Farmers vs. EliteAfter the Articles of Confederation had been published, tension started to increase. This tension was between the farmers and the elite in the community. It was mostly over the controversial issue of debt. The farmers and the elite were like the political parties of the time. Their final clash was Shay's Rebellion, Sumer of 1786
(Textbook p. 50)
The Constitutionthe First Amendment of the Constitution says that all people have the right to speak their minds through the press, religion, and petition. This amendment gave people the ability to make up their own minds about issues making it passible for political parties to form.
(Textbook p. 527)
Quote By Thomas JeffersonFavorite Jefferson Quotes"Men by their constitutions are naturally divided into two
parties: 1. Those who fear and distrust the people, and wish to
draw all powers from them into the hands of the higher classes.
2. Those who identify themselves with the people, have confidence
in them, cherish and consider them as the most honest and safe,
although not the most wise depositary of the public interests. In
every country these two parties exist, and in every one where they
are free to think, speak, and write, the
PresidentsSince 1854 when the Republican Party was created there have been eighteen republican presidents and only nine democrat presidents.
(Text book, p. 268)
McConnell v. Federal Election CommisionMcConnell v. FEC was a case about money given to political parties. The issue was whether restricting soft-money contributions (money given to national parties) was a violation of the First Amendment. The main holding in this case was that restricting soft money donations was not a violation of the First Amendment. This case has to do with my question because it is talking about the two political parties and the money that goes into them.
Legislative BranchEach party has a different method for assigning members to committees. In the Senate, the Democratic Steering Committee and the Republican Committee on Committees draw up committee assignments. The Democratic Party then meets to approve the Steering Committees choice. The Republicans do not vote. In the House, The Democratic Steering and Policy Committee makes the choices which are then voted on by the party caucus.
(Textbook p. 184)