A former catholic priest who changed the face of theology and started the Protestant Reformation.
Dec 31, 1452
Gutenberg printing press
Johannes Gutenberg creates his printing press in Mainz which introduces wide spread written media into German culture.
Apr 23, 1516
Reinheitsgebot (German Beer Purity Law)
This stated that the only thing that could be put into beer was water, barely and hops.
Oct 31, 1517
Luther's 95 Theses
Martin Luther presents his 95 Theses that oppose certain practices of the Catholic church, which started the protestant movement.
Life of Johann Sebations Bach
Famous German composer. Became Cantor of the Thomasschule at St. Thomas Church in Leipzig,
Life of Immanuel Kant
Famous German Philosopher who wrote Critique of Reason and other works.
Life of Goethe
The famous writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe lived during this time.
Life of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Famous Classical Austrian composer
Life of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
German Idealist Philosopher known for Absolute Idealism.
"Die Leden des jungen Werthers" is published
Goethe's novel, became a best seller world wide.
Emperor Wilhelm I of Germany
Also King of Prussia
These wars raveged on through out Europe and had an impact on Germany especially when Napoleon's troops marched through the lands on his way to Russia.
Goethe writes Faust Part One
Blutsrecht principle begins in Barvaria
This principle would effect German citizenship.
It means "law of blood" and effects whether a person is considered German
Clara Schumann's life
famous German pianist and composer of the Romanic Era
Goethe wrote Faust Part Two
The Unification Period
(not exact dates)
German Parliament formed
Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany
Also King of Prussia.
Grandson of Wilhelm I.
Imperial Germany makes democratic change
-Reichstag and Bundesrat
The Nation State Period
Otto von Bismarck was Chancellor of the Reich
Definition of Citizenship
Acquired through decent.
Ethnic comparision instead of soil.
Excluded Austria's German speakers but included Polish speakers in Prussia.
Each state would treat a person moving from another state as their own citizen.
Life of Adolf Hilter
Life of the ruler of the Third Reich started in Austria-Hungary and ended by suicide in is bunker in Berlin.
German Chemist finds chemical for aspirin
Chemist Dr. Felix Hoffmann discovered acetylsalicyclic acid
Life of Bertolt Brecht
Poety of the post-expressionist era.
His first collection of poetry was Die Hauspostille, and the type was "gebrachslyrik" which was "useful poetry". Published 1927.
His later poetry became more political and "learning poem" focused.
Die Brücke-- the Bridge art movement founded
Group of expressionists that located in Dresden. Wanted to "bridge" the past to the present with the classical style with more modern expression.
Der Blaue Reiter
Movement leading up to expressionism in German art featuring a blue horse with a matching rider.
Social Democrats in national elections
They were the largest party in the Reichstag and won 84.5%. (Date 12/31 just added to mark time, not actual date)
Autrian Crown Prince and wife Sophie assassinated
Assassination by a Serbian group called "The Black Hand"
WWI- Christmas truce
On the western front there was a Christmas truce between the Germans and the allied British and French where they exchanged gifts, buried the dead, and sang Christmas carols.
increased education for women, and many women becoming workers in the professions.