Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

  • Period: to

    Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

  • British Census of Palestine

    A British census determines thepopulation of Palestine to be approximately, “689,272 persons, of whom no more (and perhaps less) than 60,000 were Jews.”
  • Sykes-Picot Agreement

    Also known as the Asia-Minor Agreement, this treaty was organized between the British and French governments to split the Arab provinces of the Ottoman Empire between their rule should the Triple Entente defeat the Ottoman Empire during World War 1.
  • Balfour Declaration

    After much lobbying done by Chaim Weizmann, the British government agreed to support the Zionist movement by issueing the Balfour Declaration. The declaration designed a national home for Jews located in Palestine.
  • Jewish immigration increases into Palestine

    The 1921 British census reported 83,790 Jews out of the752,048 total population in Palestine.
  • Jaffa Riot

    The Jaffa riot was the first Palestinian attack on The israeli Jaffa settlement. The riot began when two rival Jewish protest groups, the Jewish Communist Party and the Ahdut HaAvoda met and a fist fight broke out. Christians and Muslims helped the police control the Jews. Arabs in the area misinterpreted this as and attack on Palestinians and raised mobs. These mobs broke in Jewish home and violented killed and looted Jews in the area.
  • The Western Wall Uprising

    Muslim and Jews disputed over access to the sacres Western Wall in Jerusalem. A series of riots broke out lasting until the 29th of August, 1929. During that week, 133 Jews were killed by Arabs and 339 others were injured, 110 Arabs were killed by British police and 232 were injured by British police in attempt to diffuse the situation.
  • Jewish Population skyrocketed over past decade

    The 1931 census reports 174,606 Jews living in Palestine out of the 1,033,314 total population.
  • Deir Yassin Massacre

    Jewish Zionist paramilitary forces attacked an Palestinian-Arab community of Deir Yassen. 107 villagers were killed, including women and children. This attack was a result of the Jewish militia's attempt to relieve the blockade of Jerusalem by Palestinian forces during the civil war that preceded the end of British rule in Palestine. Israel's statehood was granted later that year.
  • Israel War of Independence

    Declaration of Israel as the Jewish State. British leave Palestine. Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, Jordan, Saudi Arabia declared war on Israel. Egyptian, Syrian and Jordanian invasion begins.
  • Armistice

    Israel and Arab states agree to an armistice. Israel gains about 50% more territory than was originally allotted to it by the UN Partition Plan.
  • Suez Campaign

    Israel retaliates on Egypt for blocking off Israeli access to the straits of Tiran and Suez by invading the Sinai peninsula and remaining present in the regiion for several months with help from the French and the British. This invasion prevents Egypt from using its new supply of Soviet arms for an attack on Israel.
  • Wave of Arab Socialism

    In a new wave of Arab socialism, the Ba'ath party takes power in Iraq and Syria. Among the key targets of the Ba'ath is the support of the Palestinian cause.
  • Palestine Liberation Organization

    The Palestine Liberation Organization is founded in Cairo by the Arab League with Ahmad Shuqeiri as its leader. Even though Ahmad Shuqeiri is the official leader, the organization is more or less controlled by the Egyption governement.
  • Avivim School Bus Massacre

    Palestinan militants coming from Lebanon attack a school bus, kiling 12 (mostly children) and wounding another 19.
  • Lod Airpot Massacre

    On behalf of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, Japanese Red Army members enter the waiting area of Lod Airport in Tel Aviv and fire indiscriminately at airport staff and visitors. 26 people killed and 78 were injured.
  • Savoy Operation

    Eight Palestinian terrorists in two teams landed by boat in Tel Acic. Shooting and throwing grenades, they captured the Savoy Hotel and take the guests as hostages. Five hostages were freed and eight were killed. Three Israeli soldiers were killed as well.
  • Operation Litani

    Israel, in alliance with the most Christian South Lebanon Army, launches a limited-scope invasion of Lebanon and attempts to push Palestinian militant groups away from the Israel border. The 7-day offensive results in about 285,000 refugess created between 300 and 1200 Lebanese and Palestinian militants and civilians killed.
  • Israel Bombs PLO Headquarters

    Israel bombs PLO headquarters, which had been located in a civilian areaof Beirut and caused more than 300 civilian deaths. THis led the United States to broker a shaky cease-fire between Israeli and the PLO.
  • First Intifada

    The First Intifada begins. Violence, riots, general strikes, and civil disobedience campaigns by Palestinians spread across the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Israeli forces respond with tear gas, plastic bullets, live ammunition.
  • United Nations General Assembly Resolution

    United Nations General Assembly Resolution revoked Resolution 3379 of November 10,1975 with a vote of 111 to 25, with 13 abstentions.
  • Cave of the Patriarchs attack

    Baruch Goldstein opens fire on a group of Palestinian Muslims worshipping at a Mosque, killing 29 and injuring 125. He is subsequently overpowered and beaten to death by survivors.
  • Wye River Memorandum

    Benjamin Netanyahu and Yasser Arafet sign the Wye River Memorandum at a summit in Maryland hosted by Bill Clinton. The sides agreed on steps to facilitate implementation of the INterim Agreement on the Wes Band and Gaza Strip of September 28,1995 and other related agreements including the Hebron Protocol of January 17,1997 so that the Israeli and Palestinian sides could more effectively carry out their reciprocal responsibilities, including those relating to further redeployments.
  • Israeli Army Withdraws

    The Israeli Army withdraws from southern Lebanon, in compliance with the U.N. Resolution 425. Syria and Lebanon insist that the withdrawal is incomplete, claiming the Shebaa Farms as Lebanese and still under occupation. THe UN certifies full Israeli withdrawal.
  • The Battle of Jenin

    The Battle of Jenin, as part of Operation Defensive Shield, Israeli forces enter a Palestinian refugee camp in Jenin, where about a quarter of suicide bombings since 2000 had been launched from. The battle results in the deaths of 23 Israeli soldiers and 52 Palestinians, of which 30-47 were militants and 5-22 were civilians (sources vary). This particular event sparked a great deal of controversy.
  • Operation Days of Penitence

    Israel officially ended a 17-day military operation, named Operation Days of Penitence, in the northern Gaza Strip. The operation was launched in response to a Qassam rocket that killed two children in Sderot. About 108-133 Palestinians were killed during the operation, of whom one third were civilians.
  • Raid on Gaza

    Israeli troops made a raid on Gaza, in which they killed six members of Hamas. Unwisely, thought not surprisingly, Hamas responded with rocket attacks on southern Israel.
  • Airstrikes

    Two airstrikes against weapons tunnels used to smuggle rockets and militants attempting to fire mortars into Israeli are carried out by the Israeli Air Force, killing militants and wounding another 7. The militants were members of Hamas and the Islamic Jihad Movement in Palestine.
  • Civil Administration

    It was revealed that the Civil Administration, a unit of the IDF, has over the years covertly earmarked 10% of the West Bank for further settlement.