• Jan 1, 1350

    Italian Renaissance Begins

    Italian Renaissance Begins
    It started in Italy and spread through Europe. Leonardo DaVinci was famous during this period.
  • Jan 1, 1404

    Christine de Pizan wrote The Book of the City of Ladies

    She was a famous french writer. In her book she denounced male writers who said that women were not able to learn.
  • Jan 1, 1434

    Cosimo de Medici takes conrol

    Cosimo de Medici takes conrol
    They were very wealthy and controlled Italy. The citizens of Italy thought they were corrupt.
  • Jan 1, 1447

    Francesco became new Duke

    He used mercenaries. He also created a good tax system.
  • Oct 1, 1492

    Christoper Columbus reached America

    Christoper Columbus reached America
    Columbus had four voyages. The trip was financed by Queen Isabella.
  • May 1, 1493

    Vasco de Gama sailed to India

    Vasco de Gama sailed to India
    He traveled around the Cape of Good Hope and across the Indian ocean and landed in India. He collected spices to bring back to Portugal. The Portuguese later went back and stole the spice trade from the Muslims.
  • Jan 1, 1494

    Treaty of Tordesillas was signed

    It divided the new land by east and west. West of the line went to Spain and East of the line was controlled by Portugal. Spain had the right to all of the Americas.
  • Oct 31, 1517

    Martin Luther wrote Ninety-five Theses

    Martin Luther wrote Ninety-five Theses
    He believed that they could not reach salvation. His attacked the sale of indulgences.
  • Jan 1, 1518

    Spanish ship carried the first enslaved Africans

    The travel led through the Middle Passage. Many of the slaves died on the trip. There was a lot of money to be made by the slaves. They were used in the triangular trade.
  • Jan 1, 1519

    Spanish forces landed in Gulf of Mexico

    They brought horses and weapons from Spain. They were under the command of Henry Cortez.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1519 to Jan 1, 1556

    Charles V Reign

    He wanted to keep a Catholic Empire. He had a rivalry with the King of France. They were fighting over territories and it started a war that lasted 20 years.
  • Jan 1, 1520

    Portugal fleets began to explore African coast

    Prince Henry the Navigator funded his exploring. He found gold there. They called it "The Gold Coast".
  • Oct 1, 1520

    Ferdinand Magellan sailed to Pacific Ocean

    He was the first person to sail all the way around the world. He was killed in the Philippines by the natives.
  • Jan 1, 1526

    King Alfonzo writes letter to Portugal

    King Alfonzo writes letter to Portugal
    He was a King in Africa that wrote a letter to Portugal to ask for help with the issues of slave trade. The slave trade was decreasing his population. As slaves became more popular they were being taken from different areas of Africa.
  • Dec 1, 1530

    Francisco Pizarro landed in South America

    He brought with him horses and weapons. The Incas had never had these things. Many diseases all so came with them. Small pox was one of these diseases. Many of the Incas died because they had no immunity.
  • Oct 1, 1531

    War Starts between Protestants and Catholics in Switzerland

    Ulrich Zwingli was killed and cut up in pieces. John Calvin became the new leader.
  • Jan 1, 1533

    Anne was crowned Queen of England

    Anne was crowned Queen of England
    She was the mother of Queen Elizabeth I. King Henry VIII had his marriage annulled and then married Anne hoping he would have a son.
  • Jan 1, 1536

    Calvin published Institute of the Christian Religion

    Calvin published Institute of the Christian Religion
    The is about Protestant Beliefs. Calvin became an important religious leader.
  • Jan 1, 1553

    Mary takes the Throne

    Mary takes the Throne
    She wanted to restore Catholicism in England. She is called "Bloody Mary'" be cause she had the Protestants burned.
  • Jan 1, 1555

    Peace of Augsburg

    Peace of Augsburg
    This excepted the division of Christianity in Germany. People were able to choose their religion.
  • Period: Jan 16, 1556 to

    Philip II Reign

    He was the son of King Charles V. He was strict about being Catholic and was called "The Most Catholic King".
  • May 9, 1572

    Henry the Navarre was became King

    Henry the Navarre was became King
    He was the leader for the Huguenots. He converted to being a Catholic instead of Protestant so he would be excepted as a leader.
  • Aug 23, 1572

    St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre

    St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre
    This was an attack against the Huguenots. The massacre lasted a few weeks and killed thousands of people.
  • Spanish Armada

    Spanish Armada
    The Spanish ships were defeated by the English. England remained Protestant and was a world power.
  • Edict of Nantes was Created

    It was issued by Henry IV. It recognized Catholicism the official religion of France.
  • Charles I becomes King

    He believed in the divine right of kings. He did not want Parliament to have any power.
  • Roundheads Vs Cavaliers

    Roundheads Vs Cavaliers
    Cavaliers supported the Kings and Roundheads supported Parliament. Oliver Cromwell was the leader of the Roundheads. After defeating the Cavaliers he had Charles I executed.
  • English took over the colony of New Netherlands

    The take over cause the Dutch to go bankrupt. The changed the name of the colony to New York.
  • Glorious Revolution

    Glorious Revolution
    The monarchy had been restored. William and Mary took over the throne.
  • Bill of Rights

    Helped created a system of government with laws. Kings could not do things without Parliament being involved.