Genocide in the 20th Century

  • Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

    Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
    The assassination of Franz Ferdinand (who was the Archduke of Austria-Hungary) had created conflict between Austria-Hungary and Serbia, Austria-Hungary had blamed Serbia for the death (because the assassin was Serbian), thus the allies system took it’s place and had created a war.
  • Austria-Hungary Declares War on Serbia

    Austria-Hungary Declares War on Serbia
    The allies system took it’s place, and so the Great War was created,
  • Britain Declares War on Germany

    Britain Declares War on Germany
    Because Canada was a part of the Biritsh nation, they had joined Britain in the War.
  • Internment of Ukrainians/War Measures Act

    Internment of Ukrainians/War Measures Act
    9000 Immigrants-most of them were recent immigrants- and nearly 5000 immigrants that were from Ukraine were rounded up and taken to twenty-four remote Internment Camps.
  • The First Use of Chlorine Gas

    The First Use of Chlorine Gas
    The Germans had 5730 cylinders of chlorine gas placed to the front of the line. The Gas was released on April 22, 1915.
  • Armenian Genocide

    Armenian Genocide
    It had started with 300 Armenian political leaders, educators, writers, and so on... being taken from their homes, briefly being jailed and tortured, and then being hung or shot, to1 500 000 Armenians being killed by the Turks
  • Casualty of 16.5 Million People

    Casualty of 16.5 Million People
    They Allies had won the first World War, but by the end of the first World War, there was approximately 16.5 million deaths.
  • The Spanish Flu

    The Spanish Flu
    It had first affected the people in Fort Funston, Kansas, and had made it's way into the military. Between 20-40 million people had died from it. It had ended in December, 1918. It temporarily came back in March 1919, but people were more prepared the second time.
  • Winnipeg General Strike

    Winnipeg General Strike
    It had first started from the employees that worked for the Electrical Workers. They did not like the offer that was given to them once their proposal to increase the work wage was denied. 30 000 Men and Women that had left their workforces.
  • Bloody Sunday

    Bloody Sunday
    On June 21, a protest to release the 10 leaders had been created. The Mounted Police were called out when the protest had not been cleared. Many people were either killed or wounded, thus leading to June 21, 1919 to be called Bloody Saturday.
  • The Great Depression

    The Great Depression
    Germany was imposed harsh conditions from the Treaty of Versailles so that Germany would not be on the rise. A loaf of bread costed 2 marks in 1918, but by the end of the war, when Germany's currency had increased, a loaf of bread would cost about six million marks. Britain's merchant fleets had droped 40% due to the submarines being destroyed by German
  • Black Tuesday

    Black Tuesday
    People had invested in stock markets because they believed that it would bring instant cash, but had lost everything in the process, growing in debt. It had taken place in America and North America.
  • Statute of Westminster

    Statute of Westminster
    This statute had clarified that, not only did Canada self-govern itself and have its own laws, but Britain can no longer make laws for Canada.
  • Stalin's Forced Famine

    Stalin's Forced Famine
    Joseph Stalin-leader of the Soviet Union- had devised a plan in which would cause a famine in the Ukraine and to extinguish the people who had sought independence from his rule. Approx. 7 000 000 people had been killed. They were deprived of food, most of which they had grown themselves.
  • The Rise of Adolf Hitler

    The Rise of Adolf Hitler
    He was appointed Chancellor.
  • First Concentration Camp Opens

    First Concentration Camp opens in Oranienburg, outside Berlin
  • Beginning of the Holocaust

    Beginning of the Holocaust
    The persecution of German Jews begun in 1933. At first, Jewish citizens were removed from jobs in government, teaching and the media. They were banned from entering many shops and public sports grounds. Afterwards, many Jews were taken to concentration camps, and the neighbours that would speak of the Jews were subject to violence.
  • Adolf Hitler/Rise of Nazi Germany

    Adolf Hitler/Rise of Nazi Germany
    Soon after he had been elected, he had disbanded the Reichstag (German Parliament). This marked the end of German Democratic republic and the start of the Nazi "Reich".
  • The Rape of Nanking

    The Rape of Nanking
    Citywide burnings, stabbings, drownings, strangulations, rapes, thefts, and massive property destruction created by the Japanese had taken place throughout the city of Nanking. This genocide had lasted 6 weeks. Approx. 300 000 people had died.
  • Night of Broken Glass/Kristallnacht

