Ancient Rome

  • 100

    Rome is founded

    753 BC
    The most common understanding of the foundation of Rome comes from the story of Romulus and Remus, twin brothers. They had gained control over the large area; however Romulus killed Remus after an argument. Romulus took total control over the area and called it Rome.
  • 101

    Roman government reformation

    12 tables 509 BC
    The Romans expelled the Etruscans, who had been ruling Rome as a monarchy for the past 244 years. They then established an oligarthic republic, meaning power by few. A constitution was established and a Senate was founded. The Romans had observed the governements of surrounding civilizations to see what works best. They used this knowledge to create a law code known as The Twelve Tables.
  • 102

    Third Punic War

    Third Punic War
    Rome149-146 BC
    After two long wars against Carthage, a city in the western Mediteranian founded by Phoenician colonists, Rome completley destroyed Carthage once and for all. The Romans were eager to seige Carthage so they wouldn't have to worry about potential wars in the future. The majority of Cathiniagins were then sold into slavery.
  • 103

    Tiberius is elected

    133 BC
    Tiberius Gracchus, a Roman politician, is elected to the tribune and attempts to reform the Roman government. Tiberius encouraged the redistribution of land to veteran soldiers, and reducing slave labor. The wealthy members of society were enraged, leading riots against Tiberius. In 132 BC, a group of senate members clubbed Tiberius to death.
  • 104

    Gaius is elected

    123 BC
    Gaius Gracchus, brother of Tiberius, was a prominent member on the Roman Land Commission. Gaius was elected on the tribune. He quickly gained support for his ideas of helping the urban poor, Italian allies, and the middle class. He organized several public works programs, and introduced a fixed monthly grain allowance.
  • 105

    Gauius dies

    121 BC
    After serving three years on the tribune, Gaius' supporters were hunted and killed by the Senate. Gaius is believed to have commited suicide before being found. Gaius' reforms resulted in an uprising of Italian allies who later attempted to overthrow Roman rule.
  • 106

    Pompey Elected

    Pompey Elected
    70 BC
    Pompey won election to the tribune. During his rule, Pompey successfully eliminated piracy in the Mediterranean. He was fullly supported by the Roman Senate, who later allowed him to have full comand over the Roman territory in Asia.
  • 107

    Caesar elected

    69 BC
    Julius Caeser was elected to the tribune. Caeser is known for financing the production of elaborate entertainment venues, which pleased the Senate. As a result of Caeser's constructions, he was in major debt to his friend, Crassus.
  • 110

    Caeser's death

    44 BC
    After enacting many reforms within the Roman Republic, Caeser was named dictator for life. Caeser was killed only two months later. Brutus and Cassius, two close friends of Caeser, felt that he must be killed because his ruling would lead the Roman Empire to disaster.
  • 111

    The Second Triumverate

    43 BC
    Octavian, a close relative to Julias Caeser, convinced Antony, Caeser's lieutenant, to form the Second Triumverate. Antony married Octavia, Octavian's sister, to untite the two families. They decided to split the Roman empire in two. Octavian had control over the west, while Antony controlled the east.
  • 112

    Antony and Cleopatra commit suicide

    31 BC
    Antony was a member of the second triumverate, regining over the eastern provinces of Rome. He left his wife, Octavia, the sister of his dear friend Octavian, for Cleopatra. As a result, Octavian and Antony engaged in war. After Octavian was victorious, Antony and Cleopatra fled to Egypt and commited suicide.
  • 113

    Creation of Constantinople

    Creation of Constantinople
    Christianity330 AD
    Constntine, a Roman Emperor, founded the city of Constantinople and made it the new capitol of the Roman Empire. Constantine later legalized Christianity throught Rome.
  • 114

    Roman Empire falls

    Roman Empire falls
    Rome falls
    476 BC
    The Roman Empire fell for a variety of reasons. In 284 AD, Theodocius split the Roman Empire in two. German colonies began invading in 375 AD, causing internal conflict. There was also a very corrupt government. In addition, the Roman Empire was simply growing too large to control.
  • First Triumverate

    First Triumverate
    60 BC
    Pompey, Caeser, and Crassus form the First Triumverate. All three men were able to help each other in some way. Pompey, was unliked by the Senate, who revoked their promise to distribute land to Pompey's soldiers. Caeser was able to help Pompey's sticky situation with the Senate because he was very well liked by the Senate. In return, Pompey introduced a tax system in his Asian territory, which was used to pay off Caeser's loans to Crassus.
  • First Triumverate splits

    56 BC
    Crassus is given a leadership position in Asia. Caeser is asked to serve a five year term as the commander of forces in Gual where he died in battle. Pompey became the dominant figure in Roman politics. Later, Caeser refused to return home, causing a major conflict between Pompey and Caeser. Pompey ultimately lost the battle and was killed.