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Ancient Civilizations of the Old World "Early Civilizations"

  • 8000 BCE

    Stone Age "Paleolithic Era" "Neolithic Era"

    Stone Age "Paleolithic Era" "Neolithic Era"
  • Period: 8000 BCE to 2000 BCE

    Stone Age "Paleolithic Era" "Neolithic Era"

    Prehistory to Civilization
  • 3200 BCE

    Rise of Proto-Elamite Civilization in Iran

    Rise of Proto-Elamite Civilization in Iran
  • 3100 BCE

    First dynasty of Egypt

    First dynasty of Egypt
  • 2700 BCE

    The Old Kingdom begins in Egypt

    The Old Kingdom begins in Egypt
  • 2000 BCE

    "Copper Age" Bronze Age

    "Copper Age" Bronze Age
    Copper Age The period is divided into three phases: Early Bronze Age (2000–1500 BC), Middle Bronze Age (1500–1200 BC), and Late Bronze Age (1200 – c. 500 BC).
    The Bronze Age begins around 2300
  • 1200 BCE

    Iron Age 1200 BC to 600 BC

    Iron Age 1200 BC to 600 BC
    The Iron Age is an archaeological era.The start of the Iron Age proper is considered by many to fall between around 1200 BC and 600 BC, depending on the region.
  • 1100 BCE

    The Dark Ages

    The Dark Ages
    The Dark Ages 1100 BC - 750 BC
  • 800 BCE

    Rise of Greek city-states

    Rise of Greek city-states
  • 753 BCE

    Founding of Rome

    Founding of Rome
  • 750 BCE

    Rise of City-States: Athens and Sparta

    Rise of City-States: Athens and Sparta
    Greece's mountainous terrain led to the development of the polis (city-state), beginning about 750 B.C.E.
    "The Acropolis played an integral role in Athenian life. This hilltop not only housed the famous Parthenon, but it also included temples, theaters, and other public buildings that enhanced Athenian culture."
  • 728 BCE

    Rise of the Median Empire

    Rise of the Median Empire
  • 653 BCE

    Rise of Persian Empire

    Rise of Persian Empire
  • 653 BCE

    Rise of Persian Empire

    Rise of Persian Empire
  • 612 BCE

    "Neo-Babylonian" or Chaldean Empire

    "Neo-Babylonian" or Chaldean Empire
    around 612- 539 bce
  • 605 BCE

    Peisistratus

    Peisistratus
    about 605-527 bce
  • 551 BCE

    Rise and military campaigns; "Median Empire"

    Rise and military campaigns; "Median Empire"
    Cyrus the Great in battle at the Palace of Versailles
  • 550 BCE

    Foundation of the Persian Empire by Cyrus the Great.

    Foundation of the Persian Empire by Cyrus the Great.
  • 544 BCE

    Rise of Magadha as the dominant power under Bimbisara

  • 539 BCE

    The Fall of the Babylonian Empire and liberation of the Jews by Cyrus the Great

  • 539 BCE

    Fall of Babylon to Persian king Cyrus the Great in 539 BCE,

    Fall of Babylon to Persian king Cyrus the Great in 539 BCE,
    After the fall of Babylon to the Persian king Cyrus the Great in 539 BCE, exiled Judeans were permitted to return to Judah
  • 530 BCE

    Burial "Tomb of Cyrus"

    Burial "Tomb of Cyrus"
    Burial "Tomb of Cyrus" Tomb of Cyrus in Pasargadae, Iran,
    Cyrus the Great's remains were interred in his capital city of Pasargadae, where today a limestone tomb (built around 540–530 BC) it still exists
  • 529 BCE

    Death of Cyrus

    Death of Cyrus
    The Last Conquests and Death of Cyrus the Great
    Queen Tomyris being presented the head of Cyrus the Great
  • 499 BCE

    Peloponnesian War "431-404 bce"

    Peloponnesian War "431-404 bce"
    In 499 BCE lonian Greeks of Asia Minor rebel against Persians
    The Peloponnesian War of ancient Greek war fought by the Delian League led by Athens against Peloponnesian League led by Sparta. The war wäs divided into three phases. In the first phase, the Archidamian War,
  • 421 BCE

    Peloponnesian War Peace Treaty "421bce"

    Peloponnesian War Peace Treaty "421bce"
  • 146 BCE

    Roman conquest of Greece

    Roman conquest of Greece
  • 80 BCE

    The city of Florence is founded.

    The city of Florence is founded.
  • 59 BCE

    Emperor Julius Caesar founded Florentia around 59 BC,

    Emperor Julius Caesar founded Florentia around 59 BC,
    Julius Caesar | The Roman Republic
  • 49 BCE

    Roman Civil War between Julius Caesar and Pompey the Great.

  • 49 BCE

    The Great Roman Civil War (49–45 BC), also known as Caesar's Civil War

    The Great Roman Civil War (49–45 BC), also known as Caesar's Civil War
    Caesar's Civil War
  • 47 BCE

    Caesar's War in Pontus ( 47 B. C. E.)

    Caesar's War in Pontus ( 47 B. C. E.)
    ROMAN CIVIL WAR of 43-31 B. C. E
  • 44 BCE

    Julius Caesar murdered by Marcus Brutus and others; End of Roman Republic; beginning of Roman Empire.

  • 40 BCE

    Roman conquest of Egypt.

    Roman conquest of Egypt.
    The Roman Conquest of Egypt
    Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire in 30 BC
    With the defeat of Mark Antony and the death of Queen Cleopatra in 30 BC, the Roman general Octavian took possession of Egypt
  • 30 BCE

    Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire in 30 BC

    Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire in 30 BC
  • 27 BCE

    Formation of Roman Empire: Octavius is given titles of Princeps and Augustus by Roman Senate - beginning of Pax Romana. Formation of influential Praetorian Guard to provide security to Emperor

  • 70

    Roman conquest and destruction of Jerusalem, 70 AD

    Roman conquest and destruction of Jerusalem, 70 AD