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Roman Empire - Armando Robles

By ARoblez
  • Period: Jan 1, 1000 to

    The Roman World

    This spans from the beginnings of Rome and the Republic (1000 BC) to the end of the Western Empire (476 AD) and the Byzantine Empire.
    The real dates are right next to the fake dates (fake dates for point placement accuracy).
    KEY:
    1000= 1000 BC
    2000= 0
    2565= 565 AD
    2476= 476 AD
  • Jan 1, 1343

    657 BC Byzantium is Founded

    657 BC Byzantium is Founded
    657 BC. The city of Byzantium is founded. It originated as an ancient Greek colony and would later go on to become the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire under the new name of Constantinople,
  • Jan 1, 1491

    509 BC Rome Becomes A Republic

    509 BC Rome Becomes A Republic
    509 BC-27 BC. Wealthy Roman landowners overthrow the Etruscan king and, in place of a monarchy, establish a Republic.
  • 264 BC First Punic War

    264 BC First Punic War
    264 BC-241 BC. Rome goes to war with Carthage. They would ram their ships into Carthagian ships and promptly board the enemy ships to attack. The result is a Roman victory in which Carthage payed for damages and gave up Sicily.
  • 218 BC The Second Punic War

    218 BC The Second Punic War
    218 BC-202 BC. General Hannibal assembles a large Carthagian Army and marches ino Italy. Using infantry, cavalrymen, and even elephants, he and his army defeated the Romans in many battles and went around destroying the countryside. Rome invades Carthage in 216 BC and forces Hannibal's army to return home. Rome wins again and Carthage has to pay for damages as well as give up most of its navy and colonies in Spain. Carthage is left powerless, yet independent.
  • 179 BC The Roman Forum

    179 BC The Roman Forum
    179 BC-312 AD. The Roman Forum, a social, political, and economical center in the center of Rome, began with the construction of the Basilica Aemilia, then the Basilica Julia and the Curia Julia by Caesar, and finally the creation of the Basilica Maxentius by Constantine.
  • 149 BC The Third Punic War

    149 BC The Third Punic War
    149 BC-146 BC. Rome's spite for Carthage drove them to completely destroy the city. 197 BC. They also got revenge on Macedonia after Macedonia had become allies with Carthage.
  • 49 BC Pompey Goes into Exile

    49 BC Pompey Goes into Exile
    49 BC. Refusing to give up his army and become Pompey's second in command, Julius Caesar marches his army toward Rome. Pompey fled to Greece with his followers.
  • 44 BC Julius Caesar Becomes Dictator

    44 BC Julius Caesar Becomes Dictator
    44 BC. After Craussus dies in battle and Julius Caesar defeats Pompey in Greece in 46 BC,Caesar becomes the only remaining ruler from the original Triumvirate. 2 years after his return, Senate declares him dictator for life.
  • 44 BC Julius Caesar is Assassinated

    44 BC Julius Caesar is Assassinated
    44 BC. Julius Caesar is assassinated by a group of senators who had formed a conspiracy against him because they feared his ambition and popularity.
  • 30 BC Antony Commits Suicide

    30 BC Antony Commits Suicide
    30 BC. After going to war with Octavian, Antony is defeated at the Battle of Actium and flees to Alexandria where he commits suicide.
  • 30 BC Cleopatra Commits Suicide

    30 BC Cleopatra Commits Suicide
    30 BC. After being chased back into Alexandria, Egypt, by Octavian, Cleopatra becomes Octavians prisoner. With no escape, she commits suicide.
  • 27 BC Augustus Becomes Emperor

    27 BC Augustus Becomes Emperor
    27 BC. After Octavian defeats Antony and Cleopatra, he takes his position as leader of the Roman Senate. The title "Augustus," meaning "the revered one," is given to him by the senators.
  • 27 BC The Beginning of the Pax Romana

    27 BC The Beginning of the Pax Romana
    27 BC-180 AD. A period of peace in the Roman Empire begins with the rule of Augustus and lasts over 2 centuries.
  • 4 BC Jesus is born

    4 BC Jesus is born
    4 BC. Jesus Christ is born in Bethlehem, Judea.
  • 30 AD Jesus is Crucified

    30 AD Jesus is Crucified
    30 AD. Jesus is put on trial by Jewish religious leaders before Pontious Pilate. He is found guilty and crucified shortly after.
  • 70 AD Jews and The Empire

    70 AD Jews and The Empire
    70 AD. The Jews are revolting against Rome (66 AD-70 AD). Following the revolt, the Romans sack their holy city of Jerusalem.
  • 79 AD Mount Vesuvius Erupts

    79 AD Mount Vesuvius Erupts
    79 AD. Mount Vesuvius has a volcanic eruption in the summer and the result is the destruction of the city of Pompeii.
  • 80 AD The Colosseum is Built

    80 AD The Colosseum is Built
    80 AD. The construction of the Colosseum, a large amphitheatre used to view gladiator fights, is begun in the center of the city of Rome in 72 AD and was completed in 80 AD.
  • 128 AD Hadrian's Wall

    128 AD Hadrian's Wall
    128 AD. Hadrian had a wall built in Northern Britain that stretched from sea to sea and protected the boundaries of the empire. Construction began around 122 AD and was finished around 6 years later.
  • 313 AD Edict of Milan

    313 AD Edict of Milan
    313 AD. At this time, Constantine and Licinius signed a proclamation of religious freedom that applied to the entire Roman Empire. This was around the time Constantine declared support for Christianity, which was in 312 AD.
  • 324 AD Constantine is Emperor

    324 AD Constantine is Emperor
    324 AD. After his father dies in 309 AD, Constantine takes his place as Emperor. The emperor of the East and Constantine entered into a war and by 324 AD Constantine emerged victorious as the sole emperor.
  • 330 AD Constantinople

    330 AD Constantinople
    330 AD. Constantine creates a new Roman Capital city in the East called Constantinople, on the site of the former Greek city called Byzantium.
  • 391 AD Theodosius and Christianity

    391 AD Theodosius and Christianity
    391 AD. Theodosius makes Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire.
  • 395 AD The Division

    395 AD The Division
    395 AD. The Roman Empire splits into the Eastern Roman Empire and the Western Roman Empire permanently when Theodisius dies, around 50 years after Constantinople's death.
  • 455 AD The Vandals Sack Rome

    455 AD The Vandals Sack Rome
    455 AD. After an attack in 410 AD on Rome by the Visigoth King, Alaric, the Vandals found it easy to cross the empire's borders. After conquering North Africa, they returned to Europe and sacked Rome.
  • 476 AD Western Rome's Last Emperor

    476 AD Western Rome's Last Emperor
    476 AD. The last Roman emperor of the west, Romulus Augustulus, is deposed by a barbarian commander.
  • 481 AD Clovis and the Franks

    481 AD Clovis and the Franks
    481 AD . At this time, Clovis became the king of a Frank tribe which would conquer and absorb other Frankish tribes. Eventually, he ruled most of Gaul.
  • 527 AD Justinian is Emperor

    527 AD Justinian is Emperor
    527 AD Justinian gains the "throne," making him Emperor of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 537 AD the Hagia Sophia

    537 AD the Hagia Sophia
    537 AD. Emperor Justinian has the Hagia Sophia built and it was completed in 537 AD, built in the very short time just over five years.