Rise of Civilization_Hesseltine

  • Jan 1, 1000

    Old Stone Age begins 40,000 BCE

    The Paleolithic Era known for the cration of stone tools. It emerged with Homo habilis and reached its peak with our species, Homo sapiens, which appeared about 200,000 years ago. It lasted until about 10,000 BCE.
  • Jan 1, 1001

    New Stone Age begins 10,000 BCE

    The Neolithic Era was a period of development for human technology. It was also marked the beginning of farming.
  • Jan 1, 1002

    Regular use of Bronze in Egypt and Mesopotamia 4000 BCE

    At first, people of Egypt and Mesopotamia used bronze to make staues for their pyramids and tombs. After awhile, they used bronze for everyday things like tools and weapons.
  • Jan 1, 1003

    Sumerian cities emerge in southern Mesopotamia 3200 BCE

    The Sumerians began to form large city-states in southern Mesopotamia that controlled areas of several hundred square miles. Theys were constantly at war with one another and other peoples for resources and water.
  • Jan 4, 1003

    Cuneiform writing begins 3200 BCE

    Cuneiform emerged from the Sumerian civilizations in Mesopotamia. It is made up of characters formed by the arrangement of small wedge-shaped elements.
  • Oct 1, 1003

    Period of Egyptian Civilization 3100 BCE

    Ancient Egypt was a civilization concentrated along the lower Nile River in what is now the modern country of Egypt. For almost 30 centuries ancient Egypt was the preeminent civilization in the Mediterranean world.
  • Oct 4, 1003

    Upper and Lower Egypt united by King Menes 3100 BCE

    King Menes was an ancient Egyptian pharaoh who founded the first dynasty. He unified the fueding Lower Egyptians of the Nile and the Upper Egyptians that lived in the mountains.
  • Jan 1, 1004

    Egyptians build first pramids 2650 BCE

    The first pyramid was built for King Zoser. It is known as a Step-Pyramid because it does not have a true pyramid shape but rises to the top in five giant steps
  • Aug 1, 1004

    Sargon of Akkad builds first known empire 2334 BCE

    Sargon was a very popular and powerful king who conquered many civilizations from the Mediterranean to the Persian Gulf. He built the first city of Babylon and he reigned for 56 years.
  • Jan 1, 1005

    Babylonian Empire 1792-539 BCE

    An ancient empire of Mesopotamia in the Euphrates River valley. It flourished under Hammurabi and Nebuchadnezzar II but declined after 562 BCE and fell to the Persians in 539 BCE.
  • Mar 1, 1005

    Code of Hammurabi completed 1790 BCE

    The Code of Hammurabi is a set of laws established by Hammurabi and are considered the oldest laws in history. It was the first attempt to codify, or have order in a law system.
  • Nov 1, 1005

    Phoenicians 1500-300 BCE

    Phoenicia was an ancient civilization comprised of independent city-states which lay along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. The Phoenicians were a great maritime people, known for their mighty ships adorned with horses’ heads. Phoenicians are creditied as the birthplace of the alphabet.
  • Jan 1, 1006

    Hittites develop iron 1400 BCE

    The Hittites were forerunners of the Iron Age, developing the manufacture of iron artifacts. Iron was so rare and precious that it was employed only in prestige goods.
  • Oct 1, 1006

    Kingdom of Israel established 1000 BCE

    The kingdom was established by the Israelites and united them under one king. The Kingdom of Israel existed as an independent state until it was conquered by the Assyrians in 722 BCE.
  • Jan 1, 1007

    Babylon flourishes under King Nebuchadnezzar 605-562 BCE

    King Nebuchadnezzar made Babylon one of the wonders of the ancient world. He was the first Babylonian king to rule Egypt and he completely reconstructed the city, making it absolutely beautiful.
  • Mar 1, 1007

    Cyrus the Great's Persian armies capture Babylon 593 BCE

    Cyrus's army was able to conquer Babylon by diverting the flow of the Euphrates River into irrigation channels. He was then able to lower the level of the river flowing into the city enough so that his armies could storm the city from the river bank.
  • May 1, 1007

    King Darius develops a set of weights and measurements 490 BCE

    Darius encouraged trade and economic development. He standardized weights and measures and coinage on a that helped trade and the economy.
  • Jan 1, 1009

    Printing invented 1401 CE

    The world's first movable type printing technology was invented and developed in China by Pi-Sheng. He made separate characters of clay, embedded the characters, face up, in a shallow tray lined with warm wax, laid a board across them and pressed it down 'til all the characters were at exactly the same level. When the wax cooled he used his letter tray to print whole pages.