    Night of Broken Glass/Kristallnacht
    On the night of November 10, 1938, Jewish synagogues and businesses in Germany were ransacked and looted with the support of the German Police. The day after, twenty thousand Jews were arrested and sent to concentration camps at Dachau and Buchenwald in Germany.
  • SS. St. Louis

    SS. St. Louis
    It was a ship in which 937 Jews refugees were board and taken away to Cuba due to the the horror of Kristallnacht. Because of the invasion of Europe (by the Germans), former St. Louis passangers were found under the rules of the Nazis. Many of them had not made it through the Holocaust.
  • Death Marches

    Death Marches
    The SS had created death marches for surviving concentration camp members.
  • End of Holocaust

    End of Holocaust
    The Nazi were defeated by Russia and the U.S (the Allies). Prisoners in the camps were being relieved by the Allies in 1944-1945. There was approximately 6 000 000 deaths. It was said that a genocide as such would never occur again in the future.
  • The Death of Adolf Hitler

    The Death of Adolf Hitler
    Hitler had commited suicide.
  • Cambodia Gains Independence

    Cambodia Gains Independence
    Cambodia had finally gained independence from France (ruled by a royal monarchy)
  • Pol Pot Becomes Leader...

    Pol Pot Becomes Leader...
    Pol Pot had become the leader of the Cambodian Communist Party.
  • Rwanada Gains Independence

    Rwanada Gains Independence
    Rwanda gets its independence from Belgium, although the Hutus had seized control due to their large minority (90% of Rwandans were Hutus, while the rest were Tutsis). Tutsis were exposed to days of torture, and so the approx. 200 000 Tutsis had fled to neighbouring countries where they had formed a rebel guerrilla army.
  • Genocide in Bangladesh

    Genocide in Bangladesh
    The genocide was caused because of an attempt of gaining independence for East Pakistan, and so the military regime had unleashed a systematic campaign which had targeted Bengalis. The plan had followed through, killing 1 000 000 people.
  • Cambodia Genocide

    Cambodia Genocide
    The Khmer Rouge army (made up of teenage farmer revolutionaries) had seized control of Cambodia. Pol Pot had a notion that the society should be “purified”, and so capitalism, western culture, city life, religion, and all foreign influences were to be eliminated. The result of this event had taken 2 000 000 lives.
  • Vietnam invades Cambodia

    Vietnam invades Cambodia
    The sought to end Khmer Rouge border attacks.
  • Pol Pot was Deposed

    Pol Pot was Deposed
    Phnom Penh had ended, and Pol Pot was deposed. The Vietnamese then created a government consisting of Khmer Rouge defectors.
  • Slobodan Milosevic

    Slobodan Milosevic
    He was a former Communist and had relied on nationalism and hatred towards religion to gain power.
  • Rebel Army Invades Rwanada

    Rebel Army Invades Rwanada
    The army had invaded Rwanada and had forced Juvenal Habyalimana (a Hutu President) to sign an accord which had stated that the Hutus and the Tutsis would share power. This even had caused large tension between the two opposing groups.
  • Slovenia and Croatia Declare for Their Independence

    Slovenia and Croatia Declare for Their Independence
    Slovenia and Croatia had declared their independence from Yugoslavia. This had soon resulted in a civil war
  • Serbian Invasion

    Serbian Invasion
    After Slovenia had withdrawn the war after 10 days, Milosevic had lost his “interest”. He had his forces invade the Serbian minority to “protect” them. They had bombed and outgunned Croats for 86 days. Hundreds of Croat men were killed and buried in mass graves.
  • Bosnia-Herzegovina

    A conflict had been created between the Serbs, Croats, and Muslims in 1992, resulting in a creation of genocide by the Serbs against the Muslims in Bosnia. There was a casualty of 200 000 people. This Genocide had ended on November 1, 1995
  • Assassination of Melchior Ndadaye

    Assassination of Melchior Ndadaye
    Melchior Ndadaye was the elected the Hutu president of Burundi. This assassination had created great tension between the Hutus and the Tutsis, and it was also marked the beginning of war and genocide.
  • Rwandan Genocide

    Rwandan Genocide
    The Hutus had targeted innocent Tutsis, clubbing and hacking them to death. The Hutus had killed any Tutties they found on the streets, and along the way, they had recruited new soldiers, some including children. 800 000 people had died due to this genocide.
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    Genocide in the 20th Century