Images (6)

Honors World Timeline-Lizzie Koeller

  • Period: Dec 5, 1000 to Dec 5, 1100

    Rome Interactions 2

    The Latins migrated into Italy in the 1000s BC. These were the people that built Rome
  • Dec 5, 1027

    China Political 2

    Around 1027 B.C. the Zhou overthrew the Shang and established their own dynasty. This brought new ideas to the Chinese civilization.
  • Period: Dec 5, 1027 to

    China Political 3

    The Shang Dynasty lasted from around 1700 B.C. to 1027B.C. This was the first ruling family to keep written records.
  • Dec 6, 1027

    China Economic 2

    Roads and canals were developed during the Zhou dynasty (started in 1027 BC) which improved trade
  • Dec 6, 1027

    China Economic 3

    From when the Zhou started ruling in 1027 B.C. coined money was introduced, which further improved trade.
  • Dec 6, 1027

    China Economic 1

    The Zhou dynasty (Started in 1027 BC) developed blast furnaces which produced cast iron (Good for trade and development).
  • Period: Dec 6, 1100 to

    Greece Political 2

    Strong rulers controlled the areas around other Mycenaean cities, such as Tiryns and Athens. These kings dominated Greece from about 1600 to 1100 B.C.
  • Dec 5, 1133

    Rome Economic 3

    In 133 BC the soldier-farmers were being treated badly. After the people fought in war they would come home and find their farm sold or destroyed. This reduced many of the farmer to poverty.
  • Dec 5, 1150

    Indus Valley Social 2

    1500 BC Aryans, who were nomadic people, came into the Indus valley and Indian civilizations grow again under the influence of the nomads.
  • Dec 5, 1150

    Indus Valley Social 1

    Very very few weapons have been found in the Indus Valley, implying that they were a very peaceful people and did not have very many wars.
  • Period: Dec 6, 1150 to

    Greece Cultural 1

    Around 1150 BC and through 750 BC no written records of Greece were kept. Historians believe this happened because when the Dorians took over (who were much less advanced than the Mycenaeans) they lost the art of writing.
  • Dec 5, 1175

    Indus Valley Cultural 1

    The city of Harappa was partially built on mud-brick platforms to protect it from flooding. The city was very geometric, streets were a grid system.
  • Dec 5, 1175

    Indus Valley Cultural 3

    There was a very unified religion in the Indus Valley culture. Animal images seemed to be very popular
  • Dec 5, 1175

    Indus Valley Economic 2

    1750BC began the economic and political decline of the Indus Valley region. Cities along the rivers suffered disasters and survived, but some were destroyed.
  • Dec 5, 1175

    Indus Valley Economic 3

    1750BC Trade became impossible because the environmental changes left the ground unable to be farmed on.
  • Dec 5, 1175

    Indus Valley Cultural 2

    400 symbols make up the Indus language but linguists have not found any translations. It resembles hieroglyphics and cuneiform, although it is not bilingual.
  • Period: Dec 5, 1180 to Dec 5, 1260

    Indus Valley Economic 1

    2600-1800BC The Harappans had a very successful trading process with other people in the region. They received gold and silver through their link to the sea.
  • Period: Dec 5, 1184 to Dec 5, 1204

    Egypt Economic 1

    2040-1640BC the Middle Kingdom improved trade and transportation by creating a canal from the Nile to the Red Sea.
  • Dec 5, 1200

    Greece Economic 2

    Trade halted for Greece right after 1200 BC after the Dorians took control from the Mycenaeans because they were far less advanced and the economy collapsed.
  • Period: Dec 5, 1200 to Dec 5, 1300

    Mesopotamia Political 3

    3000-2000BC city-states were constantly at war with each other. The important part about this was that the civilization did not die despite the weakened city-states.
  • Dec 6, 1200

    Greece Political 1

    Around 1200 B.C., sea raiders attacked and burned many Mycenaean cities. According to tradition, a new group of people, the Dorians moved into the war-torn countryside.
  • Period: Dec 6, 1200 to Dec 6, 1300

