Hi 30 Timeline Challenge TennyKyra

  • First Nations Peoples' in Canada

    First Nations Peoples' in Canada
    Colonies and Settlements: Groups of First Nations peoples occupied Canada before Europeans came, before and including 1750. They were the the Woodland First Nations, Iroquianian First Nations, Plateau First Nations, Plains First Nations, Pacific First Nations, First Nations of the Mackenzie and Yukon RIver Nations.
  • Canada's First Newspaper

    Canada's First Newspaper
    Canada's first newspaper published its first issue in the Halifax Gazette.
  • 7 Year War (French Indian War)

    7 Year War (French Indian War)
    War and Battles: French success lead British to advance on Montreal
  • Expulsion of the Acadians

    Expulsion of the Acadians
    Notable Events: Also called the Great Upheaval, was the removal of the Acadians by British from present day Canadian provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island; an area also known as Acadie. A lutenient said Acadians who refuse to pledge allegiance to the British Crown will forfeit their property and be relocated.Big Six: Historical Perspectives: From the Acadians perspective they were torn away and exiled from their homes; from British it was considered a nessesary action.
  • Plains of Abrahaim

    Plains of Abrahaim
    Wars and Battles: French troops and a new commander, Marquis de Montcalm, arrived in Canada during the 7 year war. The battle between Montcalm and Wolfe in Quebec city which left the city devestated.
  • Pontiac's Resistance

    Pontiac's Resistance
    A war that was launched in 1763 by a loose confederation of elements of Native American tribes.
  • Treaty of Paris and the End of the 7 Year War

    Treaty of Paris and the End of the 7 Year War
    Treaties: The Treaty of Paris signaled the end of the 7 Year war. It walso allowed Britain to gain all french colonies east of Mississippi. This includes New France, which becomes the colony of Quebec.Big Six: Cause and Consequence; Cause- Many countries were in debt because of the war, Consequence- France(&Spain) were forced to give up their land in North America, which ended military threats to Britain there. It ended the 7 year war and gave the British more sense of security.
  • First Nations First Contact with Europeans

    First Nations First Contact with Europeans
    Exploration and Discovery: Norse explorers founded North America's first european ccolony at L'Anse aux Meadows. This is the start of Canada as a real country, as Europeans began making many changes to the way the territory had been run and settled by the First Nations people.
  • Govenor for Quebec

    Govenor for Quebec
    Murray becomes civil governor of Québec, but his attempts to appease French Canadians are disliked by British merchants. Murray served under General James Wolfe at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham in 1759. Murray believed Wolfe's plan to land the army at Anse au Foulon was foolish and absurd, and succeeded "only by Providence". He was the military commander of Quebec City after it fell to the British. He also signed the Peace and Freedom Treaty with the Huron Nation.
  • American Revolution

    American Revolution
    Wars and Battles/Govenors: Rebel forces invaded Canada, occupying Montréal and attacking Québec. American privateers also raided Atlantic ports, and revolutionary sympathizers in Nova Scotia attempted a rebellion in that colony. Although the rebel forces were defeated in Canada, the 13 American colonies won their war for independence from Britain, sparking another kind of invasion – a wave of Loyalist emigration that would change the make-up of Canada. An important figure was General Burgyone.
  • Govenors During the Battle of Quebec

    Govenors During the Battle of Quebec
    Govenors and Generals: The creation of the Quebec Act in 1774 lead to the Battle of Quebec in 1775. This battle was lead by Major General Benedict Arnold and General Richmond Montgomery. General Arnold lead a second expedition to Quebec where half of his troops parished before arrival. He then met up with Genral Montgomeys troop; Montgomery killed, Arnold shot in the leg and defeated in the battle of Quebec.
  • Loyalist Refugees Settle in Canada

    Loyalist Refugees Settle in Canada
    Notable Events:The first few thousand Loyalist refugees from the American War of Independance settle in Nova Scotia and Halifax. Big Six: Historical Significance: It was one of the first times 'Canada' and its citizens expanded its population with new immigrants. Formed on the basis of being a multicultural and accepting society already this allows the country to grow with many peoples in in, leading to what we live in now. A nation thirving on multicultural connections.
  • North West Company Established

