods and especially gold.
Apr 26, 1519
He forms an alliance with the Totonaca peopleHe forms an alliance with the Totonaca people in Cempoala, to go against the Mexica Empire. Here, many of the most important caciques met to complain and debate about the outburst of lives that Moctezuma was making for the sacrifices
Aug 16, 1519
Begins the expedition to Mexico-Tochtitlan.
Sep 5, 1519
Tlaxcaltecas Vs Hernán Cortésthe expedition arrived to Tlaxcala and the Tlaxcaltecas confronted Hernán Cortés, later the alliance with Tlaxcaltecas was made
Oct 16, 1519
Cholula SlaughterThe Cholula massacre was an attack carried out by conquering soldiers on their way to Mexico-Tenochtitlan City, it was a preventive operation and had the objective of suspecting an ambush in the city of Cholula where they were received.
Nov 7, 1519
Hernan Cortés arrived to Mexico-TenochtitlanHernan Cortés arrived in Mexico-Tenochtitlan city and they were amazed.
Cortés and his men were housed in the palace of Axáyactl, which is where Moctezuma hid his treasures, soon after the Spaniards found them.
Nov 14, 1519
The Spanish took Moctezuma Xocoyotzin prisoner inside his palace.
Apr 24, 1520
Attack on Pánfilo de NarváezCortés attacked Pánfilo de Narváez on the night of May 24, 1520 , who caused numerous casualties among his army. Narváez was wounded (lost an eye) and locked up in the fortress of Veracruz, to be later transferred to the city of Coyoacán
May 20, 1520
Slaughter occurs in the Templo Mayor .Hernán Cortés leaves Pedro de Alvarado in charge, since he has to go and confront Pánfilo de Narváez.
Alvarado gives the Mexicas permission to hold their celebration in the Templo Mayor, but upon seeing the sacrifices, he gives orders to attack.
Jun 29, 1520
Death of Moctezuma XocoyotzinMoctezuma Xocoyotzin dies from a stone attack while trying to pacify the Mexica people.
Jul 1, 1520
The Sad NightHernán Cortés tries to flee with his men, since they have stolen the treasure of the Aztecs, but the Mexicas find out and start a chase where many Spansh die drowning in the waters of Lake Texcoco.
Sep 7, 1520
New tlatoanicuitlahuac ascends as tlatoani, after the death of moctezuma, he fought with the spanish in the sad night.
Dec 6, 1520
Cuitláhuac diesCuitláhuac dies from a smallpox epidemic that spread throughout Tenochtitlan, and Cuauhtémoc is proclaimed the new Tlatoani.
Aug 13, 1521
The fall of TenochtitlanCuauhtémoc was captured on August 13, 1521, which meant that Tenochtitlán finally fell into Spanish hands. From this date, the Mexican historical period called the colony began and lasted three centuries from 1521 to 1821.