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Canada 1945 - 2000

By TonyVu
  • Cold War Begins 1945

    The Cold War refers to the period between the end of the Second World War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. The world was largely divided into 2 "factions", the United States led the West while the Soviets dominated the east.
  • Canada joins NATO 1949

    North Atlantic Treaty Organization or better known as NATO was established in 1949. Canada was their first peacetime military alliance making the nation in defense with the United States, Britain and the nations of Western Europe.
  • Newfoundland Joins Confederation 1949

    With the addition of Newfoundland and massive Labrador, Canada now covered more territory than all of Europe. The dream of the country's founders, of a nation from sea to sea, had been fulfilled at last.
  • Canada's Role - Korean War begins 1950-53

    The Korean War began in 1950 when North Korea invaded South Korea. The United Nations began intervening in the situation and Canada contributed three Royal Navy destroyers (HMCS Athabaskan, HMCS Cayuga, and HMCS Sioux) and the Air Force sent in the "Thunderbird" Squadron.
  • Immigration Act of 1952

    The Immigration Act was the newest Immigration Act since 1910.
    The Legislation determined what kind of Immigrants were allowed into Canada with restrictions such as British preferred citizens and straight.
  • Korean War ends 1953

    After the war ended a few Canadian troops stuck around for another 2 years. Many troops acted as guards for korea and protected main parts of the city and special buildings.
  • AVRO Arrow 1953-59

    The Avro Arrow (CF-105) was a advanced supersonic twin engine jet aircraft. Made by A.V. Roe from Canada in 1949. Due to controversy the government shut down the project.
  • Vietnam War Begins 1954

    The Vietnam War took place in the time the Cold War was being held, United States attempted to stop Communist Northern Vietnamese forces. Canada acted as the peacemaker but in secret they backed up the US forces.
  • Warsaw Pact 1955

    The Warsaw Pact or Warsaw Treaty was a mutual military organization lead by Soviet Russia as an act to stop or counter the NATO alliance which Canada was apart of. Their main goal was to act as a threat to NATO.
  • Canada's Role - Suez Crisis 1956

    The Suez Crisis was the military and political confrontation in Egypt which threatened a divide between United States and Great Britain. By doing so the act could largely harm the military alliance which won World War 2. With Canada's prime minister's help, he derailed the situation using Large scale United Nations peacekeeping, winning him a Nobel Prize. Canadians thought of this act as a potential hazard to start another war so Canada took the peacekeeping role in the situation.
  • Canada joins NORAD 1957

    The agreement was to co-ordinating 2 air forces in a difficult task and keeping Canadian airmen in touch with doctrine and policy while keeping them airbourne.
  • John Diefenbaker PM 1957-1963

    John Diefenbaker was set to Prime Minister after having a huge upset against the Liberals. The Diefenbaker life style introduced a new style and personality of living. Due to Diefenbaker Canada's agriculture reformed Western agriculture and offered wheat sales to China. He was determined to guarantee civil rights. Diefenbaker extended voting towards First Nation Peoples.
  • Quiet Revolution 1960

    The Quiet Revolution was a time of rapid change experienced in Québec during the 1960s. This mainly affected social political and cultural change in Quebec.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis 1962

    Soviet missiles were stationed in Cuba which acted as a threat towards the United States and Canada almost bringing the world to a nuclear war.
  • Lestyer Pearson PM 1963-1968

    Pearson was a skilled politician who rebuilt the Liberal Party and as a Prime Minister he was determined to keep Canada's National Unity. Through his time as Prime Minister he implemented a Canadian Pension Plan, Universal Medicare system, a unified armed force and a new flag.
  • National Medicare Act 1966

    Medicare was a system to ensure every Canadian citizen had medical care and hosptial treatment at the cost of a Medicare tax payment. The Medical Care Act of 1966 was an extension to the Medicare system which covered health insurance for doctor's services.
  • Pierre Trudeau 1968 - 1979 // 1980 - 1983

    Trudeau was arguably Canada’s best-known politician, both at home and abroad. He single handedly negotiated the Consitutional Independence from the British Parliament and established a Canadian Constitution along with an enhanced Charter of Rights. Trudeau also brought in the Official Languages Act in 1969, making In 1983–84, Trudeau was invited to meet leaders in both the eastern and western blocs to persuade them to negotiate the reduction of nuclear weapons and to lower Cold War tensions.
  • White Paper 1969

    The White Paper is a government document which outlines both government policy on an issue and possible future action, including legislation.
  • October 1970 Crisis

