The Roman Empire’s conquest of Celtic lands, followed later by Germanic invasions, pushed Celtic language and culture to the western edge of the European continent.
The first imperial dynasty of China. Goal was to unify political power with a stable economy
Chinese school of thought, originating in the Warring States Period with Laozi. Daoism offered an alternative to the Confucian emphasis on hierarchy and duty
Created by Confucius who started with spreading his beliefs to students. Students then telling evryone and thus the religion was born.
Oct 13, 600
Around 500 BC, metalworkers in the southern state of Wu developed an iron smelting technology that would not be practiced in Europe until late medieval times. In Wu, iron smelters achieved a temperature of 1130°C, hot enough to be considered a blast furnace.
Oct 8, 1000
Celtic Europe includes present day France, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, etc. It was a good for agriculture and trade. It had broad plains, good soil, and a temperate climate.
Oct 8, 1000
In this landscape, agriculture required the coordinated efforts of large numbers of people. Forest needed to be cleared. Dikes were made to keep feilds from flooding.
Oct 13, 1000
The term Celtic refers to a branch of the large Indo-European family of languages found throughout Europe and in western and southern Asia. Scholars link the Celtic language group to archaeological remains first appearing in parts of present-day Germany, Austria, and the Czech Republic after 1000 b.c.e.
Oct 10, 1046
Third dynasty of china. Preceded by Qin Dynasty.
Oct 13, 1046
Mandate Of Heaven
Belief that if a ruler lead fairly for his people then he kept his rule. If he did not then travesty was brought upon his kingdom.
Oct 13, 1200
The center of Olmec civilization was located near the tropical Atlantic coast of what are now the Mexican states of Veracruz and Tabasco. The earliest major center was located at San Lorenzo.
Second dynasty of china. Later succeeded by the Zho.u Dynasty
The Code of Hammurabi is a well-preserved Babylonian law code of ancient Mesopotamia, dating back to about 1772 BC. It is one of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world. The sixth Babylonian king, Hammurabi, enacted the code, and partial copies exist on a human-sized stone steele and various clay tablets.
Roman general Gaius Julius Caesar conquered Gual between 58 and 51 b.c.e. Many Celtic groups in Gaul had once been ruled by kings, but by the time of the Roman invasion they periodically chose public officials, perhaps under Greek and Roman influence.
A more complex civilization evolved in the second and first millennia b.c.e. under the Shang and Zhou dynasties, many of the elements of classical Chinese civilization emerged and spread across East Asia. Early China is isolated by formidable natural barriers: the Himalaya mountain range on the southwest; the Pamir and Tian Mountains and the Takla Makan Desert on the west; and the Gobi Desert
Meroë was the southern capital of the Napata/Meroitic Kingdom, that spanned the period c. 800 BC — c. 350 AD. According to partially deciphered Meroitic texts, the name of the city was Medewi or Bedewi
Warring States Period
It was the second half of the Eastern Zhou era. It is called this because fighting among the states increased.
Chavín inherited many of the cultural and economic characteristics of Caral. Its capital, Chavín de Huantar was located at 10,300 feet in the eastern range of the Andes north of the modern city of Lima.
During the Middle Kingdom Egypt adopted a more aggressive stance toward Nubia. They set up mud-brick forts to regulate flow of trade and protected the southern frontier od Egypt.
Located at the intersection of Asia and Africa, Egypt was protected by surrounding barriers of desert and a harborless, marshy seacoast. Also known as the Gift of The Nile.
The first dynasty of China. Later succeeded by the Shang
The Old Kingdom is the name given to the period in the 3rd millennium BC when Egypt attained its first continuous peak of civilization.
Indus River Civilization
Civilization arose almost as early in South Asia as in Mesopotamia and Egypt. In the fertile floodplain of the Indus River, farming created the food surplus essential to urbanized society.
Possibly the descendants of nomads who had migrated into the Mesopotamian plain from the western desert, these Semites seem to have lived in peace with the Sumerians, adopting their culture and sometimes achieving positions of wealth and power.
The people living in Mesopotamia at the start of the historical period the period for which we have written evidence were the Sumerians. Evidence places them in southern Mesopotamia by 5000 b.c.e.
Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa
Although archaeologists have located several hundred sites, the culture is best known from the remains of two great cities first discovered eighty years ago. Since the ancient names of these cities are unknown, they are referred to by modern names: Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
Cuneiform is a system of writing used for Sumerian to express their own language. It is distinguished by its wedge-shaped marks on clay tablets.
Meaning the land between two rivers. Those two rivers being Tigris and Euphrates.
The earliest form of this system, were picture symbols standing for words, syllables, or individual sounds. Hieroglyphic writing long continued to be used on monuments and ornamental inscriptions
The Bronze Age is a time period characterized by the use of bronze, proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.
Nubia is a region along the Nile river, which is located in northern Sudan and southern Egypt. The name Nubia is derived from that of the Noba people, nomads who settled the area in the 4th century, with the collapse of the kingdom of Meroë.
The Neolithic (New Stone Age), which is associated with the origins of agriculture. Also associated with the ancient Agricultural Revolution. It follows the Paleolithic period.