Indian Ocean Trade Timeline

Timeline created by blankford
In History
  • -800 BCE

    Indian Ocean Trade Begins

    Indian Ocean trade begins with small trading settlements
  • -750 BCE

    Arab/Muslim Monopolizing trade

    Arab/Muslim Monopolizing trade
    This trade brought Hinduism and later Islam to Indonesia.
  • -600 BCE

    Religion

    Religion
    Religions begin spreading country to country (Hinduism,, Buddhism, etc)
  • -600 BCE

    DHow

    DHow
    These traditional sailing vessels with one or more masts with lateen sails were used in the Red Sea and Indian Ocean region
  • -550 BCE

    Persian Empire

    Persian Empire
    The first of these was the Achaemenid Empire established by Cyrus the Great in 550 BC with the conquest of Median, Lydian and Babylonian empires.
  • -539 BCE

    Cyrus the Great

    Cyrus the Great
    Persian King conquered Phoenicia
  • -510 BCE

    Scylax's Voyage

    Scylax's Voyage
    Scylax of Caryanda made a voyage into the Indian Ocean from 510-515 BCE. He brought news of new regions that were friendly which encouraged trade expeditions.
  • -431 BCE

    Peloponnesian War

    Peloponnesian War
    Athens and Sparta fought the Peloponnesian War over ownership of a city-state. This cost Athens more than 200 ships, 4500 men and many trading allies. During the 2nd year of this war, a massive plague broke out (Athenian Plague).
  • -400 BCE

    The Isthmus of Kra

    The Isthmus of Kra
    A narrow strip of land that connects the Malay Peninsula to Asia. fourth century BCE traders from India reached the rest of S.E Asia by crossing the Isthmus of Kra, rather than making the longer and more difficult journey around the entire Malay Peninsula. Crops such as sugar cane, cotton, sesame, and rice were grown for export with irrigation, and became known elsewhere through the Indian Ocean trade.
  • -365 BCE

    Alexander the Great

    Alexander the Great
    The acquisitions of Alexander the Great laid the groundwork for centuries of interaction and cultural exchanges. He instituted the city of Alexandria in Egypt, which would then become a major center of art and trade.
  • -325 BCE

    Mauryan Empire of India

    Mauryan Empire of India
    started after Alexander the Great died. Very Powerful.
  • -300 BCE

    Frankincense and Myrrh

    Frankincense and Myrrh
    Frankincense and myrrh were transported by Arab merchants-along with spices, gold, ivory, pearls, precious stones and textiles.
  • -206 BCE

    Han Dynasty

    Han Dynasty
    Silk traveled overland between Rome and China
    during the Han dynasty, but also appeared on the sea route.
  • -200 BCE

    Stern Invented

    this made travelling by boat much easier
  • -130 BCE

    Roman Trade with India

    Roman Trade with India
    initiated by Eudoxus of Cyzicus kept increasing
  • -45 BCE

    Hippalus

    Hippalus
    Greek navigator discovered the monsoon winds and the route across the Arabian Sea to India around 45 AD.
  • -1 BCE

    Aden

    Aden
    convenient port position on the sea route between India and Europe (1st century) Exported perfumes, frankincense and myrrh to Persian cities. Imported precious stones, spices, cotton, timber, and grain from India; Silk, tea, tin, sandalwood from Asia; Wine, gold, olives, glassware, and ceramics from the Mediterranean; Iron, ivory, gold, slaves, and leopard skin from Africa.
  • 100

    Pepper

    Pepper
    Peppercorns were an important part of the spice trade. The spice was considered so valuable that the ancient Romans used it as a form of money, equal to gold and other precious metals.
  • 165

    Antonine Plague

    Antonine Plague
    Also known as the plague of Galen, this plague affected a lot of Roman and Indian trade. It was an ancient pandemic brought to the Roman Empire by troops returning from the Near East. Historians suspect it could have been smallpox or measles.
  • 200

    Angkor Borei and Phnom Da

    Angkor Borei and Phnom Da
    Funan's ships dominated territory across the Indochinese peninsula and controlled trade between China and India. The cities of Funan also transferred trade goods from the Indian Ocean and South China Sea ports into inland trade routes.