Schools of Literary Thought Timeline

  • 221


    It has been told that the first compass was made during the Qin dynasty in China.(B.C)
  • Mar 25, 1280

    The Canterbury Tales Geoffrey Chaucer

  • Period: Mar 24, 1300 to Mar 24, 1500

    Late Middle Ages

    Prosperity and growth in Europe came to a halt in these years.
  • Period: Mar 24, 1301 to

    The Renaissance

    Cultural movement which began in Italy, literature bloomed in this period.
  • Mar 25, 1301


    Firearms were invented in the 14th century in China and then it spread to the middle east and Europe for battle offensive purposes.
  • Period: Mar 24, 1343 to Oct 25, 1400

    Geoffrey Chaucer

    Known as the father of English literature. FAMOUS TEXT: The Canterbury Tales
  • Period: Mar 24, 1398 to Feb 3, 1468

    Johannes Gutenburg

    a publisher who introduced printing to Europe.
  • Mar 25, 1450


    was a type of press that used ink to project writing or an image on paper or cloth. It was invented by Johannes Gutenberg
  • Period: Mar 24, 1480 to Apr 27, 1521

    Ferdinand Magellan

    A Portuguese explorer whose expedition became the first to travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean, and he also completed the first circumnavigation around the Earth.
  • Period: Nov 10, 1483 to Feb 18, 1546

    Martin Luther

    Martin Luther was a German monk who was one of the supporters of the Protestant Reformation. Famous Text: A Mighty Fortress Is Our God.
  • Period: Mar 24, 1501 to

    The Reformation

    Prostest initiated by Martin Luther against the practises of the Roman Catholic Church.
  • Period: Mar 24, 1514 to Nov 24, 1572

    John Knox

    John Knox was a Scottish priest who led the Protestant Reformation, which called for changes to the Church of Scotland. Famous Text: The History of the Reformation In Scotland.
  • Period: Mar 25, 1519 to Mar 25, 1522

    First man to circumnavigate the globe

    Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer, was the first man to circumnavigate the globe.
  • Period: Jan 22, 1554 to

    Sir Walter Raleigh

    was an English writer, poet, soldier and explorer. Famous Text: “What is our life”
  • Period: Mar 24, 1558 to

    The Elizabethan Era

    The 'Golden Age," The period of Queen Elizabeth's reign.
  • Period: Feb 15, 1564 to


    Galileo was an Italian mathematician, physicist, philosopher and astronomer. Famous Text: Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems
  • Period: Feb 26, 1564 to

    Christopher Marlowe

    was an English poet, translator and dramatist, famous for his influence on Shakespeare’s writing and his mysterious early death. FAMOUS TEXT: The Jew of Malta
  • Period: Apr 23, 1564 to

    William Shakespeare

    William Shakespeare was an English plawright anf poet. FAMOUS TEXT: Romeo and Juliet.
  • Period: Jan 22, 1572 to

    John Donne

    English poet, lawyer and priest for the Church of England. Famous Text: Pseudo- Martyr
  • Period: to

    George Herbert

    George Herbert was an English poet, public speaker and Anglican Priest. Famous Text: ‘Easter Wings’
  • Period: to

    The Enlightenment

    It promoted scientific thoughts and scepticism.
  • Doctor Faustus- Christopher Marlow

  • Macbeth- William Shakespeare

  • Period: to

    John Milton

    Was an English Polemist and poet who had strong views on marriage and divorce. Famous Text: Paradise Lost.
  • Let me not to the marriage of true minds- William Shakespeare

  • Validictation: forbidding mourning- John Donne

  • Period: to

    Andrew Marvell

    English poet and politician. Famous text: To coy his mistress.
  • To his Coy Mistress- Andrew Marvell

  • The Earth revolved around the sun (not v/v)

    Newtons law of gravitation proved that the earth revolves around the sun.
  • Period: to

    William Blake

    An English poet, painter and printmaker. FAMOUS TEXT: The Marriage of Heaven and Hell.
  • Period: to

    The American War of Independence

    Involved several countries, with France and Britain on opposing sides, and was ended by the Treaty of Paris
  • Period: to

    Jane Austen

    Jane Austen was an English novelist who wrote many popular romantic novels and is now considered one of the most widely read authors. FAMOUS TEXT: Pride and Prejudice
  • Period: to

    The French Revolution

    The French Revolution started because people wanted liberty and equality.
  • Captain Arthur Philip arrives in Australia

    Captain Arthur Phillip arrived in Australia on the 18th of January, and then settled in Sydney Cove on the 25th January.
  • Songs of Innocence- William Blake

  • Period: to

    Age of Reason

    A book which challenged the legitimacy of the bible and Christianity
  • Songs of Experience- William Blake

  • Tyger Tyger- William Blake

  • Period: to


    An artistic movement in Europe which was a revolt to political terms.
  • Period: to

    Social Realism

    An art movement which drew attention to the everyday lives of the poor.
  • Period: to


    Development of Western cities and industrial societies.
  • Period: to

    Alexandre Dumas

    Alexandre Dumas was a French writer best known for his adventure novels. FAMOUS TEXT: The Count of Monte Cristo
  • Period: to

    William Makepeace Thackeray

    was an English novelist famous for his works about the English society. FAMOUS TEXT: Vanity Fair
  • Period: to

    Charles Dickens

    Charles Dickens was an English writer and social critic. Famous Text: The Adventures of Oliver Twist
  • Pride and Prejudice- Jane Austen

