South America

By sahepop
  • 200

    Earliest Known Civilizations

    Kingdoms rose and fell in Western SA;The Chibca ruled in the Colombian Andes.
  • 200

    First Potatoes

    First Potatoes
    The potato is cultivated in the Peruvian Andes.
  • Period: 200 to Jan 1, 1533

    Pre-Colombian South America

    Ethnic groups such as the Incas and the Chibchas rise into empires.
  • Jan 1, 1438

    Inca Empire

    Inca Empire
    Inca was the largest Pre-Colombian empire in South America. Cuzco, city of the Incas, grows rapidly in power after Pachacuti ('transformer of the earth') becomes emperor. The population of the Inca ethnic group was ranged from 4 million to 37 million people.
  • Jan 1, 1498

    Europeans Invade South America

    Europeans Invade South America
    The first European known to have reached South America was Christopher Columbus, in 1498, during his third voyage from Spain to the New World.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1498 to

    Spain Controls SA

    European discoveries lead to the colonization of South America from different countries in Europe.
  • Independence

    Argentina - July 9, 1816
    Bolivia - August 6, 1822
    Brazil - September 7, 1822
    Chile - September 18, 1811
    Colombia - July 20, 1810
    Ecuador - May 24, 1822
    Guyana - May 26, 1966
    Paraguay - May 14, 1811
    Peru - July 28, 1821
    Suriname - November 25, 1975
    Uruguay - August 25, 1825
    Venezuala - July 5, 1811
  • The Paraguayan War

    The Paraguayan War
    The Paraguayan War, one of the most significant historical events in South America, was the cause in which the modern nations of Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay were formed. Also known as the War of the Triple Alliance, this was the longest conflict between independent nations of South America, lasting from November 1864 to March 1870, when the Paraguayan leader, Marshal Solano Lopez, was killed in the final siege inside Paraguay itself.
  • Period: to

    South American Governments

    South America's population increased rapidly during the 1950's and 1960's. Many rural laborers moved to the cities to search for jobs. Land reforms were undertaken in several countries; large estates were broken up to provide more of the rural population with land. Economic difficulties continued because of the issue with borders and power stauses. But by the late 1990s, all of the countries had recovered and gained economical strength.
  • Period: to

    SA is Independent

    All of South America is free.
  • Chan Chan

    Chan Chan
    Chan Chan, today the largest of the ruined Andean cities, dominates the entire length of Peru.