    North West Company Established
    Colonies and Settlements: The North West Trading Company is formed in Montreal to compete with the Hundson Bay Trading Company.
  • Yorktown: Final Defeat of English

    Yorktown: Final Defeat of English
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    After a five-day bombardment, the combined American and French forces attacked and overwhelmed Cornwallis's fortified position at Yorkton night of October 14. The British commander was left with no choice but to surrender, which he did on October 19.
  • First Police Woman in Canada

    The Canadian's: Rose Fortune Notable Event: Rose Fortune was a Canadian woman who came to Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia, with the Black Loyalists, where she became a successful businesswoman and the first female police officer in Canada
  • Canada Opens Provincial Academy

    Canada Opens Provincial Academy
    Notable Event in Development of Canada: Fredericton opens a Provincial Academy of Arts and Sciences, the germ of the University of New Brunswick (1859). The school's name has changed over the years but it still is a large symbol for equal education, anf the promotion of knowledge in Canada.
    Big Six: Primary Source. This is a photograph of the petition signed to create a school, spurred on my loyalist wanting to give their children a better education.
  • Journey To the Beaufort Sea

    Journey To the Beaufort Sea
    Exploration and Discovery: At the behest of the North West Company, Alexander Mackenzie journeys to the Beaufort Sea, following what would later be named the Mackenzie River. Alexander Mackenzie is an explorer who becomes involved in the Trading companies and helps to expand the nation that is Canada.
  • Constitution Act of 1791

    Constitution Act of 1791
    Acts&Treaties: The Constitutional Act passed by the British Parliament in 1791 divided the Province of Québec into two distinct colonies: Lower Canada and Upper Canada. The new constitutional act that repealed the Québec Act of 1774 did not concern other Canadian colonies. Also called Britian's Canada Act. Big Six: This represented a huge change in the look and funtinoality of Canada. This could be considered one of the first times Canada spliting Quebec changed relations between the provinces.
  • Alexander Mackenzie Explores

    Alexander Mackenzie Explores
    Exploration and Discovery: By canoe and on foot, Alexander Mackenzie crosses the Rocky Mountains and the Coast Range, reaching the Pacific Ocean. Mackenzie, who is the first man to cross North America north of Mexico, records his arrival at the Pacific on a rock near Bella Coola, B.C.
  • Guy Carleton

    Guy Carleton
    Notable Event: Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester was the Govenor of Quebec ending his time at 1796. Before working in office, he commanded British troops in the American War of Independence, first leading the defence of Quebec during the 1775 rebel invasion and the 1776 counteroffensive that drove the rebels from the province. In 1782 and 1783 he led as the commander-in-chief of all British forces in North America.
  • York Named Capital of Upper Canada

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    Notable Event: York becomes capital of Upper Canada. York (now Toronto) is founded by John Graves Simcoe, lieutenant-governor of Upper Canada. York was founded August 27th, 1793
  • Immigration to Canada

    Immigration to Canada
    Notable Even:Many forgien families began immigrating from Ireland, England, and Scotland to Canada. Big Six: Cause and Consequence: This is a major event that occurs over many decades and continues today. It represnets the start of a growing nation filled with many different peoples. It started with European explorers and lead to the combining of first nations and european, to form one whole but multicultural society within Canada. A consequence ofanew culture is the ending of First Nations'.
  • Le Canadien

    Le Canadien
    Provincial Note: Le Canadien, a Québec nationalist newspaper, is founded.
  • Slavery Abolished in British Colonies

    Slavery Abolished in British Colonies
    Slavery abolished in British Colonies
  • Simon Fraser Explores

    Simon Fraser Explores
    Exploration and Discovery: Fraser travelde the Fraser River with 2 clerks, 16 voyageurs and 2 Aboriginal guides. The 520 mile (832 km) expedition ranks as one of Canada's greatest explorations. Entering unknown territory he struggled through the harsh terrain of the Fraser River canyon. With Aboriginal assistance and perseverance they survived the journey.
    At the river's mouth Fraser realized that it was not columbia and retreated. David Thompson named the river after him later.
  • Lord Selkirk Plans a Settlement