    Greece Political 3

    During the 1200s B.C., the Mycenaeans fought a ten-year war against Troy, an independent trading city located in Anatolia. For many years historians thought the war was fake, but excavations proved it existence.
  • Dec 5, 1218

    Egypt Economic 2

    2180BC the power of pharaohs declined making the end of the Old Kingdom.
  • Dec 5, 1218

    Rome Interactions 4

    In 218 BC, Hannibal led an army with elephants into battle. This helped Rome win the battles.
  • Dec 5, 1221

    China Interactions 1

    In 221 B.C., after ruling for over 20 years, the Qin ruler assumed the name Shi Huangdi which means. The new emperor’s victories in war doubled China’s size.
  • Dec 5, 1223

    China Interactions 2

    Around 223 BC China started constructing its first walls which built up to the great wall of China. They did this to protect themselves in war.
  • Dec 5, 1225

    Greece Interactions 1

    The largest known Hellenistic statue was created on the island of Rhodes. Known as the Colossus of Rhodes, this bronze statue stood more than 100 feet high. One of the seven wonders of the ancient world, this huge sculpture was toppled by an earth quake in about 225 B.C.
  • Dec 5, 1230

    Mesopotamia Cultural 1

    2300BC Around this time cuneiform was created. Cuneiform is the Sumerian system of writing that they used for keeping records about city-states as well as their advances in science and math.
  • Dec 5, 1235

    Mesopotamia Political 1

    2350BC Sargon defeated Sumer’s city-states, creating the world’s first empire.
  • Dec 5, 1250

    Mesopotamia Political 2

    2500BC city-states began falling under the rule of dynasties after war became more common and commanders gained control.
  • Dec 5, 1250

    Mesopotamia Cultural 2

    2500BC With new cities arising, cultural diffusion began becoming more prominent. Polytheism along with technology was being spread.
  • Dec 5, 1250

    Indus Valley Political 2

    2500 BC Planned cities arose, strong walls were built to keep water out. More than 100 settlements have been discovered.
  • Dec 5, 1250

    Indus Valley Political 3

    2500BC What is now called Pakistan was India’s first created civilization. The first cities were building and first to use brick, started using levees and walls to hold out the water.
  • Dec 5, 1264

    Rome Interactions 3

    264 BC Punic War between Rome and Carthage. Romans built navy of their own and defeated Carthage.
  • Dec 5, 1300

    Mesopotamia Cultural 3

    3000BC Sumerians built a number of city-states. Sumerians were one of the first groups of people in history to form civilizations. (advanced cities, specialized workers, complex institutions, record keeping and improved technology)
  • Dec 5, 1300

    Mesopotamia Economic 1

    Trade became very popular in Sumer, they trades with Southwest Asia exchanging woven textiles for stone, metals, and timber.
  • Dec 5, 1300

    Mesopotamia Economic 2

    The fertile land and irrigation systems made trade easier, as well as making Sumer a more desirable place to live.
  • Dec 5, 1300

    Mesopotamia Economic 3

    Empires began to conquer Sumer because of the gain of riches.
  • Dec 5, 1300

    Egypt Political 2

    3000BC Narmer united the two kingdoms in Egypt, creating the first Egyptian dynasty.
  • Dec 5, 1300

    Egypt Political 3

    Egypt had a theocracy. The pharaoh was the center of religion and government. The pharaoh’s duty was to promote justice and truth.
  • Dec 5, 1300

    Egypt Interactions 1

    The Nile River flows for 4,100 miles. It is the longest river in the world, this river led to many settlements.
  • Dec 5, 1300

    Egypt Interactions 2

    The river recedes in October leaving behind fertile mud, called silt. Egypt is called “The Gift of the Nile”
  • Dec 5, 1300

    Egypt Cultural 1

    Egyptians believed that the king ruled even in his afterlife. His Ka, eternal life force, continued to take part in the governing of Egypt.
  • Dec 5, 1300

    Egypt Cultural 2

    Pyramids were great engineering achievements. They reflect Egypt’s strength and showed economic and technological advancements.
  • Dec 5, 1300

