OAS PEACE MISSIONS

Timeline created by lukasdes
  • Mission CIAV/OEA in Nicaragua (1990-1997)

    Mission CIAV/OEA in Nicaragua (1990-1997)
    After the armed conflict between against and pro sandinistas which throughout 1980-1988, it was the established the CIAV to supervise the demobilization and reinsertion of the Nicaraguan illegal armed groups in the civil society.

    Upon invitation of the Central American Presidents, the OAS assumed the demobilization within the country.Accomplishments: demobilization of 22,500 fighters, repatriation of 18,000 Nicacaraguans, and humanitarian assistance to more than 120,000 people
  • Period: to

    21 years since the first peace mission

  • Suriname (1992-200)

    Suriname (1992-200)
    In 1992, the OAS and the government of Suriname signed the agreement for the establishment of the Especial Mission for the Strengthening of Democracy and Peace Promotion in Suriname, which aimed to support the government to protect and formalize a lasting peace, as well as to strength the national institutions and the democratization process.

    Accomplishments: OAS facilitated the peace agreement between the gov. and illegal armed groups, and supported the democratic elections of 94,95,and 96.
  • OAS/UN PEACE MISSION in Haiti (1993-2000)

    OAS/UN PEACE MISSION in Haiti (1993-2000)
    After the 1991 coup and the following events, in 1993, it was established the Intentional Civil Mission in Haiti, a joint mission between OAS and UN. Its Mandate was to promote human rights, institutional strength, electoral observation, and technical support to the National Commission of Truth and Justice.
    The mission trained judges and the ministry of education, promoted the penal code reform, registered voter for the election and provided technical observation to it.
  • Special Program for the Democratic Consolidation, Peace,Reconstruction, and Reconciliation in Guatelama (1996-2003)

    Special Program for the Democratic Consolidation, Peace,Reconstruction, and Reconciliation in Guatelama  (1996-2003)
    Through the AG/RES. 1378 and AG/RES.1466, the OAS established its support to the Guatemalan government focusing in the following areas: strengthening the democratic institutions, conflict resolution, education for democracy, electoral reform, conclusion of the process of demining and reintegration into society of people involved in the conflict. In 2001, an agreement between the Gov. of Guatemala and the OAS established the OAS Support Program to Strength the Guatemalan Democratic Institutions
  • Territorial Dispute: Nicaragua and Honduras

    Territorial Dispute: Nicaragua and Honduras
    The Peace Fund provides financial resources to Member States of the Organization to assist member countries to cover costs of peaceful resolutions for territorial disputes. The first case was that the Fund was the dispute between Honduras and Nicaragua. Outcome: in 2000, the two countries signed Memorandum of Understanding for technical verification; in 2002, the General Secretariat completed the technical report, which became the legal base for the following pacific discussions.
  • Territorial Dispute: Guatemala and Belize

    Territorial Dispute: Guatemala and Belize
    Under the auspices of the Peace, both countries established a panel of conciliator to guide the negations. In 2003, the Foreign Ministers of both countries along with the Secretary General signed an agreement to establish a Transition Process and a series of measures Confidence between Guatemala and Belize.
  • Peace Mission in Haiti (2002-2006)

    Peace Mission in Haiti (2002-2006)
    After the attempted coup of 2001, the OAS, through the RES. 806, established the Special Mission to Strengthen Democracy in Haiti, which aimed to strength the institutional capacity in key areas as governance, security, justice, and human rights, as well as carry out a accurate and impartial investigation about the attempted coup and its the violent events.
  • Territorial Dispute: El Salvador and Honduras

    Territorial Dispute: El Salvador and Honduras
    In 2002, the Presidents of Honduras and El Salvador compromised themselves to define the borders between their countries. Between 2003 and 2004, the demarcating process was finished under the auspices of the Peace Fund.
  • MAPP/OEA

    MAPP/OEA
    Upon request of the Gov. of Colombia, it was established the Mission to Support the Peace Process in Colombia (MAPP), which aims to verify the initiatives to ceasefire, and the demobilization, disarmament and reintegration of the illegal armed groups into the civil society.
  • MIB/OEA

    MIB/OEA
    In 2008, the Colombian military and police entered the Ecuadorian territory to carry out an operation against the FARC, which caused the rupture of the diplomatic relation between these countries. The OAS intervention to mediate the conflict was requested. Through the Mission of Good Offices, the OAS is supporting the rapprochement of the countries.