Canada 1945 - 2000

By grm99
  • Cold War begins 1945

    Cold War begins 1945
    The Cold War began shortly after WW2 ended. The Cold war was between the United States and the Soviet Union. The war was a fight for power and influence on a global scale. Although the two massive forces never fought each other in combat, through out the War there was an ever present fear of a nuclear war as both superpowers continued to grow their nuclear weapons count. Canada supported and would fight along side the United States.
  • Newfoundland Joins Confederation 1949

    Newfoundland Joins Confederation 1949
    After the great depression in the 1930's Newfoundland suffered a great amount of debt, due to its debt it surrendered its independence and joined the nation of Canada changing Canada forever.
  • Canada Joins NATO

    Canada Joins NATO
    Canada joined NATO in order to assist in the response to the Serbian persecution of Kosovar Albanians. Canada participated in the bombing campaign, they continuously bombed Yugoslav's military and communication targets and then later entered the country to keep the peace.
  • Korean War Begins

    Korean War Begins
    The Korean War began when armed forces invade South Korea. Canadians got involved in both combat and later peace keeping.Today Korea remains Canada's third-bloodiest overseas conflict, with the loss of 516 Canadian lives.
  • Korean War

    Korean War
    The Soviet Union supported North Korea in the fight against South Korea and United Nations supported South Korea sending troops from member nations this included Canada with a total of 26,000 Canadians serving in the Korean War.
  • Immigration Act of 1952

    Immigration Act of 1952
    The immigration act gave all powers to the minister of immigration. Canada decided to continue to stop immigrants from entering Canada is they were from a certain ethnic origin.
  • Korean War Ends

    Korean War Ends
    Towards the end of the the war Canadians continued to serve in Korea most were troops who guarded zones that separated the two Koreas. Canadian armed forces who served in Korea through out the war are considered Korean War Veterans.
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    The Warsaw Pact was a military alliance of communist nations in eastern Europe. it was organized due to NATO. The pact was made up of Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania and the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union formed this alliance as a form of counter measures due to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. NATO was a security alliance formed between Canada, the United States and Western Europeans nations. The Warsaw Pact balanced the out the NATO agreements.
  • Vietnam war begins

    Vietnam war begins
    The Vietnam War mainly took place between the U.S and Vietnam. Canada did not choose to join the War however, still was involved with the war. Canada tried to mediate between the two countries hoping to work towards an agreement that could allow the U.S to leave feeling honorable but also that would criticize American war methods.
  • Suez Crisis

    Suez Crisis
    Suez Canal Crisis was a turning point in Canadian history. it was a moment when the country was given a chance to display itself on the global stage. Canadian soldiers, from that point onward, became closely aligned with UN peacekeeping missions in foreign lands.
  • John Diefenbaker

    John Diefenbaker
    John Diefenbaker was the Prime Minister of Canada, serving from June 21, 1957 to April 22, 1963. He is known for his roles during The Federal Elections of 1957 and 1958,the Crown in Canada,The Canadian Bill of Rights,The Enfranchisement of Canada's Aboriginal Peoples,The Appointment of Ellen Fairclough as the First Female Cabinet Minister and his Role during the Cuban Missile Crisis.
  • Canada joins NORAD

    Canada joins NORAD
    The North American Defence System was created between Canada and America to warn of in coming bombs. Canada contributed $300 million dollars but the project was mainly funded by the U.S.
  • AVRO Arrow

    AVRO Arrow
    The Avro Arrow is considered to have been a huge advancment in technical and aerodynamic achievements for the Canadian aviation industry.
  • Quiet Revolution

    Quiet Revolution
    Throughout the Quiet Revolution Quebec was seeking more independence and control over decisions that would impact its future. during the revolution they went through a time of modernization and rapid reform.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    During the Cold War the Soviet Union and the United States both worked hard to grow their stock piles of nuclear weapons. Due to the stationing of Soviet Missiles in Cuba the world feared a nuclear war. Canadian forces were placed on high alert but the prime minister was hesitant to respond to the crisis which strained relationships between Canada and America in the 1960's.
  • Lester Pearson

    Lester Pearson
    Lester Pearson was a Canadian scholar, statesman, soldier and diplomat. He won the Nobel Peace Prize for organizing the United Nations Emergency Force to resolve the Suez Canal Crisis.
  • National Medicare Act

    National Medicare Act
    The National Medicare Act offered to reimburse, or cost share, one-half of the territories and provinces costs for medical services provided by doctors outside of hospitals. After six years all the provinces and territories had access to medical care and insurance plans. This was the start of Canada's universal health care that is still in practice today.
  • Pierre Trudeau

    Pierre Trudeau
    Pierre Trudeau was a Canadian politician who served as the 15th Prime Minister of Canada. Pierre introduced the War Measures act and the Charter of Rights and Freedom Act, as well as many other things that would benefit Canadians.
  • October 1970 Crisis