    Egypt Cultural 3

    Egyptians were polytheistic and worshiped more than 2,000 gods.
  • Dec 5, 1300

    Egypt Economic 1

    Egyptians created hieroglyphics that was a flexible writing system in order to keep track of any records.
  • Dec 5, 1300

    Greece Interactons 3

    By 3000 BC, Minoans had settled on the island of Crete in the Mediterranean sea. They created an elegant civilization as the same time Greece was growing.
  • Dec 5, 1310

    Rome Economic 2

    31 BC Octavian took over because he won at the Battle of Actium and the peace brought to Rome allowed trade to grow and strengthen.
  • Dec 5, 1320

    Egypt Social 1

    Pharaohs ruled as Gods, they were thought to be almost as powerful as heavens’ gods.
  • Dec 5, 1320

    Egypt Social 2

    When a person died, the Egyptians preserved the body by mummification to keep it from decaying.
  • Dec 5, 1320

    Egypt Social 3

    Egyptian society formed a pyramid, with the king, queen, and royal family were on top. Wealthy people were next in the upper class. Then the middle class: merchants and artisans. The lowest class was the largest class consisting of servants and farmers.
  • Dec 5, 1320

    Egypt Political 1

    3200BC Egypt was under the rule of two separate kingdoms.
  • Dec 5, 1320

    Indus Valley Social 3

    3200BC The people were farming and improving agriculture in villages by the Indus River.
  • Dec 5, 1320

    Indus Valley Political 1

    3200 BC people were farming in villages along the Indus River.
  • Dec 5, 1320

    Indus Valley Interactions 1

    The Indus Valley had many natural barriers for protection, the mountains to the north and a large desert to the east.
  • Dec 5, 1320

    Indus Valley Interactions 3

    The unpredictable weather gave the people of the Indus Valley a difficult time producing crops.
  • Dec 5, 1320

    Indus Valley Interactions 2

    Monsoons dominated the climate, these powerful wind storms bring a lot of moisture, allowing for flooding. If monsoons fail to develop then the crops suffered.
  • Dec 5, 1330

    Mesopotamia Interaction 3

    The Sumerians created irrigation systems, built walls, and began to trade the natural resources that they had for ones they needed.
  • Dec 5, 1330

    Mesopotamia Interaction 2

    3300BC Sumerians arrived, attracted by good soil. However flooding was common, there were no natural barriers, and natural resources were limited.
  • Period: Dec 5, 1371 to

    Greece Social 3

    600 to 371 BC the Spartans had the strongest army which means all lives were devoted to protecting Sparta. Girls’ lives were even different than normal for that time period, they received some military training, and they also ran, wrestled, and played sports.
  • Dec 5, 1450

    Rome Social 2

    450BC Plebeians forced patricians to write down laws and displayed in Roman Forum.
  • Dec 5, 1450

    Rome Social 1

    450BC Romes first written law code that organized patricians at the insistence of the plebeians. Some laws dealt with trials.
  • Dec 5, 1494

    Rome Social 3

    494BC Invaders threatened Rome and pleblians left Rome and refused to fight until changes were made.
  • Dec 5, 1500

    Mesopotamia Interaction 1

    5500 BC people began to settle and farm the lands of the southern part of the Fertile Crescent.
  • Dec 5, 1500

    Egypt Interactions 3

    5000 BC Egyptians lived in farming villages. Each village includes its own rituals and gods.
  • Dec 5, 1500

    Greece Economic 3

    Sometime after 1500 B.C., through either trade or war, the Mycenaeans came into contact with the Minoan civilization. This set up sea trade for the Mycenaeans.
  • Dec 6, 1500

    Greece Cultural 3

    Around 1500 BC when the Mycenaeans met the Minoans they adopted the Minoan writing system to the Greek language and decorated vases with Minoan designs. The Minoan- influenced culture of Mycenae formed the core of Greek religious practice, art, politics, and literature.
  • Dec 5, 1509

    Rome Political 3

    509BC Romans threw out a tyrant and established a republic
  • Dec 5, 1551

    China Cultural 1

    In 551 B.C., Confucius was born. Confucius became a teacher and a minister and his ideas molded Chinese thought for centuries.
  • Greece Social 1