    Lord Selkirk Plans a Settlement
    Colonies and Settlements: Lord Selkirk plans a settlement of Highland Scots in Red River area, near present site of Winnipeg. First settlers arrive at Hudson Bay in the fall of 1811. On September 12th, 1812 Selkirk reaches Winnepeg.
  • The War of 1812

    The War of 1812
    Wars and Battles: The war that guarenteed the creation of two seperate nations: The United States of America and British North America.Big Six: Continuity and Chage: the war of 1812 guarenteed that 2 seperate nations would share North America. The fact that there were always people and colonies living in both areas continued but more distinct names and geographic locations were given. This allowed relations to be formed and new cultures and societys to be born independant but also connected.
  • Laura Secord

    Laura Secord
    Notable Events: Laura Secord aided by first nations, trekked over nineteen kilometers to warn British forces of a plan she overheard of an American attack.Laura was 85 before any mention of her act was drawn to light.
  • Treaty Of Ghent

    Treaty Of Ghent
    Documents, Acts and Treaties: The Treaty of Ghent officially ends the war. it was the peace treaty that ended the War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain
  • Merge of Trading Companies

    Merge of Trading Companies
    Notable Events: The HBC and the NWC merged together and therefore creating one, and owning the whole of Ruperts land. Although this merge kept the name HBC the NWC still owned 55 shares. Right around this time period the fur trading was just ending.
  • Welland Canal

    Welland Canal
    Colonies and Settlements: The first Welland Canal is completed, partly in response to American initiatives in the Erie Canal. Erie Canal completed in 1825 by the State of New York providing waterway between Buffalo on Lake Erie and Albany on the Hudson River, the greatest single transportation factor in early settlement of the like region and growth of lake navigation Work on Welland Canal starts.
  • Theater In Montreal

    Theater In Montreal
    Settlement: First permanent theatre building in Montreal, Theatre Royal, is built by John Molson to attract bigger names to the city, which lacked such a venue. It costs the magnate $30,000. The building is demolished in 1844 and the site was used for the Bonsecours Market. Another venue, also called Theatre Royal, was built not far away in Old Montreal; this building, too, no longer exists. Big Six: Historically significant because it allowed arts to thrive in Canada. Arrts continued to grow.
  • Population Census

    Population Census
    Provincial Note: The latest census puts the population of Lower Canada (Quebec) at 479,288, and Upper Canada (Ontario) at 157,923.
  • Name Changes

    Name Changes
    Notable Event: York reverts back to its origonal name Toronto and is incorporated as a city.
  • Canada's Railway The Camplain and St. Lawrence

    Canada's Railway The Camplain and St. Lawrence
    Exploration/Settlement: Canada's first railway, the Champlain and St. Lawrence, starts service between Laprairie and Saint-Jean, Que
  • Rebellions of 1837

    Rebellions of 1837
    War and Battles: Although not large, this began many small rebellions throughout Canada. Along with a general feeling that the government was not democratic, the failure of the executive committee to maintain the confidence of the elected officials leads to violent but unsuccessful rebellions in Upper and Lower Canada.The leaders of the Reformers and Patriotes, both escape to the U.S.
  • General Lord Durnham

    General Lord Durnham
    Govenor and Generals: Lord Durham comes to Canada as governor. He recommends that the governments of the colonies should be chosen by the people's elected representatives. He recommends the establishment of responsible government and the union of Upper and Lower Canada to speed the assimilation of French-speaking Canadians. Territorial disputes between lumbermen from Maine and New Brunswick lead to armed conflict in the Aroostook River valley (the Aroostook War). Big Six: He changed trust in CND
  • Act of Union

    Act of Union
    Documents, Acts, and Treaties: Initiated assimilations to form one whole Canada with one legislative assembly.
  • Victoria and Vancouver

    Victoria and Vancouver
    Colonies and Settlements: James Douglas of the Hudson's Bay Company founds Victoria and Vancouver Island. On 15 March Work starts on the Vancouver Island HBC post that will become Victoria.
  • Sir John Franklin's Lost Expedition

