Canada's involvement in international human rights protection since WWII

  • WWII End

    WWII End
    September 2 1945, WWII offical ended.
  • The Gray Lecture

    The Gray Lecture
    Lous St. Laurent gives a lecture at the University of Toronto entitled the Gray Lecture, including: national unity, political liberty, rule of law in national and international affairs, values of Christian civilization, acceptance of international responsibility in keeping with Canada's conception of its role in international affairs.
  • Human Rights - John Peters Humphrey

    Human Rights - John Peters Humphrey
    Proclamation of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, of which Canadian John Peters Humphrey is the primary author.
  • Canada and the NATO

    Canada and the NATO
    Canada signed the North Atlantic Treaty in Washington, DC, creating the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), with the mandate to ensure the collective military security of all members. Canada was the first country to vote for the ratification of the North Atlantic Treaty Alliance.
  • Korean War

    Korean War
    The first Canadian Troops enter Korea to join the Korean War.
  • Canadian Supervision

    Canadian Supervision
    Canada supervised the ceasefire in Indochina, as part of the International Control Commission (ICC) along with Poland and India for the next 18 years.
  • Nobel Peace Prize

    Nobel Peace Prize
    Lester B. Pearson receives the Nobel Peace Prize for his role in the establishment of the United Nations Emergency Force.
  • Commonwealth Conference

    Commonwealth Conference
    South Africa with racist policies against its black majority, Prime Minister John Diefenbaker sides with African and Asian members at the Commonwealth Conference in India, and was the only leader of a predominantly white country to oppose that South Africa's application for renewed Commonwealth membership.
  • Canadian Peacekeepers

    Canadian Peacekeepers
    Canadian peacekeepers in Cyprus to help restore stability and security amongst the Greek and Turkish Cypriots. To this day, there is a Canadian peacekeeping protecting the island.
  • Lester Pearson Priority

    Lester Pearson Priority
    Lester Pearson's priority is the acceptance of international responsibility in accordance with Canada's interest and ability to contribute to international peacebuilding
  • Canada recognizes Communist China

    Canada recognizes Communist China
    Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau recognizes Communist China.
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    Competitiveness and security priorities

    Brian Mulroney's "Competitiveness and Security" priorities
    1. Unity
    2. Sovereignty and Independence
    3. Justice and Democracy
    4. Peace and Security
    5. Economic Prosperity
    6. Integrity of the Natural Environment
  • Canadian Apology

    Canadian Apology
    The Mulroney government formally apologizes to the Japanese Canadian families whose properties were taken from them during the Second World War.
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    Persian Gulf War

    Following the Iraq invasion of Kuwait August 2, 1990, Canada condemns the invasion, imposes sanctions on Iraq and freezes Iraqi assets in Canada. Canada joins a coalition of thirty-four countries to remove Iraq from Kuwait. Canadian Forces personnel are deployed at various times. Canada undertakes both naval and air operations, the latter at times in a direct combat role.
  • Summit For Children

    Summit For Children
    Canada co-sponsors the United Nations World Summit for Children, held at UN headquarters.
  • Peacekeeping

    Canada recognizes the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and announces that it will contribute troops to subsequent UN peacekeeping operations.
  • Canadian Airborne

    Canadian Airborne
    An advance party of Canadian Airborne peacekeepers arrives at Baledogle, Somalia, as part of the UNOSOM mission.
  • Middle East

    Middle East
    Canada participates in the multilateral process of the Middle East Peace Talks, chairing the Refugee Working Group and participating in the other working groups, including those on water resources and the environment.
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    Haiti Peaekeeping

    Canadian troops arrive in Haiti as part of the first peacekeeping mission.
  • "Canada in the World"

    The Liberal government launches a major review of Canada's foreign policy. The result, "Canada in the World" sets out three major foreign policies:
    • The protection of Canadian security within a stable global framework,
    • The promotion of prosperity and employment
    • The promotion of Canadian values and culture.

    Canada contributes to the establishment of SHIRBRIG - The Multinational Stand-By High Readiness Brigade for United Nations Operations - a multinational brigade that can be made available to the UN as a rapidly deployable peacekeeping force.
  • Child Labour Challenge Fund

    Child Labour Challenge Fund
    Minister Axworthy announces the creation of the Child Labour Challenge Fund, which provides up to $200,000 annually to fund private sector initiatives aimed at addressing child labour exploitation internationally.
  • Child Soldiers

    Child Soldiers
    The Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers is created, with Canada as a major funder.
  • New Act of Canada

    New Act of Canada
    Canada enacted the Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes Act, becoming the first country in the world to adopt comprehensive legislation implementing the Rome Statute of the ICC.
  • Rights of a Child

    Canada ratifies the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict.
  • UN peacekeeping Mission

    UN peacekeeping Mission
    The Government sends Canadian peacekeepers to Ethiopia and Eritrea as part of the UN mission
  • 9/11 Terrorist Attack

    9/11 Terrorist Attack
    Terrorists attack and destroy the World Trade Centre towers in New York. Some 200 planes are diverted to Canadian airports across the country. Canadians provide assistance to thousands of stranded Americans and other passengers, particularly in Atlantic Canada.
  • Afghanistan Peacekeeping

    Afghanistan Peacekeeping
    The United Nations established the International Security Assistance Force for Afghanistan, a NATO-led mission intended to drive out the Taliban and help build a stable, democratic and self-sufficiant Afghan society. Canada contributes troops and fighter pilots to this "coalition of the willing".
  • Same Sex Marriage

    Same Sex Marriage
    Parliament passes Bill C-38: The Civil Marriage Act. The Act extends marriage rights to same-sex couples, making Canada the fourth country in the world to take such a step.
  • War on Terror

    War on Terror
    After the attack of the twin towers, WOT, an international military campaign, was created. This Campain was lead by the US and UK, with the support of NATO countries, which will include Canada.