Canada is named from the Native Algonquin word for village "Kanata"
The name Canada originated around 1535 from the Saint-Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata meaning "village", "settlement",or "land".
Europeans introduce diseases to Native peoples to which they have no resistance; half of the Huron die.
During the six years between 1634 and 1640, smallpox swept the Huron Indian Nations. By 1639, the Huron population was reduced to less than half of its original population.
Royal Proclamation. The relations between aborignal peoples government is established: land is set aside for Native people and the government has exclusive right to negotiate treaties.
Bison herds on the prairies have been so decimated by european demand; the natural materials Natives depended on are no longer available
First Nations have no choice but to begin to purchase mass-produced items such as copper kettles and steel utensils. Many Metis leave manitoba and migrate to the Northwest.
Treaty #1 southern Manitoba
Treaty 1 is an agreement established August 3, 1871 between Queen Victoria and First Nations in South Eastern Manitoba including the Chippewa and Swampy Cree tribes.
Treaty #6 central Alberta & Saskatchewan
The Confederacy of Treaty Six First Nations was created in the Spring of 1993.The negotiation of this treaty took place during a difficult period for the Plains Cree, who were suffering from the rapid decline of the buffalo.
Treaty #7 southern alberta
Residential Schools established
Beginning in the 1870s, the federal government worked to convince Aboriginals that they needed schools to become productive members of Canadian society. They are the root cause of many social problems in Aboriginal communities today.
Treaty #8 northern Alberta
On June 21, 1899, the eighth treaty between the First Nations of North America and the Queen of England was signed. The signatories of Treaty 8 agreed to its terms for reasons of peace and friendship.It's home to 39 First Nation communities.
Alberta & Saskatachewan become part of Canada
The Indian Act is revised to limit coverage of Native people, excluding Native women who married non- Native men (rescinded in 1985)
The Canada Act, repatriating the constitution and providing a Charter of rights and Freedoms, is enacted.
The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms came into force on April 17, 1982.
Indian Act amended to allow First Nations women the right to keep or regain their status even after "marrying out".
Before 1985 many Band membership provisions in the Act caused alot of suffering among Indian women who had married non-Indians. First Nations women who married non-Indians lost their status as Indians, but non-First Nations women who married First Nations men were given Indian status. The government of Canada assumed the right to assign racial status by deciding who was or was not an Indian.
The last federally run Residential School closes.
Indian Act amended to allow band members living off reserve to vote in band elections and referendums.