    Sir John Franklin's Lost Expedition
    Exploration and Discovery: Royal Navy and experienced explorer, John Franklin had served on three previous Arctic expeditions, the latter two as commanding officer. His fourth and last, undertaken when he was 59, was meant to traverse the last unnavigated section of the Northwest Passage. After a few early fatalities, the two ships became icebound in Victoria Strait near King William Island in the Canadian Arctic.The entire expedition, 129 men including Franklin, was lost.
  • Oregon Treaty

    Oregon Treaty
    Treaty/Boundary: Oregon Treaty sets the 49th parallel as the western Canada/U.S. boundary. Big Six: Cause&Consequence: This agreement set the boundary between the United States and Canada at the 49th parallel west of the Rocky Mountains, veering around Vancouver Island and then proceeding through the Strait of San Juan de Fuca. The Oregon Treaty settled the dispute between the United States and Great Britain over the area in Oregon located between the Columbia River and the 49th parallel.
  • Canada's First Postage Stamp

    Canada's First Postage Stamp
    Notable Events: Canada's very first postage stamp, the three penny beaver is issued. Around the same time Britain transfers control of the colonial postal system to Canada.
  • Canadian Pacific Railway, linking Montreal to Port Moody, B.C

    Canadian Pacific Railway, linking Montreal to Port Moody, B.C
    Notable Events: Rail director Donald Smith drives the ceremonial last spike home for the Canadian Pacific Railway, linking Montreal to Port Moody, B.C.
  • New Capital for Canada

    New Capital for Canada
    Colonies and Settlements: Queen Victoria names Ottawa the new capital of the Uniited Province of Canada.
  • Gold in Canada

    Gold in Canada
    Exploration and Discovery: Gold is discovered in the sandbars of the Fraser River. Some twenty thousand miners rush to the area, and it comes under British rule as the colony of British Columbia. Chinese immigrants from California were attracted by the Fraser River Gold Rush. Big Six: Ethical Dimensions: The gold rush in canada was seen as a great thing. The Chinese immigrants that were needed and used to harvest this gold was terrible and did not give them any better of a life, treatment wise.
  • British Columbia Govenor

    British Columbia Govenor
    Govenor and Generals/ Provincal Notes: James Douglas, already governor of Vancouver Island, sworn in as governor of British Columbia.
  • Charlottetown Conference

    Charlottetown Conference
    Notable Events: From September 1 to September 9, the Charlottetown Conference took place. This was the first step toward Confederation
  • John A. McDonald becomes First Prime Minister

    John A. McDonald becomes First Prime Minister
    Govenors and Prime Ministers: First Prime Minister of Canada, did not agree with Quebec sepratism, on the Canadian $10 bill.
  • Confederation

    Acts: Many leaders,Fathers of Confederation,felt that it would benefit to join into one country. The leaders met and wrote a constitution for the new country, which was passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It became known as the British North America Act, or the BNA Act. This Act brought together the three provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Canada (which became the provinces of Ontario and Quebec). The Act defined new laws and structure for the country. Big6:His. Importance.
  • BNA Act

    BNA Act
    Acts and Treaties: The British North America Act unites Ontario, Quebec, Nove Scotia, New Brunswick into he Dominion of Canada. This later accepts, Manitoba, British Columbia and Prince Edward Island. Big Six: Historical Significance: It sets out the dominion of Canada and its constitution. This truely created the country.
  • The 1870 Manitoba election

    The 1870 Manitoba election
    Provincial Notes: The 1870 Manitoba election.
  • Manitoba becomes Canada's fifth province

    Manitoba becomes Canada's fifth province
    Provincial Notes: On May 12, 1870 the Canadian Parliament passed the Manitoba Act creating Canada's fifth province. Its name, Manitoba, was an Assiniboine word meaning "water of the prairie" because of all the lakes and rivers in the area.
  • Red River Rebellions

    Red River Rebellions
    The Rebellion was the first crisis the new government faced following Canadian Confederation in 1867
    BIG SIX: Cause and Consequence
    Cause-The Red River Rebellion was the sequence of events related to the 1869 establishment of a provisional government by the Métis leader Louis Riel and his followers at the Red River Colony (Manitoba).
    consequence- Manitoba became a proivncial in 15 July 1870 and also result in the Manitoba Act
  • British Columbia enters Confederation

