MAIN HISTORICAL FACTS

Timeline created by dAnI.tS
In History
  • 476

    The Fall of Western Roman Empire (beginning of the midde ages)

    The Fall of Western Roman Empire (beginning of the midde ages)
  • 732

    Charles the Hammer and the Battle of Tours

    Charles the Hammer and the Battle of Tours
  • 800

    Charlemagne, the Emperor of Romans

    Charlemagne, the Emperor of Romans
    Charlemagne or Charles the Great was a Frankish king who expanded the Frankish kingdom and covered almost all of the Western and Central Europe. He was declared as the Emperor of Romans in 800 AD and he enjoyed the empire successfully till his death. He associated his political steps with the Church and encouraged a revival of art, religion and culture with the help of the Church.
  • 843

    Treaty of Verdun

    Treaty of Verdun
    After his death, Louis the Pious was declared his successor who ruled as the Emperor of Romans. However, after his death, the Carolingian empire faced a Civil War because of the internal tussle between the three surviving sons of Louis the Pious who struggled for the emperorship. At last, the Carolingian empire was divided in three parts in August 843 AD through the Treaty of Verdun which ended the three years long Civil War.
  • 962

    The Ottonian Holy Roman Empire of Germany

    The Ottonian Holy Roman Empire of Germany
    Otto I was the successor of Henry the Fowler, the duke of Saxony who became the first Saxon Emperor. Just like his father, Otto I succeeded in protecting Germans against Magyar invaders. He chose to create a German monastery and this natural allegiance of German Church and Kingdom helped him to gain control over the rebellion dukes and establish his Ottonian Empire. In 962 AD, the papacy of Italy invited him and declared him as the Emperor of Italy and he established his Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1066

    The Battle of Hastings

    The Battle of Hastings
    On 14th October 1066, William the Conqueror, the Duke of Normandy defeated the last Anglo-Saxon king Harold II. William the Conqueror established the Norman Empire and to protect his empire, he rewarded all his Norman supporters who fought for him in the war with large piece of land of England. He divided all land of England in manors and established the feudal system and manoralism.
  • 1215

    Declaration of Magna Carta

    Declaration of Magna Carta
    The Magna Carta Libertatum, or the Great Charter of Liberties of England was originally issued in 1215 AD. This charter is considered to be the first step towards the constitutional government of England. The Charter of Magna Carta restricted the power of the Emperor and proved the importance of a Constitution.
  • 1337

    The Hundred Years’ War

    The Hundred Years’ War
    The Hundred Years’ War began in 1337 when the Kingdom of England waged war against the Kingdom of France. While there were many periods of peace and ceasefire between England and France during the period, however, this war was continued again and again in different conflicts till 1453.
  • 1453

    beginning of the renaissance

    The Ottoman Empire captures the city of Constantinople, signaling an end to the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1454

    Gutenberg Bible is published

  • 1469

    Lorenzo de Medici becomes head of the city-state of Florence

    He is one of the great patrons of the arts.
  • 1485

    Henry VII becomes king of England beginning the reign of the House of Tudor.

  • 1486

    Boticelli completes the painting The Birth of Venus.

  • 1492

    the discovery of america (end of the middle ages)

    The discovery of America is called the historical event of October 12, 1492, consisting of the arrival in America of an expedition directed by Christopher Columbus by mandate of the Catholic Monarchs, Isabel de Castilla and Fernando de Aragón.
  • 1495

    Leonardo da Vinci paints the Last Supper.

  • 1498

    Vasco da Gama arrives in India after sailing around the southern tip of Africa from Portugal.

    On May 20, 1498, sailing for the Portuguese crown, Vasco da Gama reached Calicut, India. Having successfully sailed around the southern tip of Africa, da Gama had pioneered a sea route from Europe to Asia that bypassed the Muslim nations that controlled the overland spice trade.
  • 1501

    Michelangelo begins his work on the sculpture David.

    David is a statue by Michelangelo, begun in 1501 and completed in 1504. It is made of marble and is 17 feet tall.
  • 1503

    Leonardo da Vinci paints the Mona Lisa.

    The Mona Lisa or La Gioconda, French: La Joconde is a half-length portrait painting by the Italian Renaissance artist Leonardo da Vinci that has been described as "the best known, the most visited, the most written about, the most sung about, the most parodied work of art in the world.
  • 1504

    Michelangelo finishes "David"

  • 1508

    Michelangelo begins his painting on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.

