History of Northern Ireland

  • 432

    Saints and Scolars

    Saint Patrick converts Ireland from Pagan Celtic to Christianity
  • Apr 23, 1014

    The Battle of Clontarf

    Remembered as the greatest battle of the old times.
  • May 5, 1169

    The Norman Conquest

    Normans, Welshmen and Flemings invaded Ireland to colonise unconquered land.
  • Flight of the Earls

    The Catholic Irish aristocracy flee Ireland because they were unwilling to accept sovereignty of protestant English Queen
  • The Curse of Cromwell

    Cromwell entered Ireland with 3000 troops, he was a fanatic protestant, who wanted no quater for the Irishmen who had massacred English and Scottish settlers
  • The Battle of the Boyne

    The protestant William III of orange victory over catholic James II at the River Boyne, and Ireland becomes protestant
  • the Sixth of George I

    A Westminster act gave the British parliament the right to pass laws for Ireland
  • The 1798 Rebellion

    The Irish Catholics try to create a revolution, but they do not succeed very well
  • Catholic Emancipation

    In the early nineteenth century Daniel O'Connell and members of parliament tried to end laws that were discriminating to catholics.
    The turning point came in 1823, when Daniel O'Connell founded the Catholic Association and by pursuing peaceful methods, and by mobilising Catholic smallholders and workers in mass demonstrations
  • The Great Famine

    A great famine in Ireland lastet for two years and caused many crops to rot in the ground, so harvest failed. That caused to import food from America.
  • The Fenian movement

    A small group of young catholic irishmen tried to launch an uprising to get new politics through in Ireland, but they were ill-prepared, and the uprising was quickly ended.
  • Home rule

    William Ewart Gladstone became British prime minister, he wanted to pacify Ireland, so now England had control over Ireland
    During the Home Rule, the strongest oppenents were the protestants of Ulster, they formed a large majority in the north, but a minority in the intire Ireland. They had rebellions throughout the rule.
  • Anglo-Irish War/ War of Independence

  • Ireland becomes a full republic

    But the 6 northern districts are still part of englang
  • Irish Republican Army (IRA) starts campaign of violence with aim of uniting Ireland

  • British troops sent to Northern Ireland

  • Good Friday Agreement

    with commitment of both Republicans and Unionists in Northern Ireland to end violence and share power