Literary Works Throughout History

By acrit
  • Jan 1, 1350


    • Father of Humanism
    • Italian scholar and poet
    • Referred to pagan literature and philosophy for inspiration
    • Criticized medieval thoughts and ideas
  • Period: Jan 1, 1400 to


    • Originated in Italy and spread through Europe
    • Revival of Greek and Roman literature and art techniques
    • Huge influence on artists and writers during this period of time
  • Jan 1, 1450

    Printing Press

    • Invented in 1450 by Johannes Gutenberg
    • Encouraged people to read, write and become educated
    • Improved efficiency in publication of books
    • Lowered the pricing of books
  • Jan 1, 1532


    • Written by Francois Rabelais
    • First book in popular Gargantua Series
    • Criticized and banned by Roman Catholic Church for mockery of church values
    • Looked down upon and banned by most leaders in authority
  • Jan 1, 1543

    On the Revolutions of Heavenly Spheres

    • Written by Polish priest and astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus
    • Criticized the majority's current view on the position of Earth
    • Proposed the Heliocentric Theory
    • Considered to be provocative of a revolution
  • Period: Jan 1, 1579 to

    Elizabethian Age

    • Decipherable English: use of the terms “madam and mistress”
    • Poor writing supplies- quill and ink
    • Time of William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe, and Francois Rabelais
  • Shakespeare Begins Career

    Shakespeare Begins Career
    • Referred to as “England’s National Poet”
    • Wrote comedies and tragedies
    • Composed 38 plays, 154 sonnets, and two poems
    • Influential public figure due to large success in literature
  • Rose and Globe Theaters are built

    • Both theaters built during the 1590s
    • Beginning of the performance of plays on a professional level
    • Attracted the public, brought in a lot of money
    • Most of Shakespeare's plays are performed here
  • Period: to

    The Faerie Queen

    • Written by Edmund Spenser
    • Tells of the adventures of a knight
    • Total of 6 novels complete the entire piece
  • A Counterblaste to Tobacco

    • Written by King James I
    • Addressedthe controversy concerning the use of tobacco
    • Stated that smoking was a violation of the church
    • Challenges the morality of smokers by referring to smoking as loathesoome and a vanity
  • Starry Messenger & Letters on Sunspots are published

    • Written by Galileo Galilei
    • Supported Copernicus' ideas
    • Discussed Galilei's observations on sunspots and Jupiter's moons
    • Influential pieces during the Scientific Revolution
  • King James' Bible

    • Written by King James
    • Translation of the Christian Bible
    • Still commonly used in present day
  • Leviathan

    • Written by Thomas Hobbes
    • Expressed opinions through his books
    • Influenced by Scientific Revolution and English Civil War
    • The necesity of people giving up thier rights to one central power is his main point in writing
  • Observations Upon Experimental Philosophy

    • Written by Margaret Cavendish
    • Strongly supported the movement to allow men and women to be treatead as equals
    • Wanted to make her opinion known and gain support
  • Theologico-Political Treatise

    Theologico-Political Treatise
    • Written by Baruch Spinoza
    • Naturalistically explains the origins of religion
    • Defends the concepts of religion
  • Principla Mathematica

    • Written by Issac Newton
    • Proposed Newton's Laws of Motion
    • Comes out in three editions
    • Vital to the advancement of sciences
  • 1st & 2nd Treatises of Government

    • Written by John Locke
    • Locke's views expressed were under the influence of the scientific revolution
    • Based on Locke's personal political therory: Government Serve People
  • Spirit of the Laws

    • Written by Montesquieu
    • Influencial to important people such as Catherine the Great
    • Statement of his opinion on politics
    • Favored the end of slavery, a constitutional government, and civil liberties
  • Candide

    • Written by Voltaire
    • Represented the views on society during the Enlightenment
    • Mainly focused on the connection between the Catholic Church and upper classes that was corrupting society
    • Renound piece of literature
  • Inquiry to the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations

    • Written by Adam Smith
    • Topic: Economics
    • Smith utilizes this book to state his opinions on the free market system and capitalism
  • Period: to

    Romantic Period

    • Period in literature dealing with romanticism
    • Most publications during this period were romance novels
    • Important to history due to its large effect on the author's prior to its time and during its time
  • Principle of Population

    Principle of Population
    • Written by Thomas Malthus
    • Describes the correlation between population and food supply
    • Heavily influences scientists and writers during and prior to his time such as Charles Darwin on natural selection
  • Phenomenology of Spirit

    • Written by Georg Hegel
    • Aided in the formation of German Philosophy
    • One of Hegel's most important books
    • Developed his personal philosophy
    • Hegel is criticized for the results of the book which include communism
  • Pride and Prejudice

    • Written by Jane Austen
    • Focuses on women's reliance on marrige during the time it was written
    • Romantic Novel
    • Became widely popular years after the death of Austen
  • Principles of Political Economy

    • Written by David Ricardo
    • Expressed opinion concerning the "Iron of Law Wages"
    • Felt the "Iron of Law Wages" was a continuum
  • Communist Manifesto

    Communist Manifesto
    • Joint authorship of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels
    • Established foundation of politics in the 20th century
    • Man's desire is the driving force of human nature
  • Inequality of Human Races

    • Written by Arthur deGobineau
    • Blames western civilization problems on the "degenerization of pure Aryan blood"
    • Written in essay form to explain his reasoning and opinion on the western issues
  • Foundations of the 19th Century

    • Written by Houston Chamberlain
    • Publically with the ideas of Hitler
    • Disliked Jews
    • Anticipated the creation of a superior race
  • Interpretation of Dreams

    Interpretation of Dreams
    • Written by Sigmund Freud
    • Based on his own study of dreams
    • Concludes past traumas relate to people's current problems
  • Mein Kampf

    • Written by Adolf Hitler
    • Translated as "my struggle"
    • Hitler proposed his plan and dream for Germany and backed up those ideas with his reasoning
  • Little House on the Prarie

    • Written by Laura Ingalls Wilder
    • Part of a three-book series
    • Based on her personal experience throughout childhood
    • Portrays the reality of being forced to move from place to place by soldiers