    British Columbia enters Confederation
    Notable Events: British Columbia enters Confederation as the nation’s sixth province. BIG SIX: Continuity and change
    Continuity-BC is still one of the province in Canada
    Change- Back then BC could only send three senators and six members of Parliament to Ottawa, but now they became one of the most powerful province and have 28 seats in the House of Commons
  • "O Canada" first performed

    "O Canada" first performed
    Notable Events: our national anthem "O Canada" first performed
  • Canada, control of the Arctic island

    Canada, control of the Arctic island
    Colonies & Selttlements: The United Kingdom gives Canada control of the Arctic islands (The Canadian Arctic Archipelago).
  • Canadian Pacific Railway Completed

    Canadian Pacific Railway Completed
    Created to unite Canada together, the CPR was completed on November 7, 1885 - six years ahead of schedule - when the last spike was driven at Craigellachie, B.C.

    BIG SIX: Historical Significance-Headquartered in Calgary, Alberta, it owns approximately 23,000 kilometres (14,000 mi) of track all across Canada and into the United States,[1] stretching from Montreal to Vancouver, and as far north as Edmonton. Its rail network also serves major cities in the United States, such as Minneapolis...etc
  • Metis leader Louis Riel is hanged

    Metis leader Louis Riel is hanged
    Colonies & Setlements: Metis leader Louis Riel is hanged for high treason as a result of the North West Rebellion.
  • Ontario election

    Ontario election
    Provincial Notes: Ontario election, Sir Oliver Mowat's Liberals win a sixth consecutive majority
  • Sir John A. Macdonald died

    Sir John A. Macdonald died
    Notable Event: Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald dies in office
  • Wilfrid Laurier becomes prime minister

    Wilfrid Laurier becomes prime minister
    Governors & PMs: Liberal Wilfrid Laurier becomes prime minister after defeating Charles Tupper’s Conservatives. Laurier goes on to be one of Canada’s most lauded prime ministers. BIG SIX: Cause and consequences
    Cause: The death of John A Mcdonald
    Consequence: He settled Manitoba schools question, oversaw creation of SK and AB and formed Department of External affairs.
  • South Africa and the Boer War.

    South Africa and the Boer War.
    Wars and Battles: More than 1,000 Canadian soldiers set sail from Quebec to South Africa and the Boer War.
  • Battle of Paardeberg begins

    Battle of Paardeberg begins
    Wars and Battles: n 18 February 1900, British forces began to besiege a Boer army commanded by General Piet Cronje at Paardeberg Drift on the banks of the Modder River
  • Canada competes in the Olympics

    Canada competes in the Olympics
    Notale Events: Canada competes in the Olympics, in St. Louis, for the first time
  • Alberta and Saskatchewan became official provinces

    Alberta and Saskatchewan became official provinces
    Documents Acts & Treaties: Acts proclaiming Alberta and Saskatchewan as Canada’s newest provinces receive royal assent. BIG SIX: Historical Significance
    Became the central area of Canada and full of natural resources and oil.
  • Tobacco Restraint Act

    Tobacco Restraint Act
    Treaties and Acts: The Parliament passed the Tobacco Restraint Act prohibiting the sale of tobacco to person under 16, and prohibiting them from purchasing or possessing tobacco.
  • Robert Borden

    Robert Borden
    Govenors and Prime Ministers: Robert Boren becomes the eigths Canadian Prime Minister
  • Canada in WW1

    Canada in WW1
    Wars & Battles: Following Germany’s invasion of Belgium, Britain declares war on Germany. Canada, as part of the British Empire, is engaged in the war as well. BIG SIX: Cause and Consequence
    Cause- Militarism, Alliance System, Imperialism, Nationalism
    Consequence: stronger army, lost of soldiers, use of money, developed weapons, Peeace treaty...etc
  • Canadians fighting at Vimy Ridge

