Libya 1945-2011

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  • Independence

    Libya finally gained its independence under the monarchy rule of King Idris al-Sanusi.
    After the Italians were pushed out of Libya, The United Nations granted Libya a 2 year period, where by the end of the two years, Libya had to be Independent
  • Oil & The Americans

    Oil & The Americans
    After finding oil reserves, Libya granted two american oil companies a consession of almost 14 million acres
  • Pipeline

    Kind Idris opens a 104- mile pipeline. This pipeline links important oil fields within Libya to the Mediterranean Sea; makes it possible for Libya to export Libyan oil for the first time.
  • Coup de etat

    Coup de etat
    Military leader Muammar Gaddafi, established a coup' de etat against King Idris. Muammar Gaddafi pursued pan-Arabism and attempted to unite with several other Arab countries. He also introduced state socialism by nationalising Libyas economic activity, and helped to expand the oil industry
  • "Cultural Revolution"

    Gaddafi decalres a "cultural revolution", this includes the formation of "peoples committies" in schools, hospitals, universities, and places of work.
  • UK Breaks Off Relations

    UK Breaks Off Relations
    The United Kingdom breaks off diplomatic relations with Libya after a British policewoman is shot outside the Libyan People's Bureau, in London during an anti-Gaddafi protest
  • UN Sanctions on Libya

    The UN imposed sanctions on Libya in an effort to force it to hand over for trial two of its citizens suspected of involvement in the blowing up of a PanAm airliner over the Scottish town of Lockerbie in December 1988
  • Oslo Accords

    Gaddafi expels some 30,000 Palestinians in protest at the Oslo accords between the Palestine Liberation Organization and Israel.
  • UN Human Rights Commission

    Libya is elected chairman of the UN Human Rights Commission despite opposition from the US and human rights groups
  • Weapons of Mass Destruction

    Weapons of Mass Destruction
    Libya will abandon the idea to develop weapons of mass destruction.
  • Human Rights Watch

    Human Rights Watch accuses Libya of abusing the human rights of African immigrants trying to enter the European Union by forcibly deporting them. Some of the immagrants faced possible persecution/ torture at home
  • US and Libya Sign Agreement

    Libya and the United States sign an agreement committing each side to compensate all victims of bombing attacks on the other's citizens
  • "New Phase"

    US Secretary of State, Condoleezza Rice makes a historic visit to Libya . Ms Rice says relations between the US and Libya have entered a "new phase"
  • Russia & Libya

    Russia agrees to sell Libya weapons in a deal worth $1.8 billion
    The deal is thought to include jet fighters, tanks andair defence systems
  • Illigan Immigration

    The European Union and Libya sign agreement designed to slow illigal immigration
  • Protests Against Gaddafi

    Protests Against Gaddafi
    Arrest of human rights compaigner sparks violent protests in eastern city of Benghazi that rapidly spread to other cities. Authorities use aircraft to attack protestors. Many Libyan dipolats resign due to protests. Gadaffi insists that he will not quit, and remains in control
  • Crisis in Libya

    UN Security Council authorizes a no-fly zone over Libya and air strikes to protect civilians, over which NATO assumes command. London conferences of world powers, European Union and Arab League tell Gaddafi to quit.
  • Attacks Against Gaddafi

    Attacks Against Gaddafi
    Norwegian F-16s attacked the command center and the residence of Gaddafi. Government officials within Libya claimed it was an assassination attempt, but the US military said it was an attack on a military target.
  • Arrest of Gaddafi

    International Criminal Court seeks arrest of Gaddafi for crimes against humanity following "widespread and systematic attacks" on civilians