Libya finally gained its independence under the monarchy rule of King Idris al-Sanusi.
After the Italians were pushed out of Libya, The United Nations granted Libya a 2 year period, where by the end of the two years, Libya had to be Independent
Oil & The Americans
After finding oil reserves, Libya granted two american oil companies a consession of almost 14 million acres
Kind Idris opens a 104- mile pipeline. This pipeline links important oil fields within Libya to the Mediterranean Sea; makes it possible for Libya to export Libyan oil for the first time.
Coup de etat
Military leader Muammar Gaddafi, established a coup' de etat against King Idris. Muammar Gaddafi pursued pan-Arabism and attempted to unite with several other Arab countries. He also introduced state socialism by nationalising Libyas economic activity, and helped to expand the oil industry
Gaddafi decalres a "cultural revolution", this includes the formation of "peoples committies" in schools, hospitals, universities, and places of work.
UK Breaks Off Relations
The United Kingdom breaks off diplomatic relations with Libya after a British policewoman is shot outside the Libyan People's Bureau, in London during an anti-Gaddafi protest
UN Sanctions on Libya
The UN imposed sanctions on Libya in an effort to force it to hand over for trial two of its citizens suspected of involvement in the blowing up of a PanAm airliner over the Scottish town of Lockerbie in December 1988
Gaddafi expels some 30,000 Palestinians in protest at the Oslo accords between the Palestine Liberation Organization and Israel.
UN Human Rights Commission
Libya is elected chairman of the UN Human Rights Commission despite opposition from the US and human rights groups
Weapons of Mass Destruction
Libya will abandon the idea to develop weapons of mass destruction.
Human Rights Watch
Human Rights Watch accuses Libya of abusing the human rights of African immigrants trying to enter the European Union by forcibly deporting them. Some of the immagrants faced possible persecution/ torture at home
US and Libya Sign Agreement
Libya and the United States sign an agreement committing each side to compensate all victims of bombing attacks on the other's citizens
US Secretary of State, Condoleezza Rice makes a historic visit to Libya . Ms Rice says relations between the US and Libya have entered a "new phase"
Russia & Libya
Russia agrees to sell Libya weapons in a deal worth $1.8 billion
The deal is thought to include jet fighters, tanks andair defence systems
The European Union and Libya sign agreement designed to slow illigal immigration
Protests Against Gaddafi
Arrest of human rights compaigner sparks violent protests in eastern city of Benghazi that rapidly spread to other cities. Authorities use aircraft to attack protestors. Many Libyan dipolats resign due to protests. Gadaffi insists that he will not quit, and remains in control
Crisis in Libya
UN Security Council authorizes a no-fly zone over Libya and air strikes to protect civilians, over which NATO assumes command. London conferences of world powers, European Union and Arab League tell Gaddafi to quit.
Attacks Against Gaddafi
Norwegian F-16s attacked the command center and the residence of Gaddafi. Government officials within Libya claimed it was an assassination attempt, but the US military said it was an attack on a military target.
Arrest of Gaddafi
International Criminal Court seeks arrest of Gaddafi for crimes against humanity following "widespread and systematic attacks" on civilians