Israeli-Arab Conflict since 1947

  • 1948 Arab-Israeli War

    The first Arab-Israeli war was between the State of Israel and the Palestinian Arab forces. There was 10 months of fighting with several truce periods. There were many Palestinian refugees because of the war. Many refugees and their descendants were denied citizenship in Arab states after the war. The refugee issues and right of return debate are issues in the Arab-Israeli conflict.
  • Suez Crisis

    Israel invaded Egypt to gain control of the Suez Canal. Israel and its allies were forced to stop at one point. They invaded again, then ceased fire. Because of the fight, UN police were sent to the border between Israel and Egypt. The Suez Canal was later reopened for ships.
  • Six-Day War

    Soviet intelligence services got information that Israel was sending troops to the border near Syria. Although the report was proven false, troops were still sent to Egypt. Israel struck first with air strikes, then there was a ground invasion later. Israel successfully took control of the Golan Heights, Sinai Peninsula, Gaza Strip, West Bank, and East Jerusalem.
  • War of Attrition

    The War of Attrition was between Egypt and Israel. It was meant to lower Israel's morale after winning the Six Day War. It ended with a ceasefire in 1970.
  • Yom Kippur War

    Egypt and Syria launched a surprise attack on Israel. After the first couple days, Israel stopped the Syrian and Egyptians' advancing armies. Israel eventually withdrew from the canal where the fighting took place.
  • Lebanon War

    Israel attacked Lebanon to get rid of Fatah militants in southern Lebanon. Many people did not approve of the invasion. During the war, Palestinian military personnel were exiled.
  • Oslo Accords

    Israeli prime minister signed the Declaration of Principles, which affected the Palestinian territories. Violence occurred because of opposition to Israeli-Palestinian relations. Agreements for lasting peace did not work.
  • Israel-Jordan Peace Treaty

    The peace treaty was signed by Jordan and Israel. Both countries agreed that their land would not be used for military strikes. The West Bank was given to Jordan. A Lebanese group was the only group to disapprove of the treaty.
  • Intifada of 200

    In major Israeli cities, attacks broke out between Palestinians and Arabs. Palestinians started suicide bombings against Israeli civilians. Both sides of the attacks had economic losses.
  • Lebanon War

    The Lebanon War began with an attack against Israel. The Israelis attacked a lot of southern Lebanon. Many Lebanese civilians were killed. A ceasefire went into effect in August.