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History of Civil and Human Rights in Argentina

  • Independence

    Argentina declared its independece from Spain.
  • Republicism

    Argentina becomes a republic after adopting a constitution.
  • Breaking Diplomatic Relations

    1944 - Argentina breaks diplomatic relations with Japan and Germany and declares war on them in 1945.
  • Joining the UN

    Argentina enters World War 2 on the side of the allies and becomes a founding member of the United Nations.
  • Election

    Peron wins elections for the presidency. He had promised workers higher wages and social security. His wife, Eva Peron - 'Evita' - is put in charge of labour relations.
  • The Raid for Peace (Malón de la Paz)

    The Raid for Peace  (Malón de la Paz)
    Indian Laboroers were being discriminated against. They had their land stolen from them, and were treated as slaves. they walked to Bueano aires to protest.
  • New Constitution

    A new constitution strengthens the power of the president. Congress - dominated by Peron's supporters - passes legislation providing jail terms for anyone showing disrespect for the government. Regime opponents are subsequently imprisoned, independent newspapers are suppressed.
  • Seperation of Church and State

    Parliment agreed to the seperation of church and state, but in order to be President or Vice President you still have to be Roman Catholic.
  • President Hector Campora

    President Hector Campora
    The Peronist party wins elections in March. Hector Campora is inaugurated president. Argentina is wracked by terrorist violence. Peron returns to Buenos Aires in June. Campora resigns and Peron becomes president in September.
  • Junta overthrows Government

    Junta Take control of government and rule with a military force.
  • Dirty War

    Dirty War
    A military junta under General Jorge Videla seizes power. Parliament is dissolved. Opponents of the regime and even innocent civilians are kidnapped at night and takedn to secure government buildings were they are tourtured then killed it is known as the 'Dirty War'. It was a Massive Genocied even babies were targeted. Nearly 30,000 people were killed. They were either shot and put in a mass grave of thrown alive from airplanes in to the Alantic Ocean.
  • Nuclear Weapon

    Argentina creates a Nuclear Weapon.
  • Civilian rule

    Argentina returns to civilian rule. Raul Alfonsin becomes president. Argentina begins to investigate the 'Dirty War' and charge former military leaders with human rights abuses.
  • Lifted Bann on Political party

    You can now chose to be in whatever political party you wished. The major parties are Judical, Radical Civic Union, Socialist Party, Republican Proposal, and Civic Coalition
  • Rights for Women

    Argentina raitifed the Convention for the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.
  • Women Rights

    Women Rights
    Argentina ratified the Convention for the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.
  • Divorice is leagalized

    Argentina legalizes divorce. It is no long illegal to file for a divorce.
  • Children Rights

    Children Rights
    Argentina ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. It was put in the Constitution in 1994.
  • Revisal to Constitution

    Modified the changed constitution of 1972 made more fair electios, and included a Bill of rigths that delt with political,land and enviornment issues. It includes the right to change their government peacefully,criminal penalties for official corruption, freedom of speech press, and assembly. Freedom of religion,and the freedom to travel.
  • Women Rights

    Arentina ratified the Inter-American Convention on Prevention, Punishment, and Eradication of Violence against Women.
  • Women and Children Rights

    Argentina put the Natiional Plan of Action Against the Commercial Sexual Explotation of Children into action.
  • Children Rights

    Argentina had established the National Commission for the Elimination of Child Labor.
  • Election

    Nestor Kirchner was elected to a 4 year term of office and in 2007 decided not to try for re-election.
  • Children and Adolecent Rights

    A national law was created in order to protect children and adolecents called the Integral Protection of Children and Adolecents.
  • Election

    Cristina Fernández de Kirchner is the first woman to be elected president in Argentina’s history. She succeeded her husband, Nestor Kirchner, She was the First Women elected President in Argentina which was a big step for women.
  • Rights for Disabled People

    The National Advisory Committee for the Intergration of People with Disabilities made it so people couldn't be discriminated anymore due to a disability, and busses, schools, and buisnesses needed to be handicapped accessible.
  • Minimum Working Age

    Congress passed a law that raised the minimum age to work from 14 to 15.
  • Juvinile Rights

    Case went to sepreme court of Argentina debating what the legal age should be for a juvinile to be persecuted and put in jail when they have conflict with the law. It was decided that minors age 16 to 18 the same procedural rights as adults and limits sentences to 180 days in prison.
  • Gay and Lesbian Rights

    Gay and Lesbian Rights
    The National Social Security Administration granted widowed homosexual partners the right to inherit their partners pension
  • Gay Mariages

    Argintina first in region allowed the right for Gays to wed.
  • Election

    Cristina Fernández de Kirchner won re-election in a landslide.