First published in England. First American newspaper was Publick Occurrences both Foreign and Domestick. Lack of permit shut it down.
Newspapers grew, Advances in printing technology made printing cheaper. The New York Sun was born by Benjamin Day, he sold them for a penny.
New York Herald
First paper to have a regular audience and coverage by Wall Street.
5 NY newspapers banded together to get a pony route to bring news from Mexico.
New York Times
Wasn't special at first, then blew up later.
First Radio Waves
Heinrich Hertz detected first radio waves, resonator and radiator used to create and measure radio waves
William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer owned competing newspapers in NYC.
Guglielmo Marconi- who is usually credited with inventing the radio, built a wireless device that could transmit Morse code.
Birth of Investigative Reporting
Worked to reveal injustices, inequalities,abuses,and corruption during the Progressive Era
First Broadcast of Music
Reginald Fessenden makes first broadcast of music to ships in NY harbor on Christmas.
Frank Conrad started broadcasting in Pittsburgh, didn't get a big audience so he stopped for a period of time during WW1 then resumed in 1919.
First Radio Station
KDKA in Pittsburgh, 100 watts,50,000 watts and could be heard over most of the eastern U.S. at night.
Federal Radio Commission
Radio Act establishes FRC to clean up chaos,sets frequencies, and power levels.
Philo Farnsworth and Vladimir Zworykin
Did the first wireless broadcast and made kinescope. TV's were expensive- wasn't much programming. WW2 interrupted development.
TV's Big Impact
FM developed and had better quality than AM,but it grew slowly, Radio lost a lot of best performers to TV,like Lucille Ball. They stole formats like dramas,mysteries, news, and music.
8 stations to 8,000 homes, now 100 stations to 35 million homes. Growth was so fast, broadcast signals were overlapping and interfering with each other. FCC stopped to clean up mess.
Camel News Caravan
Camel News Caravan on NBC with host John Cameron Swazi. Was pictures with speaking. Then CBS's daily network newscast with Douglas Edwards-1st of kind.
1st color broadcast- Tournament of Roses. Followed formats set by radio- local stations affiliated with networks. TV was black and white until the end of the 50's. Most TV was live and then the actors would do it again for the West Coast.
Magazine News Shows
Beginning of the "Today Show".
JFK and MLK
Start of PBS, Color TV became the rule not the exception by the end of the decade. Funeral of JFK and MLK.
Growth and stabilization, Rise of FM and radio personalities. Stations chose what they wanted to do/play- country,religious,news,etc. Began syndication.
Surgeon General warns about kids and TV violence. Cable TV starts to compete, 1st super-station WTBS-1978. Color TV's outsell B&W for 1st time-1972
Break-in by 5 men at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex . Took down Nixon.
Beginning of CNN. Fox Network
Brought new options, people except free online music, digital music cuts into radio time or talk time. Podcasts are the new "talk radio"
Netflix, Amazon, Hulu, etc. Use of social media. Viewers can ''weigh in'', local news, online news. Sinclair Media and issues of ownership..