Jan 1, 1000
6000 BCDiscovery of Agriculture The discovery of agriculture was very important to human history. According to The Free Dictionary, agriculture is “the art or science of cultivating the ground, including the harvesting of crops, and the rearing and management of live stock.” The discovery of agriculture was after the Paleolithic Era and the start of the Neolithic Era. When the hunter-gatherers realized the idea of growing their food, they no longer had to hunt for their daily consumption of necessary
Jan 2, 1000
6000 BC (cont.)nutrients. This also meant that they had to ability to now settle into lands. Before, when they were hunter-gatherers, they were nomadic people. They went from place to place, staying there until they had finished all of the resources in the land. Agriculture allowed the people to get what they needed and because of it they had more control over their environment. Agriculture was the start of the foundation of a civilization. How would cities, towns, or state be able to feed their people if it
Jan 3, 1000
6000 BC (cont.)were not for the discovery of agriculture? In fact early civilizations had developed near rivers in order to have water, fertile soil for crops, and irrigation. Because civilizations now had supplies of food, they could last longer. They would not die off as easily as before.
Jan 4, 1000
551 BCConfucius Confucius was born in the year 551 BC. He was many things, a Chinese thinker, a political figure, and an educator. There are many people who think greatly of him even in today’s society. “Confuciasm… played an almost equally important role in …Roman and Japanese thought.” (Andrea, and Overfeild 90-95) Confucius wrote the Analects, which was comprised of moral and ethical principles that he believed in. He stressed the need for filial piety, which meant to respect those that are older
Jan 5, 1000
551 BC (cont.)than oneself. In the Analects he wrote, “Master You said: ‘Those who are filial to their parents and obedient to their elder brothers but are apt to defy their superiors are rare indeed.” (Andrea, and Overfeild 90-95) He implied that having filial piety would be helpful to the government and it will make people less likely to go against them. Confucius also came up with the five relationships: ruler and subject, father and son, husband and wife, older and younger brother, and friend and friend.
Jan 6, 1000
551 BC (cont.)He also believes that the government should promote the upright and place them above the criminals. So that its people are less likely to be disobedient.
- Andrea, Alfred J., and James H. Overfeild. The Human Record Sources of Global History. 5th. I: To 1700. Boston, New York: Houghton Miffin Company, 90-95. Print.
Jan 7, 1000
469 BCSocrates Socrates was born in the year 469 BC. He was a Athenian philosopher. Socrates believe in questioning or challenging the authority. He encouraged many of his followers and children to start asking questions and to start thinking for themselves. He had never written anything, all his writings were written by his students. Socrates once said, “I think the god fastened me upon the city… (to) go about arousing, and urging and reproaching each one of you…” His questions soon become an
Jan 8, 1000
469 BC (cont.)annoyance to the government and he was nicknamed the “gadfly of Athens.” He tried convincing them why they should not sentence him to death by saying that he treats everyone with care, as if they were his blood-relatives. He also says that he believes that he is a gift from god and that the people should treat him it. But he was soon sentenced to death because the government felt threatened about his beliefs. Although he was sentenced to death, Socrates way of thinking revolutionized how people
Jan 9, 1000
469 BC (cont.)thought of the government. Before they had just blindly followed the authority and had never questioned them.
Jan 10, 1000
403 BCDemocracy is Established in Athens Athenian democracy was the first democracy of its kind. It was not a democracy at first but a monarchy. Although the change from monarchy to democracy was slow, it was a successful government. There were no politicians to represent them but rather it was themselves, the people as a whole. The Athenian government limited their power. All of the citizens would vote for the laws for their government. This was done without representatives. Everyone had a say in it
Jan 11, 1000
403 BC (cont.)But citizens only counted as free men. Which meant the women and slaves did not count as a citizen. Many there ways were passed down to other civilizations. An example would be Rome.
Jan 12, 1000
63 BCAugustus Caesar Born in 63 BC, Augustus Caesar was the first emperor that lead Rome to many years of peace. This span of time was called the Pax Romana. In that time, Rome was at its highest peak for its economy. There was trade, prosperity, and travel. Many people now had time to enjoy life and took interests in the arts. “All roads lead to Rome,” was a saying about this time period because there were constructions of roads all over their city-state. “This man, this is he whom so often you
Jan 13, 1000
63 BC (cont.)heard promised to you. This I Caesar Augustus, son of a god, who shall again establish a Golden Age in Latium…” (Andrea, and Overfeild 130-136) Augustus had build an extensive empire because of his many conquests. Its was explained that it was Augustus Caesar’s “god-given” right to be able to conquer all of the land he had conquered.
- Andrea, Alfred J., and James H. Overfeild. The Human Record Sources of Global History. 5th. I: To 1700. Boston, New York: Houghton Miffin Company, 130-136. Print
Jan 14, 1000
742Charlemagne Charlemagne was born in the year 742. He has built a large empire through conquest. In doing this, he has also spread his beliefs, his religion. He gave people the option, to convert or to be conquered. Many times people went along with him. But there were some instances that they did not want to convert and tried to fight him and his army. The Holy Roman Church today is composed of various people from many background. And they also have many followers.
Jan 15, 1000
1452Leonardo da Vinci Leonardo da Vinci was a man born in the year 1452. Leonardo da Vinci was in every essence a “Renaissance man.” A Renaissance man meaning a person that has many accomplishments. Leonardo da Vince was in a time where Church was the most important thing in their lives. But at the start of the Renaissance, people became to move away from the Church and towards education and the arts. Leonardo da Vinci was not only a great painter but a great thinker as well. He had a great
Jan 16, 1000
1452 (cont.)scientific mind and he was curios about what he saw in nature. Without his findings and interpretations life would be different from now.
Jan 17, 1000
1469Niccolo Machiavelli Niccolo Machiavelli was also a man from the Renaissance. He was best known for his book “The Prince.” In it he writes how much he wants to change the government into a more stronger and fierce one. He writes, “…prince must know how to use the character of beasts, he should pick for imitation the fox and the lion. As the lion cannot protect himself from traps, and the fox cannot defend himself from wolves.” In this, he says that one cannot be a great leader with being both
Jan 18, 1000
1469 (cont.)aggressive and intelligent. The leader should not have one and the other. He believes that it is better to be feared than to be loved because if you are feared there will be less people that will oppose you. Machiavelli still effects people today. Many people want to learn about an from him. An example would be Eminem.
- Machiavelli, Niccolo. The Prince. 1513 B.C.E.. Print.