    Canadians fighting at Vimy Ridge
    Clonies & Settlements: The Canadian Corps attacks German positions on Vimy Ridge in France, a key piece of land held by the Germans since 1914. Six days later, fighting ends with the Canadians victorious despite the loss of 3,600 troops. BIG SIX- Primary source
  • Canadian women win the right to vote

    Canadian women win the right to vote
    Notable Events: Canadian women win the right to vote in federal elections.
  • First woman in Parliament

    First woman in Parliament
    Governors & PMs: Agnes Macphail becomes the first woman elected to Parliament. BIG SIX: Primary Source - picture
    Portrait by Yousuf Karsh in1934
  • First Canadian Nobel Prize Winner

    First Canadian Nobel Prize Winner
    Notable Events: Frederick Banting and J.J.R. Macleod are first Canadians to win a Nobel prize, for their work that led to discovery of insulin.
  • Newfoundland wins a 25-year boundary dispute

    Newfoundland wins a 25-year boundary dispute
    Provincial Notes: The British dominion of Newfoundland wins a 25-year boundary dispute with Canada. Labrador, which had been claimed by Quebec, is awarded to Newfoundland.
  • Allowing women in the Senate

    Allowing women in the Senate
    Governors & PMs: The Supreme Court rules that women are not persons, and therefore are not eligible to sit in Senate. The government later amends the British North America Act to allow women to enter Senate.
  • Canada’s First Woman Senator

    Canada’s First Woman Senator
    Governors & PMs: Canada’s first woman senator, Cairine Wilson, is appointed. BIG SIX: Primary Source of the painting, painted in 1930 by G Horne Russell
  • AB, SK, MB gained control of its natural resources

    AB, SK, MB gained control of its natural resources
    Provincial note: After negotiations with Ottawa, Alberta gains control of its natural resources. Saskatchewan and Manitoba also receive the same power that same year.
  • Bank of Canada Act and the creation of central bank

    Bank of Canada Act and the creation of central bank
    Documents Acts & Treaties: Parliament passes the Bank of Canada Act, creating a central bank.
  • Beggining of WW2

    Beggining of WW2
    Wars & Battles: Canada declares war on Nazi Germany. BIG SIX: Historical Significance
    Canada carried out a vital role in the Battle of the Atlantic and the air war over Germany, and contributed forces to the campaigns of western Europe beyond what might be expected of a small nation of then only 11 million people.
  • Canada declares war on Japan

    Canada declares war on Japan
    Wars and battles: Canada declares war on Japan after its attack on Pearl Harbor.
  • Shift for Japanese Canadian

    Shift for Japanese Canadian
    Colonies and Settlements: The Canadian government announces plans to move all Japanese on Canada’s West Coast inland to camps. BIG SIX: The ethical dimension, now we consider forcibly relocating all the Japanese Canadian is infringing apon their right and morally wrong. But back then people thought for the safety of the country it wasn't a wrong choice.
  • Allowing women to enlist in army

    Allowing women to enlist in army
    Notable Events: The federal government allows women to enlist in the army.
  • The Canadian Citizenship Act

    The Canadian Citizenship Act
    Documents Acts & Treaties: The Canadian Citizenship Act is passed, meaning a Canadian citizen is no longer classified as British subject first.
  • Canada enters the North and South Korea war

    Canada enters the North and South Korea war
    Wars and Battles: The 2nd Battalion, Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry, begins disembarking in Pusan as Canada enters the war between North and South Korea.
  • Constitutional amendmen for all Canadians over 70

    Constitutional amendmen for all Canadians over 70
    Document Acts and Treaties: Parliament passes a motion seeking a constitutional amendment that would create pensions for all Canadians over 70.
  • Canada’s first television station

    Canada’s first television station
    Notable Event: Canada’s first television station, CBFT Montreal, begins broadcasting.
  • PM John Diefenbaker

    PM John Diefenbaker
    September 18, 1895 – August 16, 1979) was the 13th Prime Minister of Canada, serving from June 21, 1957, to April 22, 1963. He was the only PM from Saskatchewan. BIG SIX: Historical Significance. He was the only Progressive Conservative (PC or Tory) party leader between 1930 and 1979 to lead the party to an election victory, doing so three times, although only once with a majority of seats in the Canadian House of Commons.
  • The Bill of Rights, specifying the rights of Canadians

