Mueggenborg Unit 4 - 1750 CE - 1914 CE

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    Industrial Revolution

    The Industrial Revolution was a period where major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation, and technology had a profound effect on the world-wide socioeconomic and cultural conditions of the times.
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    Toussaint L' Ouverture

    Toussaint L' Ouverture was the leader of the Haitian Revolution. The independent state of Haiti was established, thanks to his military genius and political acumen, and was transformed from an entire society of slaves into a free, self-governing people.
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    French & Indian War (7 Years War)

    The French and Indian War was the war between Great Britain and France in North America. The war erupted into the world-wide conflict known as the Seven Years' War and thus came to be regarded as the North American theater of that war.
  • Watt's Steam Engine is Patented

    Watt discovered the separate condenser in 1765 and patents the first crude steam engine. It's design is a modified version of the previous structures such as Denis Papin's Digester or pressure cooker of 1679.
  • Water Frame is Patented

    The water frame is a spinning frame powered by water. It is credited to Richard Arkwright who patented the technology in 1768. It was based on an invention by Thomas Highs and the patent was later overturned.
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    Napoleon Bonaparte was a military and political leader during the latter stages of the French Revolution. He is best remembered for the wars he led against a series of coalitions, the so-called Napoleonic Wars, during which he established hegemony over much of Europe and sought to spread revolutionary ideals.
  • The Spinning Jenny is Patented

    In 1764 James Hargreaves built what became known as the Spinning-Jenny. The machine used eight spindles onto which the thread was spun from a corresponding set of rovings. By turning a single wheel, the operator could now spin eight threads at once. It wasn't until 1770 when Hargreaves got his invention patented.
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    Marie Antoinette

    Marie Antoinette was an Archduchess of Austria and the Queen of France and of Navarre. She was the fifteenth and penultimate child of Empress Maria Theresa of Austria and Emperor Francis I. She was married to Louis XVI.
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    Louis XVI

    King Louis XVI ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1774 until 1791, and then as King of the French from 1791 to 1792. He was married to Marie Antoinette.
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    American Revolution

    The American Revolution was the political split of the 13 colonies from Britain to become independent. The colonies combined to become the United States of America.
  • Storming of the Bastille

    The Bastille is a medieval fortress and prison in Paris that represented royalty in the centre of Paris. While the prison only contained seven inmates at the time of its storming, its fall was the flashpoint of the French Revolution.
  • Declaration of the Rights of Man

    The Declaration of the Rights of Man is a fundamental document of the French Revolution, defining the individual and collective rights of all the estates of the realm as universal.
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    French Revolution

    The French Revolution was a period of radical social and political upheaval in French and European history. The absolute monarchy that had ruled France for centuries collapsed in three years.
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    Haitian Revolution

    The Haitian Revolution was a period of conflict in the French colony of Saint-Domingue, which culminated in the elimination of slavery there and the founding of the Haitian republic.
  • Eli Whitney Creates the Cotton Gin

    Eli's Cotton Gin mechanized the cleaning of cotton, by automatically seperating the seeds from the cotton thereby revolutionaizing the cotton industry.
  • Britain Tkaes Over India

    In the early 1800's, Great Britain needed raw materials found in India to futher drive their Industrial Revolution.
  • Britain Outlaws Slave Trade

    The slave trade was abolished in the Brtitsh Empire by an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom known as The Slave Trade Act.
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    Mexican War of Independence

    The Mexican War of Independence was an armed conflict between the people of Mexico and the Spanish colonial authorities. The movement was led by Mexican-born Spaniards, Mestizos and Amerindians who sought independence from Spain.
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    Congress of Vienna

    The Congress of Vienna was a conference of ambassadors of European states held in Vienna. The objective of the Congress was to settle the many issues arising from the French Revolutionary Wars, the Napoleonic Wars, and the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire. Many changes were made, including the redrawing of the continent's political map.
  • Battle of Waterloo

    The Battle of Waterloo takes place near the Waterloo, Belgium. The Battle of Waterloo puts an end to the tyrant rule of Napoleon as the emperor of France. It had also marked the end of the hundred days of Napoleon from exile return. The battle was regarded as an influential battle of all time marking the Bonaparte’s last and Waterloo Campaign.
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    Brazillian Independence

