Seat BeltsFirst introduced by Edward J. Claghorn on 10th February 1885.
Wearing a seat belt doubles your chances of surviving a serious crash.
In the event of a crash, seat belts are designed to keep you inside the vehicle. They also reduce the risk that you will collide with the steering wheel, dashboard, or windshield.
Antilock-Braking-Systems (ABS)Although ABS brakes were originally made for aircraft by Gabriel Voisin in 1929, they were first used in cars in 1960s.
Anti-lock braking system prevents your car’s brakes from “locking up” and skidding.
Therefore accidents caused this by are reduced because the driver has more control over the car at any stage.
Padded DashboardIn 1947, Tucker Torpedo became the first car with a padded dashboard. Padded dashboards are used to reduce injury this is because as your head hits a hard object and stops your brain in side keeps moving and impacts with the inside of your skull, anything that slows down this deceleration will help to save your brain and also your skull, even a little padding can mean the difference between life and death.
Air BagsThe Air bags minimize the damage done to the driver and passengers in situations such as car crashes and other collisions. A flexible envelop inflates as a vehicle collide with something cushioning the occupant’s body and not letting them collide with other parts of the vehicle such as dashboard and steering wheel.
Electronic-Stability-Control (ESC)Electronic stability control systems consist of a number of sensors that compare a driver’s input with the way a vehicle is actually moving. If an ESC system determines that a vehicle is not responding correctly to the steering input, it is capable of taking corrective measures. Individual brake calipers can be activated to correct oversteer or understeer, the engine output can be modulated, and other actions can be taken to help the driver retain control.