    The Bill of Rights, specifying the rights of Canadians
    Document Acts and Treaties: The Bill of Rights, specifying the rights of Canadians, becomes law. BIG SIX: Historical Significance. The 1960 Canadian Bill of Rights was the country’s first federal law to protect human rights and fundamental freedom.
  • Saskatchewan’s Medical Care Insurance Act

    Saskatchewan’s Medical Care Insurance Act
    Provincial Notes: Saskatchewan’s Medical Care Insurance Act takes effect, creating Canada’s first comprehensive public health-care program.
  • PM-lester bowles pearson

    PM-lester bowles pearson
    Governors and PMs: He was the 14th Prime Minister of Canada from 22 April 1963 to 20 April 1968. E, brought up the Canadian maple leaf flag.
  • Canadian Maple Leaf Flag

    Canadian Maple Leaf Flag
    Notable Events: A new Canadian flag – red maple leaf on white background between two red bars- wins the approval of Parliament.
  • The Oct Crisis

    The Oct Crisis
    Notable Events: The October Crisis begins as the Front de Liberation du Quebec kidnaps British diplomat James Cross and, later, Labour Minister Pierre Laporte. Trudeau invokes the War Measures Act, which allows government to temporarily suspend civil liberties. Cross is released 60 days later but Laporte is found dead.
  • Bill abolishing the death penalty

    Bill abolishing the death penalty
    Doucument Acts and Treaties: The House of Commons approves, by just eight votes, a bill abolishing the death penalty.
  • Montreal hosts the Summer Olympics.

    Montreal hosts the Summer Olympics.
    Provincial Notes: Montreal hosts the Summer Olympics. BIG SIX: Historical Significance
    It was the first Olympic Games hosted by Canada. Montreal was awarded the rights to the 1976 Games on May 12, 1970, at the 69th IOC Session in Amsterdam, over the bids of Moscow and Los Angeles. Calgary and Vancouver would later host Winter Olympic Games in Canada.
  • Rene Levesque’s separatist Parti Quebecois wins an election

    Rene Levesque’s separatist Parti Quebecois wins an election
    Notable Events: Rene Levesque’s separatist Parti Quebecois wins a stunning election victory in Quebec.
  • PM- pierre trudeau

    PM- pierre trudeau
    Governors and PMs: He is the 15th Prime Minister of Canada from April 20, 1968, to June 4, 1979, and again from March 3, 1980, to June 30, 1984. BIG SIX: Historical Significance
    He was famous for his youthful energy, his stance against a separate Quebec and suppressing violent revolt. Brought out the War Measure Act, Ne Constitution Act and made Canada bilingual.
  • Terry Fox’s Marathon of Hope

    Terry Fox’s Marathon of Hope
    Notable Events: Terry Fox’s Marathon of Hope, his one-legged run across Canada to raise money for cancer research, ends abruptly near Thunder Bay, Ont., when his cancer returns.
  • Canada introduces a $1 coin

    Canada introduces a $1 coin
    Notable Event: Canada introduces a $1 coin, commonly called loonie; the dollar bill is withdrawn in 1989.
  • The Winter Olympics open in Calgary.

    The Winter Olympics open in Calgary.
    Provincial Notes: The Winter Olympics open in Calgary.
  • Kim Campbell - First Female PM in Canada

    Kim Campbell - First Female PM in Canada
    She is a Canadian politician, lawyer, university lecturer, diplomat, and writer. BIG SIX: Historical Significance
    She is the first female PM of Canada in history
  • Canada’s new $2 coins

    Canada’s new $2 coins
    Notable Events: Canada’s new $2 coin, dubbed the “toonie,” is introduced.
  • Confederation Bridge linking Prince Edward Island and mainland.

    Confederation Bridge linking Prince Edward Island and mainland.
    Provincial Notes: The Confederation Bridge opens, linking Prince Edward Island to the mainland.
  • Nunavut is carved out of the eastern Northwest Territories

    Nunavut is carved out of the eastern Northwest Territories
    Provincial Notes: Canada’s newest territory, Nunavut, is carved out of the eastern Northwest Territories.