• 800


    Christian occupied the Iberian Penisala where was Muslim's land before. It led to the blendy of christian, Islamic and Jewish treaditions.
  • 1096

    First Crusade

    This war was caused by the Christians freeing Jernsalem from Muslim control, which led to the establishment of Christian state in Levant and deepen the conflict between Christians and Muslims.
  • 1202

    The invention of Fibonacci’s Liber Abaci

    It contained important ideas that helped solve existing
    economic problems, like putting a price on products and
    calculating profits and interest rates.
  • 1453

    Ottoman sultan Mehmet II seized control of Constantinople

    Master Orban, who built cannons,approached Sultan Mehmet II, offering to design and build a new, enormous cannon that could finally break the walls of Constantinople. The sultan agreed, and with Orban’s enormous guns, the Ottomans finally conquered the city.
  • 1492

    The Columbian Exchange

    Christopher Columbus’ arrival in North America created important connections all over the world that still exist
    today. It also began a chain of events that dramatically changed the environment, economic systems, and culture
    across the world.
  • 1493

    Printing press's spreading

    With improvement of the number of printing presses rapidly in Europe, printing press expanded the number of potential readers the number of books by the lower price, whcih enabled people to get imformation easier.
  • 1530

    The heliocentric hypothesis is proposed

    It allowed development of the scientific method, experiments, evidences, and future scientists' discoveries.
  • 1543

    Copernicus' Epochal Book Published

    This book is often regarded as the starting point of the Scientific Revolution.
  • Period: to

    Russian Empire

    Russia did not return to a unified state until 1613 when Michael Romanov was chosen by noblemen to become czar. Michael Romanov and his descendants ruled the empire for 300 years until the Russian Revolution of 1917
  • english civil war

    The English Civil War (1642-1651) was a conflict between Royalists (monarchy supporters) and Parliamentarians, leading to King Charles I's execution, a brief republic, and monarchy restoration in 1660
  • Peace of Westphalia

    It marked the end of a series of religious wars in Europe. The Peace of Westphalia concluded the turbulent period in European history during which nearly eight million people lost their lives.
  • Le Code Noir

    It regulate slavery in the French colonies, outlining the rights and treatment of enslaved people. It imposed strict controls on enslaved people and sought to maintain order in the French colonies
  • Newton Publishes Philosophia Naturalis Principia Mathematica

    The Principia represents the integration of the works of all of the great astronomers who preceded Newton, and remains the basis of modern physics and astronomy.
  • Great Nothern War

    The war which is between Sweden and Russia caused to Sweden's influence diminish and Russian expand its territory which gain way to the baltic sea.
  • the colonial competition

    Britain and France were fighting each other in Europe, North America, the Caribbean, and India. This was a major change in global politics
  • Period: to

    Seven Years' War

    The Seven Years' War was a global conflict that involved many of the world's major powers. It shifted the balance of power in Europe, and eventually lead to the American Revolution
  • india famines

    The industrilization of other courntries occupied the market of cloth making which result in the price of food rising and job decresing.
  • american revolution

    The American Revolution (1775-1783) was a war between American colonists and British forces seeking independence. It resulted in the United States' creation, rejecting British rule and monarchy.
  • storming of the Bastille

    The storming of the Bastille in 1789, during the French Revolution, involved a popular uprising, the release of prisoners, symbolizing a challenge to the old regime.
  • Period: to

    french revoluton

    it marked by the overthrow of the monarchy, the Reign of Terror, and the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte
  • Period: to

    The Haitian Revolution

    The Haitian Revolution was a successful slave rebellion in the French colony of Saint-Domingue, leading to Haiti's independence from France and the end of slavery in the Western Hemisphere.
  • The invention of the cotton gin

    Eli Whitney in 1793 revolutionized the processing of cotton, making it more economically viable and increasing the demand for raw cotton produced in the Southern states.
  • Period: to

    the reign of terror

    The Reign of Terror was consisted of a extreme political violence, mass executions via the guillotine, and suppression of opposition to the revolutionary government.
  • Consecration of the Emperor Napoleon I and Coronation of the Empress Josephine

    This meant the creation of a new empire. France went from a republic to an empire. It ablioshed estate system and kelp people's right
  • Tsar Alexander II emancipated of serfs

    The emancipation of the serfs modernize the agrarian economy by transforming serfs into a more mobile
    and flexible labor force whcih n laid the groundwork for the growth of industrial cities.
  • meiji

    The Meiji period was an era of major political, economic, and social change in Japan. The reforms is about the modernization and Westernization of the country and paved the way for Japan to become a major international power.
  • British control Egypt

    Because of the economic collapse, British controled the Suez Canal. British controled Egypt instead by the chao in the Egypt government.