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Greek History

  • 1600 BCE

    1600 BC

    1600 BC
    Greek civilization started around 1600 BC with the beginning of Mycenaean period.
  • 1453 BCE

    ottoman

    ottoman
    The Ottoman Turks capture Constantinople and topple the Byzantium Empire. Greece becomes part of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1250 BCE

    Trojan War

    Trojan War
    he Trojan War was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus, king of Sparta. The war is one of the most important events in Greek mythology and has been narrated through many works of Greek literature, most notably Homer's Iliad.
  • 1100 BCE

    Dorian Invaders

    Dorian Invaders
    Mycenaean Greece was invaded by Dorian tribesmen from the north. The Dorians had iron weapons which they use to good effect to defeat and conquer the Mycenaeans.
  • 1000 BCE

    Formation of Greek city-states

    Formation of Greek city-states
    The formation of Greek city states began with the Mycenaean civilization. By 500 BC, many more civilizations would later form around the area in Greece. These city states are later going to be relevant to the Persian Wars because most city states choose either the Persian or Greek side in the war.
  • 776 BCE

    The first Olympic game

    The first Olympic game
    Although the ancient Games were staged in Olympia, Greece, from 776 BC through 393 AD, it took 1503 years for the Olympics to return.
  • 750 BCE

    greek alphabet

    greek alphabet
    Most specialists believe that the Phoenician alphabet was adopted for Greek during the early 8th century BC, perhaps in Euboea. The earliest known fragmentary Greek inscriptions date from this time, 770–750 BC, and they match Phoenician letter forms of c. 800–750 BC.
  • 725 BCE

    Greeks create a strong water based military

    Greeks create a strong water based military
    Greece was a water based civilization. This geography caused the Greeks to learn to live off of the water. They created a strong navy and became good fighters at sea. During the Persian War this skill will help them defeat the Persians.
  • 725 BCE

    Sparta creates a military centered city state

    Sparta creates a military centered city state
    The Spartan city state in ancient Greece had always strongly emphasized military. Everyone in Sparta was put through military school, and everything in Sparta was determined by military state. This devotion to a strong military would later aid them in the Pelopennisian and Persian wars.
  • 650 BCE

    The Rise of the Greek Tyrants

    The Rise of the Greek Tyrants
    The Tyrants were the oppressive rulers in Greece. The most popular tyrannies were those founded by Orthagoras at Sicyon and Cypselus at Corinth in about 650 bc. The most famous tyrants of Asiatic Greece was Thrasybulus of Miletus.
  • 621 BCE

    Draco’s Code of Law

    Draco’s Code of Law
    The laws of Athens had previously been a set of oral laws. Draco introduced a new set of harsher laws which were written down for all to read. For many crimes the punishment was death.
  • 600 BCE

    Coin Currency introduced

    Coin Currency introduced
    The first known coins were introduced in either Ionia in Asia Minor or Lydia at some time before 600 BC. The Greeks wanted to have payments that were authenticated. These coins were made of an alloy of gold and silver known as electrum. It was present in abundance and was highly priced.
  • 490 BCE

    Battle of Marathon

    Battle of Marathon
    The Battle of Marathon took place in 490 BC, during the first Persian invasion of Greece. It was fought between the citizens of Athens, aided by Plataea, and a Persian force commanded by Datis and Artaphernes. The battle was the culmination of the first attempt by Persia, under King Darius I, to subjugate Greece.
  • 480 BCE

    Battle of Thermopylae

    Battle of Thermopylae
    The Battle of Thermopylae was fought between an alliance of Greek city-states, led by King Leonidas of Sparta, and the Persian Empire of Xerxes I over the course of three days, during the second Persian invasion of Greece.
  • 480 BCE

    Battle of Salamis

    Battle of Salamis
    The Battle of Salamis was a naval battle fought between an alliance of Greek city-states under Themistocles and the Persian Empire under King Xerxes in 480 BC which resulted in a decisive victory for the outnumbered Greeks.
  • 480 BCE

    Battle of Himera

    Battle of Himera
    The Battle of Himera (480 BC), supposedly fought on the same day as the more famous Battle of Salamis, or at the same time as the Battle of Thermopylae, saw the Greek forces of Gelon, King of Syracuse
  • 449 BCE

    Greco-Persian Wars

    Greco-Persian Wars
    The Greco-Persian Wars were a series of conflicts between the Achaemenid Empire and Greek city-states that started in 499 BC and lasted until 449 BC.
  • 445 BCE

    Age of Pericles

    Age of Pericles
    Pericles was a great orator, and this quality of his brought him tremendous success in the Assembly. He introduced several reforms, among which the entry of thetes was allowed in public office.
  • 432 BCE

    Parthenon completed

    Parthenon completed
    The Parthenon was completed. The temple was built in Athens to house a statue of Goddess Athena so that she could watch over the city.
  • 431 BCE

    Peloponnesian War

    Peloponnesian War
    The Peloponnesian War was an ancient Greek war fought by the Delian League led by Athens against the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta. Historians have traditionally divided the war into three phases
  • 430 BCE

    Bubonic Plague in Athens

    Bubonic Plague in Athens
    The horrible Plague of Athens was an epidemic which wrecked every corner of the Athens in ancient Greece. It is said to have entered through city’s port and the only source of food and supplies; Piraeus.
  • 338 BCE

    League of Corinth

    League of Corinth
    The League of Corinth, a federation of Greek states, was founded by Philip II to boost support against Persia.
  • 336 BCE

    Alexander the Great came into power

    Alexander the Great came into power
    Alexander III of Macedon, widely known as Alexander the Great, was the son of King Philip II of Macedon. He became king after his father’s death in 336 BCE. Under his kingship, he took on to conquer almost the whole world known during his days.
  • 334 BCE

    Alexander defeats Persia and Egypt

    Alexander defeats Persia and Egypt
    Alexander the Great was the son of Phillip II, and student of the philosopher, Aristotle. Alexander was a strong military leader and ruthless politician. He used his ruling power to invade Persia and Egypt, taking their land for his empire. Alexander was very successful in explanding the Macedonian empire and culture. Eventually the basis of hellenism will come from Alexander's conquests.
  • 146 BCE

    Battle of Corinth

    Battle of Corinth
    The Battle of Corinth was a battle fought between the Roman Republic and the Greek city-state of Corinth and its allies in the Achaean League in 146 BC, which resulted in the complete and total destruction of Corinth. This battle marked the beginning of the period of Roman domination in Greek history.
  • 146 BCE

    Roman Empire

    Roman Empire
    The Romans defeated the Greeks at the Battle of Corinth and Greece became part of the Roman Empire
  • 146

    Invasion of Romans

    Invasion of Romans
    As the King Attalus III left all his territories to the Romans in his will, the Kingdom of Pergamon fell into the Roman hands during 133 BC. Finding it hard to take claim over the same revolts took place, and it was decided that Pergamon was to be divided among Rome, Pontus, and Cappadocia.
  • Mycenaean Greece

    Mycenaean Greece
    Bronze Age Greece was inhabited by the Mycenaean people. They took their name from the capital city of their land, Mycenae.
  • Greek war of independence

    Greek war of independence
    The Greek War of Independence, also known as the Greek Revolution, was a successful war of independence waged by Greek revolutionaries against the Ottoman Empire between 1821 and 1830
  • Greco-Turkish War

    Greco-Turkish War
    The Greco-Turkish War of 1919–1922 was fought between Greece and the Turkish National Movement during the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire after World War I between May 1919 and October 1922.