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Canada History 1945 - 2000

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    Canada History 1945-2000

  • Cold War Begins

    The Cold War was a war between the united states and the soviet union. The reason they call it the cold war was because they never really got into a real fight. The reason the cold war started was because the S.U. and the U.S. wanted to see who was more powerful.
  • Newfoundland Joins Confederation

    Newfoundland joins Confederation fufilling John A. Macdonald's dream of having a Nation stretching from Coast to Coast
  • Canada Join NATO

    Canada took part in the founding of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • Korean War Begins

    The Korean War starts. Twenty-seven thousand Canadians serve
  • Canadian Census

    Census shows population as just over 14 million.
  • Immigration Act of 1952

    The Legislation determined what kind of Immigrants were allowed into Canada with restrictions such as British preferred citizens and straight.
  • Korean War Ends

    more than 1 600 Canadian soldiers are killed or wounded.
  • Avro Arrow

    The Avro Arrow (CF-105) was a advanced supersonic twin engine jet aircraft. Made by A.V. Roe from Canada in 1949. Due to controversy the government shut down the project. It was said to be the most advanced and most powerful aircraft of its time.
  • Warsaw Pact

    The Warsaw Pact or Warsaw Treaty was a mutual military organization lead by Soviet Russia as an act to stop or counter the NATO alliance which Canada was apart of. Their main goal was to act as a threat to NATO.
  • Vietnam War Begins

    While the Cold War was being held, United States attempted to stop Communist Northern Vietnamese forces. Canada acted as the peacemaker but actually backed up the US forces.
  • Canada Joins NORAD

    2 air forces in a difficult task and keeping Canadian airmen in touch with doctrine and policy while keeping them airbourne.
  • Quiet Revolution

    The Quiet Revolution was a time of rapid change experienced in Québec during the 1960s. This mainly affected social political and cultural change in Quebec.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Soviet missiles were stationed in Cuba which acted as a threat towards the United States and Canada which almost led the world to a nuclear war.
  • Lester Pearson PM

    Pearson was a skilled politician who rebuilt the Liberal Party and as a Prime Minister he was determined to keep Canada's National Unity. Through his time as Prime Minister he implemented a Canadian Pension Plan, Universal Medicare system, a unified armed force and a new flag.
  • National Medicare Act

    Medicare was a system to ensure every Canadian citizen had medical care and hosptial treatment at the cost of a Medicare tax payment.
  • Pierre Trudeau

    Trudeau was arguably Canada’s best-known politician, both at home and abroad. He single handedly negotiated the Consitutional Independence from the British Parliament and established a Canadian Constitution along with an enhanced Charter of Rights. Trudeau also brought in the Official Languages Act in 1969, making
  • Canada's Official Languages

    English and French are both recognized as offical languages by the federal government.
  • White Paper

    The White Paper is a government document which outlines both government policy on an issue and possible future action, including legislation.
  • October Crisis

    The October Crisis of 1970 was the kidnapping of James Cross, the british trade commisioner in Montreal. This rapidly turned into the most serious terrorist act after the kidnapping and murder of Pierre Laporte.
  • Vietnamese War Ends

    At the end of the Vietnam War, Canada ended with a large scale refugee movement of out South Vietnam. Canada accepted more than 5600 Vietnamese in 1975 and 1976 also an additional 50000 refugees from the second wave of people these people were known as the "Boat People".
  • Immigration Act of 1978

    The immigration act of 1978 made Canada into the country it is today.
    This act gave more power to the provinces to set their own immigration laws.
  • Constitution Act 1982

    The Constitution Act is Canada. It is the Charter of Rights and Freedoms and what makes Canadians free to make changes for Canada. Without the act, Britain would still have to agree to any constitutional changes, giving them the control. It is why Canadians are guaranteed the freedom of speech, association, belief, religion, press, and assembly, and why Canadians are allowed to freely move within the country and even leave it. Without the act (and the charter) there would be no official languag
  • Jean Sauve

    As the first female governor general of Canada (14 May 1984), Sauve proceeded to put in a management system suitable to modern needs. Thanks to her personality, she commanded respect for her attitude, opinions and pronouncements on major domestic and foreign issues of the day.
  • Canadian Multicultural Act

    The Canadian Multicultural Act made it so Canada would recognize and respect its society including diversity in languages, customs, religions, and so on. Later Aboriginal rights and Canada’s official languages were also set. Canada was the first to adopt the Multiculturalism Act
  • Meech Lake Accord

    The Meech Lake Accord was a package of proposed amendments to the Constitution of Canada negotiated in 1987 by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and the 10 provincials.
  • Canada Gulf War

    In response to the UAE and Kuwait's "economic warfare", Saddam Hussein, leader of Iraq invaded Kuwait with a force of 100 000. The UN was quick to impose a trading embargo, which did nothing to stops Iraq's declaration of Kuwait as a province. It wasn't until after 2.5 months of US military involvement that Iraq eventually agreed to a cease-fire. Canada, under PM Mulroney, was quick to condemn the Iraqi invasion and join the US led mission. Mulroney's government increased Canada-US relations
  • Oka Standoff

    The Oka Crisis was a 78-day standoff where the expansion of a Golf Course and the building of condominiums were about to be built on a Mohawk burial ground.
  • Oka Crisis

    The Oka Crisis was a land dispute between a group of Mohawk people and the town of Oka, Quebec,
  • Cold War Ends

    After the Cold War Canada contributed a global peacekeeping operations throughout the world including areas split by Communist and Anti-Communist factions.
  • Charlotte Town Accord

    The Charlottetown Accord of 1992 was a failed, joint attempt by the government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and all 10 provincial premiers to amend the Canadian Constitution, specifically to obtain Quebec's consent to the Constitution Act of 1982.
  • NAFTA agreement

    North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) The agreement of free trade between America, Canada and Mexico. The agreement eliminated all distrubution acts and invesment barriers. This was a step forward to Americanization increasing the dependence on America.
  • Kyoto Accord

    The Kyoto Accord was the agreement to emit less greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Many had agreed to the act but many dropped out of it , including Canada. Canada has now doubled the limit which was set many years ago.
  • Nisga Treaty

    Final Agreement is British Columbia's first modern treaty. A landmark in the relationship between Canada and its Aboriginal peoples
  • Nunavut Becomes a Territory

    Nunavut is the newest addition to Canada. It is the most northern and large piece of land there is to Canada. It was officialy seperated from Northwest Territories in 1999.