how has the pacific sign helped counterculture influence military actions in North America in the 20th century?

  • The creation

    The creation
    Gerald Holot, the British artist and designer, began creating the peace symbol. The symbol is a combination of letters 'D' and 'N' that is connected with 'Nuclear Disarmament' and it was designed especially for the march.
    (photographed by BirchallDanny)
  • Global usage

    Global usage
    Albert Bigelow, a pacific protester, arrived in his small boat, decorated with a flag of peace, at the site of the nuclear tests when it was prohibited as a protest after which he was arrested.
    (photo by Sam Morris from amazon)
  • The acceptance

    The symbol was presented to the Direct Action Committee and also accepted there as a symbol for a march from Trafalgar Square in London to stop military and nuclear actions.
  • The publicy

    The publicy
    The peace sign was seen openly on the 4th of April in 1958 the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament march. After that event, more people began to connect that symbol with kindness and peace in their minds.
    (photo by Getty image)
  • Peace buttons

    Peace buttons
    The symbol was spread to the USA and began to be used as a sign for the counterculture anti-war peace movement. Philip Altbach, a student from the University of Chicago, had imported buttons with peace symbols into the USA by persuading the Student Peace Union to adopt the symbol to make more students know about it.
    (photo from the Pinterest by user Pinbacks, Bobbles, Lunchboxes)
  • Period: to


    More than one thousand peace symbol buttons were sold in colleges, schools, universities among students and now more and more people know that symbol as a sign of counterculture.
  • Period: to

    The outcomes

    Because of the spreading of peace symbols, more and more people were getting to know about the Vietnam War. The beginning of protests and social movements consisted of hippies, children, mothers and other civilians who fought for the abolition of hostilities and the end of the Vietnam War.
  • Hippie influence

    Hippie influence
    In the mid-60s and 70s, hippies played a big influence on the spread of this symbol. It was they who, through the details of their clothes, posters, accessories and decorations of cars, made this sign more famous
    (photo from the Pinterest)
  • March on the Pentagon

    March on the Pentagon
    The march on the Pentagon protest, which was attended by more than 100 thousand people, is now attributed to an anti-war action, which was organized mostly by young people who were part of the counterculture.
    (the author of the photo is the Department of Defense; cataloged under the National Archives Identifier (NAID) 594360)
  • A generic peace symbol

    The symbol became adopted as a generic peace sign in the whole world, especially after the hippie movement and opposition to the Vietnam War in the early 60s and inspired a lot of people to fight for their rights.
  • The prohibition

    The South African government tried to prohibit using of peace symbols by opponents of apartheid because of incorrect impact on the improvement of politics and economics.
  • The end of Vietnam War

    The end of Vietnam War
    The end of the Vietnam War, after which peace symbol became a symbol of peace and kindness and thanks to which he became known everywhere.
    (the author of photo - US Marine Corps /PFC G. Durbin)
  • Nowadays

    Now people simply consider the peace sign as a sign of kindness and friendship and it`s very popular in the decoration of clothes, rooms, etc.