History 1900-2000

  • Balfour Declaration issued by Great Britain

    This expressed support for a Jewish state, and led the League of Nations to later entrust Great Britain with the Palenstine Mandate.
  • British Mandate for Palestine

    The British used a League of Nations mandate to rule the area and restrict Jewish immigration
  • German Immigration

    Between 1933 and 1939, over 200,000 Jews immigrated to Palestine. German jews were heavily represented due to Hitler's reign in Germany at the time.
  • Holocaust

    Between 1939 and 1945, 6 million Jews were killed in the Holocaust.
  • United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine

    This created a future government plan for Palestine. The United Nations planned to create independent Arab and Jewish states after the British mandate ended.
  • Independence

    On May 14th, 1948, Israel declared Independence. This day is still "Independence Day" in Israel.
  • Arab Defeat

    As soon as Israel declared independence in 1948, it was attacked by the neighboring countries of Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, and Iraq. The Arab forces were defeated in 1949.
  • Immigration

    A large number of European Jews immigrated to Israel from 1949-to 1953. The increased immigration allowed the economy to flourish.
  • Attack in the Sinai Desert

    In 1956, control of the Suez Canal was shifted from France and Great Britain to Egypt. Israel feared tat this new territory would increase Egypt's power, and staged an attack in The Sinai Desert in Egypt. France and Britain joined Israel's defense.
  • United Nations Peacekeepers

    United Nations' peacekeepers were placed in Israel from 1956-1967.
  • Six Day War

    After the United Nations' peacekeepers left, Egypt's military went back into the Sinai desert. This blocked the Israeli port of Eilat. In resonse, Israel attacked Egypt along with its allies Syria, Jordan, and Iraq. Israel defeated those four countries in six days, and won territory: The Gaza Strip, Sinai,the West Bank, all of Jerusalem and the Golan Heights.
  • Munich Olympics

    Israeli athletes were killed by Arab terrorist groups at the 1972 Munich olympics.
  • Yom Kippur War

    Yom Kippur is the holliest day of the year for Jewish people. On Yom Kippur of 1973, Israel had a suprise attack from Egypt and Syria at the Golan Heights. Israel defeated the two armies after a 20-day war.
  • Peace treaty

    In result of the growing tensions between Egypt and Israel, Egyptian president Anwar Sadat traveled to Jerusalem to talk with the Israeli prime minister of the time, Menachem Begin. US president Jimmy Carter assisted in developing the Camp David Accords, which was the first peace treaty between Israel and Egypt. Sadat and Begin won the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts, and the official peace treaty was signed in 1979.
  • Intifadah

    Palestine uprised in an event known as the Intifadah. Palestinians threw rocks at Israeli soldiers at the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. Violence continued to increase, and ultimately hundreds were killed.
  • Peace Initiative

    In 1989, Israel proposed a peace initiative in response to the Intifadah.
  • Immigration of Soviet Jews

    In 1989, many Soviet Jews immigrated to Israel.
  • Peace Talks

    Representatives from Israel and the Palestinian Liberation Organization went to Madrid in October 1991 to talk peace. They ultimately agreed to give the Palestinians the Gaza Strip and Jericho.
  • More Peace Talks

    Israelis and Palestines met again and compromised more. Israel gave the Palestinian National Authority parts of the West Bank and the majority of the Gaza Strip.
  • Peace Agreement with Jordan

    Israel signed a peace agreement with Jordan in 1994.
  • Prime Minister Assassinated

    The Israelie prime minister of the time, Yitzhak Rabin, was killed at a Tel Aviv peace rally. He was suprisingly killed by an extremely conservative Jew who did not agree with Rabin's position towards Palestinian interaction.
  • Conference in Maryland

    The Palestinian Liberation Organization agreed to get rid of its terrorist groups, confiscate illegal weapons, and imprison their own terrorists at a conference held in Maryland. In exchange, they recieved additional land on the West Bank. A US-Palestinian-Israeli committee was also established at this conference. This committee's purpose was to meet several times a month in attempt to prevent terrorism and assess the state of affairs.
  • More Violence

    More violence occured in 2000, and more than 280 people were killed in two months.