    The Sistine Chapel is a chapel in the Apostolic Palace, the official residence of the pope, in Vatican City.
  • 1509

    Henry VIII becomes king of England.

  • 1509

    Humanist author Erasmus writes Praise of Folly.

  • 1511

    Raphael paints his masterpiece The School of Athens.

  • 1513

    Machiavelli publishes "The Prince"

  • 1516

    Sir Thomas More publishes his work Utopia on political philosophy.

  • 1517

    Martin Luther posts his 95 theses on the door of the Church of Wittenberg. This signals the start of the Reformation.

  • 1519

    Ferdinand Magellan begins his voyage around the world.

  • 1527

    Rome is sacked by the troops of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.

  • 1534

    Henry VIII separates the Church of England from the Catholic Church of Rome so that he can divorce Catherine of Aragon and marry Anne Boleyn.

  • 1555

    The Peace of Augsburg

    The Peace of Augsburg, also called the Augsburg Settlement, was a treaty between Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and the Schmalkaldic League, signed in September 1555 at the imperial city of Augsburg.
  • 1558

    Elizabeth I becomes Queen of England.

  • 1570

    First modern atlas is published

  • The Spanish Armada is defeated by the English navy.

  • William Shakespeare builds the Globe theatre. He will write many of his great plays over the next few years including Hamlet and Macbeth.

  • The Baroque Music Period Begins.

    This is the end of the renaissance period, where the tonics of keys and notes in a music sheet are named. The country Italy was mainly focused on this music genre.
  • Claudio Monteverdi writes Orfeo, Favola in Musica.

    First prime example of Baroque music, this was performed at The Annual Carnival of Mantua. It was published in Venice in 1609.
  • Galileo discovers the moons of Jupiter.

  • The Thirty Years War begins.

  • First Female Singers Perform.

    These professional female singers appear in the production of Chloridia, a court masque produced by Ben Jonson and Inigo Jones.
  • First Signed Stradivarius Violin.

    Antonio Stradivari crafted this violin, The name 'Stradivarius' comes from the last name of Antonio Stradivari.
  • George Frideric Handel is Born.

    This person was only one of many famous primary composers. Some of his works include Messiah, Water Music, and Music for the Royal Family. He was strongly influence by an English composer Henry Purcell. Another fact is that his father actually didn't want to have him do anything with music and wanted him to study in Civil Law.
  • Johann Sebastian Bach is born.

    With the help of this German composer, violist, organist,violist, and choir, orchestra, and solo instrument techniques brought together the Barque music.
  • Jean-Baptiste Lully, born

    A significant Baroque composer who served in Louis XIV's court. He was Italian born and not nobility but through his work as an Italian tutor he worked his was in the French aristocratic circles. He created to major french musical genres: Tragedie en musique and comedie-ballet.
  • Bach Dies.

    This signals the end of the Baroque music period. Symphonies and string quartets are emerging on the surface.
  • end of the renaissance

  • Period:
    1315
    to
    1317

    The Great Famine

    Whole northern Europe suffered the Great Famine in 1315 which prolonged itself till 1317. During these two years of famine, a big portion of the population died of hunger and diseases. During those days of famine, crime rate increased to extreme and there were too many incidences of cannibalism, rapes, and infanticides. The Great Famine brought unrest in peasants and the members of nobility also suffered a setback and as a result, they became more bloodthirsty and gave up the oath of chivalry.
  • Period:
    1348
    to
    1350

    The Black Death

  • Period:
    1378
    to
    1417

    The Great Schism

    The Church suffered the first jolt in 1054, when the Church was divided in Eastern and Western Christian Church. The Eastern Orthodox Church believed that the Western Roman Catholic Church was corrupt and exploitative. The Western Christendom suffered much bigger jolt during 1378 to 1417, when there were three contestants for the Papacy. This internal tussle for ultimate power of papacy significantly reduced the influence and power of the Church over common people.
  • Period:
    1400
    to
    1500

    Early Renaissance

  • Period:
    1495
    to
    1527

    High Renaissance

  • Period:
    1527
    to

    Mannerism

    Mannerism is a style of art that was created in the Late Renaissance period
  • Period:
    1570
    to

    Early Baroque Music

  • Period: to

    Middle Baroque Period

  • Period: to

    Late Baroque