OC APUSH Topic 10 Task 2: Inventions and Immigration

Timeline created by maryal
In History
  • Samuel Slater opens first industrial mill in the US

    Samuel Slater opens first industrial mill in the US
    Considered by many to be the start of the American Industrial Revolution. Used the model of a British textile factory in order to increase the speed with which yarn was spun out of cotton drastically. [Change]
  • Charter of Hamilton's Bank of the United States

    Charter of Hamilton's Bank of the United States
    One of Hamilton's biggest components of his financial plan. Supported by the Federalists and chartered in order to bring about federal financial stability. [Change]
  • Cotton Gin patented

    Cotton Gin patented
    Eli Whitney patents his cotton gin, encouraging the massive growth of slavery and revolutionizing cotton production by greatly increasing the speed with which cotton could be separated. One of the first developments of commercial agriculture. [Change]
  • Interchangeable Parts first used

    Interchangeable Parts first used
    Eli Whitney begins to use interchangeable parts in his firearms factory, revolutionizing weapon production and production of other goods/devices. [Change]
  • Opening of BUS Branch Offices

    Opening of BUS Branch Offices
    Branch offices of the First Bank of the United States were opened in eight major cities due to the large successes of the bank/system. [Continuity]
  • Fulton's Clermont steamboat first sailed

    Fulton's Clermont steamboat first sailed
    The first commercially viable steamboat, the Clermont, sailed by creator Robert Fulton from New York City to Albany. Lead to the mass use of steamboats for both cargo and passengers on the expansive canal systems. [Change- allowed for the growth of canals as the best form of transportation]
  • Non-renewal of the Bank of the United States Charter

    Non-renewal of the Bank of the United States Charter
    Charter was not renewed by Madison due to its politically-controversial nature. [Change]
  • Erie Canal construction begins

    Erie Canal construction begins
    New York Governor DeWitt Clinton receives funding and begins construction on the Erie Canal, which would connect the Atlantic Ocean and the Old Northwest. [Change]
  • The Panic of 1819

    The Panic of 1819
    Following the end of the charter of the BUS and the state-chartering of over 200 banks within five years, an economic collapse occurred in 1819. This collapse resulted in a six-year economic depression.[Change]
  • Lowell Factory Opens/Lowell System Begins

    Lowell Factory Opens/Lowell System Begins
    The opening of most well-known of the Boston Associates' factories in Lowell, Massachusetts. Created the Lowell Factory System, a system in which New England farm girls were employed for lower wages than men would be paid. This created the major shift in women's roles from homemakers to earning members of the workforce. [Change]
  • First textile worker strike

    First textile worker strike
    Textile factory workers, upon experiencing poor working conditions and ever-decreasing wages, lead their first strike in 1824, leading to a series of large strikes among workers across the country. [Continuity- People being unhappy with wages and conditions is not a new theme]
  • Erie Canal opens

    Erie Canal opens
    The 364-mile manmade river opened in 1825, allowing for the transport of goods from Albany on the Hudson River to Buffalo on Lake Erie. This revolutionized transportation and lead to massive urban growth along the canal. [Change]
  • Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Chartered

    Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Chartered
    The first railroad chartered in the United States. Chartered upon seeing how much Stephenson's railroads transformed the British economy. The railroad revolutionized American transportation, leading the once-all-powerful canal to face low profits and an eventual decline. [Change]
  • South Carolina Canal and Rail-Road Company formed

    South Carolina Canal and Rail-Road Company formed
    Railroads continue to gain momentum and popularity. [Continuity]
  • Horse-Drawn Reaper invented

    Horse-Drawn Reaper invented
    Horse-drawn reaper invented by Cyrus McCormick in order to harvest grain more quickly (five-times more harvesting in a day). Began to sell the product to other farmers in 1840. Lead to a great change in the world of agriculture and lead to common commercial agriculture practices. [Change]
  • Ohio Canal built

    Ohio Canal built
    Another canal was built in Ohio to connect the Great Lakes with the Mississippi Valley. Created large cities, such as Cleaveland along its route. [Continuity- canals continue to support westward expansion and western urban growth]
  • Riding Plow created

    Riding Plow created
    The first commercially successful riding plow, invented by John Deere. Continued the trend of commercial agriculture and industrialized farming. [Continuity]
  • First telegraph line completed

    First telegraph line completed
    Samuel F.B. Morse's telegraph and morse code. The first telegraph line from Baltimore and Washington was completed in 1844, revolutionizing communication by making it instant. [Change]
  • Transcontinental Railroad completed

    Transcontinental Railroad completed
    The Central Pacific (starting and San Fransisco) and Union Pacific (starting in Omaha, Nebraska) were joined to create the Transcontinental Railroad, linking the East (via existing railroads) and West. [Change- railroads are cemented as the most prominent form of transportation]
  • Period: to

    Market Revolution

    Revolutionized the American economy, transforming the market from agriculture-based to manufacturing-based. [Change]