    The Brazilian Independence was a series of disputes between Brazil and Portugual over the call for independence presented by the Brazilian Kingdom.
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    Greek Independence

    During the Greek Revolution, Greek revolutionaries waged war on the Ottomon Empire. Greece was finally recognized as an independent nation in May 1832.
  • Dissolution of the Janissaries

    The Sultan began to replace the Janissaries with the army once they had begun to become too powerful. During the revolt of the Janissaries, there were many Janissary deaths, therefore resulting in the dissolution of the Janisssaries.
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    Afrikaners' Great Trek

    The Great Trek took place between the 1830's and the 1840's. It was an eastward and north-eastward migration away from British control in the Cape Colony by Boers.
  • End of Atlantic Slave Trade

    The Slavery Abolition Act was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom abolishing slavery throughout most of the British Empire, ending the Atlantic Slave Trade.
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    Opium Wars

    The Opium Wars consisted of two wars of disputes over trade and diplomatic relations between China under the Qing Dynasty and the British Empire: mainly linked to Opium.
  • Revolutions of 1848

    The Revolutions of 1848 were a series of political upheavals throughout Europe, including Austria, Germany, Hungary, and Italy. Although most of the revolutions were quickly put down, there was a significant amount of violence in many areas, with tens of thousands of people tortured and/or killed.
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    Taiping Rebellion

    The Taiping Rebellion was a widespread civil war in southern China. The Taiping Rebellion was a widespread civil war in southern China.
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    Commodore Matthew Perry's Expedition to Japan

    Matthew Perry was sent to Japan was because United States wanted to open Japan to make sure shipwrecked sailors in Japan got good treatment and for trade. Mathhew was sent to negotiate those terms.
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    Crimean War

    The Crimean War was fought between the Russian Empire and an alliance of the French Empire, the British Empire, the Ottoman Empire, and the Kingdom of Sardinia. The war was part of a long-running contest between the major European powers for influence over territories of the declining Ottoman Empire.
  • Sepoy Rebellion

    The Sepoy Rebellion began as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army and soon erupted into other mutinies and civilian rebellions largely in the upper Gangetic plain and central India. The rebellion led to the dissolution of the East India Company in 1858, and forced the British to reorganize the army, the financial system, and the administration in India.
  • The Emancipation of the Russian Serfs

    The 1861 Emancipation Manifesto proclaimed the emancipation of the serfs on private estates and of the domestic serfs, setting the historical date of the emancipation of the Russian serfs.
  • Meiji Restoration

    The Meiji Restoration was a chain of events that restored imperial rule to Japan. It led to enormous changes in Japan's political and social structure, and spanned both the late Edo period and the beginning of the Meiji period.
  • Suez Canal is Opened

    The Suez Canal is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea.
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    Imperialization of Africa

    The Imperialization of Africa (also known as the "Scramble for Africa") as a process of invasion, attack, occupation, and annexation of African territory by European powers during the New Imperialism period.
  • Congress Funds Morse's Experimental Telegraph

    In 1835 Samuel Morse proved that signals could be transmitted by wire. He used pulses of current to deflect an electromagnet, which moved a marker to produce written codes on a strip of paper. It wasn't until 1893 that Morse's invention was funded by Congress in an experiment to construct an experimental telegraph line from Washington to Baltimore, a distance of 40 miles.
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    Boxer Rebellion

    The Boxer Rebellion was a proto-nationalist movement by the "Righteous Harmony Society" in China opposing foreign imperialism and Christianity.
  • Aswan Dam is Completed

    The Aswan Dam is an embankment dam situated across the Nile River in Aswan, Egypt. Construction of the High Dam was seen as pivotal to Egypt's industrialisation.
  • The African National Congress is Founded

    Members of the African National Congress founded the organization as the South African Native National Congress in Bloemfontein to increase the rights of the black South African population.
  • Overthrow of Qing Dynasty

    The Wuchang Uprising on October 10, 1911 led to the creation of the new central government, the Republic of China, in Nanjing with Sun Yat-sen as its provisional head.
  • Panama Canal is Completed

    The Panama Canal is a ship canal in Panama that joins the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean and is a key conduit for international maritime trade.