    More far-reaching democratic reforms were introduced by Solon, who came to power in 594 B.C. Stating that no citizen should own another citizen, Solon outlawed debt slavery. He organized all Athenian citizens into four social classes according to wealth.
  • Rome Economic 1

    60 BC Ceasar Pompeii and Crassus created the first triumvirate, rule of three men, over the Roman republic.
  • Rome Political 2

    -616BC Rome ruled by Etruscans of Northern Italy who influenced Greece.
  • Rome Cultural 1

    Rome was controlled by the Etruscans in 616 BC. When they took over they created Rome’s first alphabet and number system.
  • Rome Cultural 2

    The control of the Etruscans in Rome introduced gladiator games and chariot races to Rome (616 BC)
  • Rome Cultural 3

    The Etruscans, who took control of Rome in 616 BC influenced Rome sculpture and painting. Most of what historians know about Etruscans come from Rome items.
  • Rome Interactions 1

    616 BC when the Etruscans took control is when Rome’s first city walls were built. This provided protection for Rome.
  • Period: to

    Greece Cultural 2

    Sometime between 750 and 700 BC Homer, writer of the Iliad and the Odyssey, brought back the glory of writing in Greece by composing his epics, narrative poems celebrating heroic deeds.
  • Greece Economic 1

    725 B.C., Sparta conquered the neighboring region of Messenia and took over the land. The Messenians became helots, peasants forced to stay on the land they worked. Each year, the Spartans demanded half of the helots crops.
  • Greece Social 2

    By 750 B.C., the city-state, or polis, was the fundamental political unit in ancient Greece. Some had monarchies, some had aristocracies (government ruled by a small group of noble, landowning families), or even oligarchies (government ruled by a few powerful people).
  • Rome Political 1

    753BC Romulus and Remus raised by she-wolf, they founded Rome.
  • China Political 1

    In 771 B.C., nomads from the north and west attacked the Zhou capital and murdered the Zhou monarch. This caused the decline of the Zhou dynasty and caused the period of the warring states.
  • Mesopotamia Social 1

    1792BC Hammurabi’s Code gave rights and freedoms along with restrictions. Engraved in stone, these 282 laws were posted around the city of Babylon.
  • Mesopotamia Social 2

    Social structure went kings, priests, and agents. Then landowners and wealthy merchants, followed by artisans, farmers, laborers, and slaves at the very bottom.
  • Mesopotamia Social 3

    Sumerian women were very privileged, they could work as merchants, farmers, or artisans. They could also join the priesthood and own land.
  • China Interactions 3

    Around 2000 B.C. small settlements grew into China’s first cities. This was the start of the Chinese empire
  • China Cultural 2

    2000 B.C. China’s engineer and mathematician made flood control and irrigation projects so that Chinese settlements could grow.
  • China Cultural 3

    In China, the family was closely linked to religion. The Chinese believed that the spirits of family ancestors had the power to bring good fortune or disaster to living members of the family. The Chinese did not regard these spirits as mighty gods.
  • Greece Interactions 2

    Some of the people migrating from the Eurasian steppes settled in the mainland of Greece around 2000 BC.This started the Greek civilization, the were later known as Mycenaeans.
  • China Social 1

    The start of the first settlements in 2000 B.C. formed early cities. The higher classes lived in timber-framed houses with walls of clay and straw. These houses lay inside the city walls. The peasants and crafts-people lived in huts outside the city.
  • Chine Social 2

    In ancient China Family was more important than the individual. A person’s chief loyalty throughout life was to the family. Beyond this, people owed obedience and respect to the ruler of the Middle Kingdom, just as they did to the elders in their family. Settlements were made around 2000 BC.
  • China Social 3

    The way the Chinese civilization was set up in 2000 BC was the society was sharply divided between nobles and peasants. A ruling class of warrior-nobles headed by a king governed the Shang. These noble families owned the land. They governed the scattered villages within the Shang lands and sent tribute to the Shang ruler in exchange for local control.