Grand Ayatollah Sayyed Ruhollah Musavi Khomeini

  • Ruhollah Khomeini Born

    Ruhollah Khomeini Born
  • His father was murdered.

  • Ayatollah's mother and aunt die

    Ayatollah's mother and aunt died
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    Khomeini moves to Arak and commences his studies.

    Khomeini moved to Arak and commenced his studies.The following year, Ayatollah Haeri Yazdi transferred to the Islamic seminary at the holy city of Qom, southwest of Tehran, and invited his students to follow.
  • Reza Shah Pahlavi takes over Iran

    Reza Shah Pahlavi, with the support of Russian government overthrew Iran’s first constitutional government in 1921. Like many Iranians, the interference of foreign actors in Iran also infuriated Khomeini.
  • Reza Shah Pahlavi was succeeded by his son Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi.

    In 1941, Reza Shah Pahlavi was succeeded by his son Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi. He continued the task of promoting secularism and modern ideas.
  • Ayatollah Khomeini launched a campaign against Emperor Shah

    Ayatollah Khomeini launched a campaign against Emperor Shah
  • The Shah announces the "White Revolution"

    The Shah announces the "White Revolution"
    In January 1963, the Shah announced the "White Revolution", a six-point program. Ayatollah Khomeini then summoned a meeting of the other senior marjas of Qom and persuaded them to decree a boycott of the referendum on the White Revolution. Khomeini issued a strongly worded declaration denouncing the Shah and his plans.
  • Khomeini was arrested.

    Two days after this public denunciation of the Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Khomeini was arrested. This sparked three days of major riots throughout Iran and led to the deaths of some 400.
  • Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini arrested for the first time

    Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, a religious leader, is exiled to Turkey after his arrest for speaking out against the shah's relationship with the United States
  • Khomeini denounces both the Shah and the United States.

    This time it was in response to the "capitulations" or diplomatic immunity granted by the Shah to American military personnel in Iran
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    Life in exile

    Khomeini spent more than 14 years in exile, mostly in the holy Shia city of Najaf, Iraq. Khomeini had refused to return to Iran until the Shah left. On 17 January 1979, the Shah did leave the country (ostensibly "on vacation"), never to return.
  • Ruhollah khomeini Named Man of the Year

    Ruhollah khomeini Named Man of the Year
    He was named Man of the Year in 1979 by American newsmagazine TIME for his international influence and has been described as the "virtual face of Islam in Western popular culture.
  • Provisional government formed, Ayatollah refused to accept

  • Iran hostage crisis.

    Iran hostage crisis.
    Islamist students calling themselves Muslim Student Followers of the Imam's Line, took control of the American Embassy in Tehran, holding 52 embassy staff hostage for 444 days
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    Iran-Iraq War

    A combination of fierce resistance by Iranians and military incompetence by Iraqi forces soon stalled the Iraqi advance and, by early 1982, Iran regained almost all of the territory lost to the invasion. The invasion rallied Iranians behind the new regime, enhancing Khomeini's stature and allowing him to consolidate and stabilize his leadership. After this reversal, Khomeini refused an Iraqi offer of a truce, instead demanding reparation and the toppling of Saddam Hussein from power
  • Ruhollah Khomeini Died

    Ruhollah Khomeini Died