Indian Ocean Timeline

  • Period: 90,000 BCE to


    Migration from Africa to southeast Asia and towards India.
  • 75,000 BCE

    Volcano Eruption

    Mt. Toba super-eruption in Sumartra causes wide-spread death from falling ash.
  • Period: 60,000 BCE to 40,000 BCE

    Humans cross from southeast Asia

    Humans cross from southeast Asia into the Sahul.
  • Period: 3500 BCE to 1100 BCE


    Development of bronze leads to the bronze age.
  • 3030 BCE

    Earliest writing

    Earliest writing systems around the world developed in Mesopotamia, Egypt, Indus Valley, and China.
  • Period: 2469 BCE to 2150 BCE

    Building the pyramids

    The building of the great pyramid of Giza and Saqqura built during the old period kingdom in Egypt
  • Period: 550 BCE to 330 BCE

    Indian ocean trade

    Indian Ocean trade included the Achaemenid Empire in Persia
  • Period: 33 to 476

    Roman Empire trade

    nd the Roman Empire (33 BCE–476 CE) in the Mediterranean
  • 165

    The Antonine Plague

    The Antonine Plague of 165 to 180 AD
  • Period: 320 to 550

    Chandra Gupta

    Establishes Gupta Empire in India that exist till 550 CE.
  • 500

    Trade route through Straits of Malacca

    This trade route linked Indian ocean with the South China Sea
  • 700


    The spread of Islam
  • 990

    Chinese invention of the compass

    First mention of the Chinese compass.
  • 1368

    Ming Dynasty

    Ming Dynasty established with overthrow of the Mongols.