Humanities 7A Brazil Timline

  • Period: Jan 1, 1500 to


  • Apr 22, 1500

    Pedro Cabral claims Brazil

    Pedro Cabral claims Brazil
    Explorer Pedro Cabral lands in Brazil and claims it for Portugal.
  • 1530

    The first Portuguese settlements in Brazil

    The first Portuguese settlements in Brazil
    In 1530, an expedition led by Martim Afonso do Sousa arrived in Brazil to patrol the entire coast, ban the French, and create the first colonial villages like Sao Vicente on the Coast. This marks the first Portuguese settlements in Brazil.
  • 1532

    Sugarcane was established

    Sugarcane was established
    The first sugarcane farms were established. At first, the Portuguese tried to enslave the native population.
  • 1549

    Tome de Sousa Sailed to Brazil to estalish a government

    Tome de Sousa Sailed to Brazil to estalish a government
    In 1549, Tome deSousa sailed. to Brazil to establish a central government De Sousa brought along Jesuits, who set up missions, saved many Natives from slavery, studied native languages, and converted many natives to Roman Catholicism.
  • 1555

    French take control of a Harbor

    French take control of a Harbor
    In 1555, French forces occupied Rio de Janeiro harbor. Two years later, Portugal regained control and established the city of Rio de Janeiro.
  • Dutch with draw form Brazil

    Dutch with draw form Brazil
    Dutch withdrew from Brazil. Starting in the late 1500s, the sugar production in the Dutch began some commercial sugar production in the Brazilian Northeast. From 1630-1654 they set up permanently in Recife and controlled large stretches of Brazil. After several years of war with the Portuguese, the Dutch withdrew.
  • Gold was Discovered

    Gold was Discovered
    In 1695 gold was discovered in Brazil's interior. WAAHOOOO!!!!!!
  • Period: to


  • Portagal Gives Up Land

    Portagal Gives Up Land
    Portugal gives up Colonia do Sacramento in the Treaty of Utrecht (aka Spanish Succession)
  • Coffee is Introduced to Brazil

    Coffee is Introduced to Brazil
    This wouldn't change much at first, but 100 years later, it would have a huge impact.
  • "Minas Conspiracy" Fails

    "Minas Conspiracy" Fails
    The Minas Conspiracy was a group inspired by the U.S. Revolution. These Brazilians wanted to become independent of Portugal. Sadly they failed.
  • France invades Portugal

    France invades Portugal
    John VI flees to Brazil with his family including his son Pedro.
  • Brazil Becomes Part of Portagal

    Brazil Becomes Part of Portagal
    Brazil became part of the Portuguese Kingdom called: The United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves.
  • Pedro The First declares Brazil Independent From Portugal

    Pedro The First declares Brazil Independent From Portugal
    Pedro refused to obey the Cortes. He said: "Tell the people that I am staying."
  • Brazilian Constitution

    Brazilian Constitution
    Pedro I Wrote the First Brazilian Constitution.
  • Corantion

    Coronation of Pedro II, son of Pedro I
  • Period: to


  • The War of the Triple Alliance

    The War of the Triple Alliance
    South America's War of the Triple Alliance saw Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay aligned against Paraguay. The Triple Alliance believed Paraguay was undermining the region's political stability. The war ended in the crushing defeat of Paraguay with as much as 90% of its adult male population killed!
  • Slavery in Brazil

    Slavery in Brazil
    After the American Civil War, some Southerners moved to Brazil where the government offered land grants and slavery was still permitted.
  • End of slavery

    End of slavery
    On May 13th slavery was abolished in Brazil. some 4 million slaves had been imported, the most of any nation in the Western Hemisphere.
  • The End of the Monarchy

    The End of the Monarchy
    November 15th, in Rio Janeiro, Brazil, emperor Dom Pedro II was overthrown and military officers established a Republic.
  • Christ the Redeemer Statue

    Christ the Redeemer Statue
    On October 12th, the Rio do Janeiro 98-foot statue of Christ the Redeemer was unveiled atop Corcovado Mountain as a belated monument to 100 years of independence from Portugal (1822).
  • Brazilian Women Suffrage

    Brazilian Women Suffrage
    Brazilian women won the right to vote! Women had long been without many rights until lawyer Berta Lutz organized educated women to campaign for suffrage.
  • World War II

    World War II
    On August 22nd, Brazil declared war on the Axis powers. they were the only South American country to send combat troops into Europe.
  • Vargas Is In Power

    Vargas Is In Power
    In 1945, military dictator Vargas was deposed by the military in a surprise coup.
  • Vargas is elected President

    Vargas is elected President
    In 1950, Vargas was democratically elected as President. Vargas announced a plan to industrialize the nation and nationalize the country's natural resources.
  • Period: to


  • Vargas Faces Another Coup

    Vargas Faces Another Coup
    Vargas' death energized the opposition against the military and saved the country from bloodshed for an additional ten years.
  • Ria do Janeiro we the capital

    Ria do Janeiro we the capital
    From 1763 to 1960, Rio de Janeiro was the capital. In order to centralize the power and not favor a region, the capital is moved to Brazillio in 1960.
  • Military Dictatorships

    Military Dictatorships
    Humberto Castelo Branco, who from 1964 to 1967 served as the military dictator. there was a slow move to liberal democracy, but in 1964, the military finally pulled off their coup.
  • Civilians' Government was restored

    Civilians' Government was restored
    In 1985, civilian government was restored. This was the beginning of the New Republic.
  • First Women President

    First Women President
    In 2010, Dilma Rousseff was elected, the first woman in Brazilian history to become president.