    The October Crisis of 1970 was the kidnapping of James Cross, the british trade commisioner in Montreal. This rapidly turned into the most serious terrorist act after the kidnapping and murder of Pierre Laporte.
  • Vietnam War ends 1975

    At the end of the Vietnam War, Canada ended with a large scale refugee movement of out South Vietnam. Canada accepted more than 5600 Vietnamese in 1975 and 1976 also an additional 50000 refugees from the second wave of people known as "Boat People".
  • Immigration Act of 1978

    The immigration act of 1978 made Canada into the country it is today. The Immigration Act of 1978 was actually called the Immigration Act of 1976 because of the year it was drafted. This act gave more power to the provinces to set their own immigration laws.
  • USSR invades Afghanistan 1979

  • Consitution Act of 1982

    The Constitution Act is Canada. It is the Charter of Rights and Freedoms and what makes Canadians free to make changes for Canada. Without the act, Britain would still have to agree to any constitutional changes, giving them the control. It is why Canadians are guaranteed the freedom of speech, association, belief, religion, press, and assembly, and why Canadians are allowed to freely move within the country and even leave it. Without the act (and the charter) there would be no official language
  • Jean Sauve 1984

    As the first female governor general of Canada (14 May 1984), Sauve proceeded to put in a management system suitable to modern needs. Thanks to her personality, she commanded respect for her attitude, opinions and pronouncements on major domestic and foreign issues of the day.
  • Brian Mulroney PM 1984-1993

    Martin Brian Mulroney, PC, CC, GOQ, lawyer, businessman, politician, prime minister of Canada 1984 to 1993 In the general election of 1984 he ran an almost flawless campaign against Prime Minister John Turner's Liberals and won 211 seats, the largest number in Canadian history. He contributed to the Goods and Service tax and the free trade act.
  • Canadian Multicultural Act 1987

    The Canadian Multicultural Act made it so Canada would recognize and respect its society including diversity in languages, customs, religions, and so on. Later Aboriginal rights and Canada’s official languages were also set. Canada was the first to adopt the Multiculturalism Act
  • Meech Lake Accord 1987

    The Meech Lake Accord was a package of proposed amendments to the Constitution of Canada negotiated in 1987 by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and the 10 provincials.
  • Cold War ends 1990

    After the Cold War Canada contributed a global peacekeeping operations throughout the world including areas split by Communist and Anti-Communist factions. Canada avoided calamity longer afterwards.
  • Canada's Role - Gulf War 1990-91

    In response to the UAE and Kuwait's "economic warfare", Saddam Hussein, leader of Iraq invaded Kuwait with a force of 100 000. The UN was quick to impose a trading embargo, which did nothing to stops Iraq's declaration of Kuwait as a province. It wasn't until after 2.5 months of US military involvement that Iraq eventually agreed to a cease-fire. Canada, under PM Mulroney, was quick to condemn the Iraqi invasion and join the US led mission. Mulroney's government increased Canada-US relations t
  • Oka Standoff 1990

    The Oka Crisis was a 78-day standoff where the expansion of a Golf Course and the building of condominiums were about to be built on a Mohawk burial ground.
  • Charlottetown Accord 1992

    The Charlottetown Accord of 1992 was a failed, joint attempt by the government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and all 10 provincial premiers to amend the Canadian Constitution, specifically to obtain Quebec's consent to the Constitution Act of 1982.
  • NAFTA agreement 1994

    North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) The agreement of free trade between America, Canada and Mexico. The agreement eliminated all distrubution acts and invesment barriers. This was a step forward to Americanization increasing the dependence on America.
  • Canada's Role - Rwanda 1994

    Canada became largely involved with Rwanda after the event.
  • Canada's Role - Peace keeping in Bosnia 1995

    At the end of the Cold War, Soviet Russia left power vacuums throughtout the world. The UN responded by bringing together a peacekeeping military force to counter the power vacuums spread around the world. Canada played a role in most of these peacekeeping operations making about 10% of the total peacekeeping forces.
  • Kyoto Accord 1996

    The Kyoto Accord was the agreement to emit less greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Many had agreed to the act but many dropped out of it , including Canada. Canada has now doubled the limit which was set many years ago.
  • Nisga Treaty 1998

    The Nisga'a Treaty is a negotiated agreement between the Nisga'a Nation, the Government of British Columbia and the Government of Canada. British Columbia claimed the land of the Nisga and in return of doing so the Nisga Treaty was created years later, in return of the situation BC decided to give the Nisga land.
  • Nunavut Territory 1999

    Nunavut is the newest addition to Canada. It is the most northern and large piece of land there is to Canada. It was officialy seperated from Northwest Territories in 1999.