    October 1970 Crisis
    The October Crisis took place when a group of young french Canadians who spoke of Marxist objectives and of Quebec's separation from Canada started using violent acts to complete their goals. They kidnapped four political members,making it Canada's first political kidnapping.
  • Vietnam War ends

    Vietnam War ends
    Throughout the Vietnam war thousands of young American men moved to Canada to avoid being drafted into the war that raged in Vietnam, these young men were called Draft Dodgers.During the last four years of the war the Americans dropped more bombs on North Vietnam than the total of all the bombs used by all sides in World War two. It was these bombs that forced North Korea into Submission.
  • Immigration Act of 1978

    Immigration Act of 1978
    The federal government passed a new Immigration Act that made immigration easier and gave provinces more roles in immigration. All immigrants were welcomed regardless of religion,country,or colour.
  • White Paper

    White Paper
    The White Paper policy addressed the issues facing Aboriginal people in Canada. The policy proposed the idea of getting rid of special status for treaty Indians. The idea was that equality was necessary to solve the problems of the Indians and that the special treatment was to blame.
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  • USSR invades Afghanistan 1979

    USSR invades Afghanistan 1979
    The Soviet war in Afghanistan and the new undemocratic regime there caused Canada to break off and cut all diplomatic ties.
  • Constitution Act

    Constitution Act
    The Constitution Act was created and approved by Queen Elizabeth, it includes The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms that is still in place in Canada today.
  • Jean Sauve

    Jean Sauve
    Jean Sauve was Canada's first female Governor General. she pathed the way as a leader for other young women to have equal opportunity and rights with men.
  • Brian Mulroney

    Brian Mulroney
    Brian Mulroney brought in the landmark Free Trade Agreement with the United States, and oversaw passage of the unpopular Goods and Services Tax.
  • Canada Multicultural Act

    Canada Multicultural Act
    The Canadian Multicultural Act was set up in order to preserve grow multiculturalism in Canada. The government helped schools set up new courses that supported multicultural events and set up groups to study the problems of other ethnic groups in Canada hoping to raise awareness.
  • Meech Lake Accord

    Meech Lake Accord
    Meech Lake Accord is the term for a series of proposed amendments to the Constitution of Canada negotiated in 1987 by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and the 10 provincial premiers.These amendments impacted Canada greatly.
  • Oka Standoff

    Oka Standoff
    The Oka Crisis was a 78-day standoff between Mohawk protesters, police, and the army. The larger part of the crisis was the proposed expansion of a golf course and development of condominiums that was to be built on disputed land that included a Mohawk burial ground.
  • Gulf War

    Gulf War
    During the Gulf War countries came together to drive the invading forces of Iraq out of Kuwait. 4,000 Canadian Armed Forces members served in the Persian Gulf region. After the war Canadians would continue to serve with peacekeeping and embargo-enforcement efforts in the region for several years.
  • Cold War Ends

    Cold War Ends
    After 46 years the Cold War comes to an end. Communism collapsed in the Soviet Union. Through out the war Canadians worked along side Americans to defend Canada using various methods from bunkers to sonar all in the measures of defense. Canada wasn't willing to surrender its freedom and democracy and proved ready to fight for the protection of our country.
  • Charlottetown Accord

    Charlottetown Accord
    The Charlottetown Accord made provisions for aboriginal self-government, senate reform,universal health care, workers' rights, and environmental protection.only four provinces approved it however, because they felt it was too much.
  • NAFTA agreement

    NAFTA agreement
    The North American Free Trade Agreement is an agreement that was formed between Canada, the United States and Mexico created to remove tariff barriers between the three countries.
  • Rwanda

    More than 400 Canadians served with United Nations peace missions to Rwanda. Soldiers would find themselves in the midst of some of the worst violence that could be imagined while taking part in international peace efforts attempting to bring some stability to the African nation.
  • Peace Keeping in Bosnia

    Peace Keeping in Bosnia
    Bosnia's thirst for independence caused a civil was between three ethno-religious groups. as part of the UN Canada got involved in peace keeping missions proving to be the worst battle since the Korean War. Canada learned that peacekeeping is best done with combat-trained, well-equippedtroops
  • Kyoto Accord

    Kyoto Accord
    The Kyoto Protocol is a document that was signed by about 180 countries at Kyoto Japan. Canada was one of these countries. The document was an agreement among the industrialized nations of the world to cut down emissions of green house gases over a certain period of time.
  • Nisga Treaty

    Nisga Treaty
    The Treaty was a treaty designed to benefit the Nisga people of B.C. Under the treaty no non-aboriginal settlers were forced from their territory that the Niaga's control.
  • Nunavut Territory

    Nunavut Territory
    Nunavut was created and aboriginal peoples were given the right to self-govern themselves on issus pertaining resources, education and the justice systems.