  • Period: to

    Charlotte Bronte

    Charlotte Bronte was an English novelist and the eldest of the three Bronte sisters. FAMOUS TEXT: Jane Eyre, under the pen name Currer Bell
  • Frankenstein- Mary Shelley

  • Period: to

    Emily Bronte

    Bronte was an English novelist and poet, best known for writing one of the classics in English literature. FAMOUS TEXT: Wuthering Heights
  • Period: to

    George Eliot

    Mary Anne Evans, who published under the pen name George Eliot, was an English novelist, journalist and translator. FAMOUS TEXT: Middlemarch
  • Period: to

    Leo Tolstoy

    Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy was a Russian writer of short stories and novels. FAMOUS TEXT: War and Peace
  • Period: to

    Louisa May Alcott

    Louisa May Alcott was an American novelist who wrote to support her family, under the pen name A. M. Barnard. FAMOUS TEXT: Little Women.
  • Period: to

    Mark Twain

    Samuel Langhorne Clemens, better known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American author and humourist. FAMOUS TEXT: The Adventures of Tom Sawyer.
  • Period: to

    The Victorian Era

    The period of Queen Victoria's reign.
  • Period: to

    Thomas Hardy

    Hardy was and English poet and author. Famous Text: A Pair of Blue Eyes.
  • The Count of Monte Cristo- Alexandre Dumas

  • The Three Musketeers- Alexandre Dumas

  • Wuthering Heights- Emily Bronte

  • Jane Eyre -Charlotte Bronte

  • David Copperfield- Charles Dickens

  • Period: to

    Robert Louis Stevenson

    Robert Louis Stephenson was a Scottish novelist and poet. Famous Text- Treasure Island
  • Period: to

    Education is compulsory in England/Australia/America

    In Australia and England education became compulsory in 1880 and in America the law passed in 1852.
  • Period: to

    Oscar Wilde

    Was an Irish writer and poet who later became one of London’s most popular playwrights. FAMOUS TEXT: An Ideal Husband
  • Period: to

    Male universal suffrage in England/Australia/New Zealand/America

    in Australia men got the vote in 1856. In New Zealand men got to vote in 1879. In America Caucasian men got the vote in 1856 however people that were not white only got the vote in 1870. In England men got the vote in 1867.
  • Period: to

    George Bernard Shaw

    George Bernard Shaw was an Irish playwright and the founder of the London School of Economics. FAMOUS TEXT: An Unsocial Socialist.
  • Period: to

    Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

    Arthur Conan Doyle was a Scottish writer and physician who wrote one of the most notable crime fiction stories. FAMOUS TEXT: Sherlock Holmes.
  • The Mill on the Floss- George Elliot

  • Period: to

    The American Civil War

    The southern parts of America (slaves/confederacy) led by Lincoln fought against the North of America for freedom.
  • War and Peace- Leo Tolstoy

  • Little Women- Louisa May Alcott

  • Period: to

    LM Montgomery

    was a Canadian author. Famous Text: Anne of Green Gables.
  • Period: to

    James Joyce

    An Irish poet and novelist considered to be one of the most influential writers in the 20th century. FAMOUS TEXT: A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man
  • In England various Factory Acts are passed to safeguard workers and children

    In 1833 the Government passed a Factory Act to improve conditions for children working in factories. The rules were no children below the age 9 were to work, 9-13 years old work for 9 hours a day and 13 to 18 years old work for 13 hours a day.
  • The Adventures of Huckleberry Fin- Mark Twain

  • Kidnapped- Robert Louis Stevenson

  • Period: to

    TS Elliot

    TS Elliot was a literary and social critic, as well as a publisher and playwright. Famous Text: Dante
  • Tess of the D’Urbervilles- Thomas Hardy

  • Period: to

    Women get the vote in England/Australia/New Zealand/America

    1893 New Zealand grants equal voting rights to women. 1902 Australia fully grants the vote for women. 1918 The United Kingdom gives a full vote to women of age 30 and older. 1920 American women full rights to vote.
  • The Hound of the Baskervilles- Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

  • Period: to

    Francis Bacon

    was a figurative painter from Ireland famous for bold and graphic works.
  • Period: to

    World War 1

    Austria-Hungary initiated World War I by declaring war on Serbia in July 1914 because of the assassination of the Austrian-Hungarian Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand by the Black Hand Gang (freedom fighters).
  • The Love Song of J Alfred Prufrock- T. S. Elliot

  • The Sniper- Liam O’Flaherty

  • Period: to

    World War 2

    World War Two began in September 1939 when Britain and France declared war on Germany for the invasion of Poland.
  • Period: to


    Postmodernism used literary techniques such as paradox
  • Terry Pratchett

    Terry Pratchett is an English writer of fantasy and comical novels. Famous Text: The Carpet People
  • Period: to


    The United States feared that Vietnam would be taken over by communists, so they sent troops there to fight Viet-Kong to stop the spread of communism.
  • Man first walks on the moon

    Neil Armstrong became the first man to land on the moon onboard the Apollo 11 spacecraft.

    The first hand-held mobile phone was created and demonstrated by John F. Mitchell and Dr Martin Cooper of Motorola.
  • Period: to

    1st Gulf War

    the Gulf war (1990-1991) started because of Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait for their oil.
  • Chloe Langfield

  • Period: to

    2nd Gulf War

    The 2nd Gulf war (2003-2011) was when the Americans got angry because of Iraq invading Kuwait for oil. The Americans joined in to help fight off the Iraqis

    the Chinese had invented gunpowder in the 9th century for decorations like fireworks