Industrial Revolution

  • Industrial Revolution Starts

    The Idustrial Revolution starts in Great Britain. There was an increase in agriculture and money. The government invested in better agricultural advancements. These investments helped the industrial revolution spread to many other countries.
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    Industrial Revolution

  • Spinning Jenny

    James Hargreaves invented a new machine to spin cotton faster. It had eight spokes on its wheel so it could do eight-times the work. James patented it in 1764. Although he was the first, other inventors came to the same conclusion. Citation:
  • Better Iron Purification (Puddling)

    Henry Cort invented the process of puddling which is a better way to purify iron. A substance called coke, derived from coal, was used to burn impurities in crude iron. The new iron was more pure and could be used for many new and different things. Britains's coal industry boomed Citation:
  • Improved Cotton Spinning

    James Watt invented a steam engine to power the machinery. Spinning and weaving could be done by steam instead of men. Many factories throughout Britain bought this new engine. These factories didn't have to go closer to water, they used coal instead.
  • Water-Powered Loom

    The water-powered loom was invented by Edmund Cartwright. Buisness owners moved their estabishments closer to rivers and streams because of this invention. Many more workers were hired. This helped to improve the cotton industry greatly.
  • Fulton's Submarine

    Robert Fulton created a submarine before he created his famous steamboat. The submarine was powed by a kite-like sail and a hand-cranked propeller. It was the first submarine to have different propulsion systems for submerged and and surfaced operations. People could be submerged for 5 hours. Citation:
  • First Steam-Powered Train

    The first team engine was built in Britain. It pulled ten tons of ore and seventy people, but only moved at five miles-per-hour. The train was invented to pull goods all year round. The train helped further th industrial revolution. Citation:
  • First Steamboat

    In the USA, Robert Fulton created the first steam-powered paddle boat. It was called the Clermont. Thousounds of miles of canals and roads were made in the USA at this tme. These boats helped transport goods across the country. Citation:
  • First Public Railway

    The first public railway was called the Rocket. It spanned 32 miles from Liverpool to Manchester. It pulled 40 tons and moved at 16 miles-per-hour. Trains and railroads advanced further as time went on.
  • Factory Act Passed

    The Factory Act of 1833 helped give children rights. It set the minimum age of employment to 9. Children that were between 9 and 13 could work only nine hours a day. Children between 13 and 18 could only work 12 hours a day. Women took the children's place. Citation: