The West Timeline

  • Bureau of Indian Affairs

    Bureau of Indian Affairs
    An agency of the federal government of the United States within the U.S. Department of the Interior.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    Congress passed this law when Andrew Jackson was president, that would have the Indian tribes moved to land west of the Mississippi in exchange for their homelands.
  • Comstock Lode

    Comstock Lode
    The richest silver deposit found in America. Found in Nevada by two brothers, Evan and Hosea Grosh.
  • Red Cloud's War

    Red Cloud's War
    Armed conflicts between the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Northern Arapaho in Wyoming and Montana territories.
  • Homestead Act

    Homestead Act
    Gave 160 ancres of land to any citizen that had ever fought for the Americas.
  • Cheyenne Uprising

    Cheyenne Uprising
    The land the government gave to the Cheyenne Indians was poor. They faced starvation and began to attack wagon trains and steal food.
  • Bear River Massacre

    Bear River Massacre
    The United States army attacked Shoshone Indians gathered at the Bear River.
  • Sand Creek Massacre

    Sand Creek Massacre
    An armed force led by Colonel Chivington attacked the Black Kettle's Cheyenne Indians at Sand Creek because of previous attacks on Americans.
  • Period: to

    Cattle Drives

    Cowboys herded and moved cattle from one place to another.
  • Fetterman Massacre

    Fetterman Massacre
    Also known as the Battle of the Hundred Slain, was a battle during the Red Cloud's war, between the Lokoto, Cheyenne, and Arapaho Indians and soldiers of the United States army.
  • Fort Laramie Treaty

    Fort Laramie Treaty
    The treaty was to bring peace between the whites and Sioux, as long as the Sioux would move to the Black Hills reservation.
  • The Completion of the Transcontinental Railroad

    The Completion of the Transcontinental Railroad
    A golden spike was driven in at Promontory, Utah as a symbol of the completion of the railroad.
  • Indian Appropriation Acts

    Indian Appropriation Acts
    Ends the treatment of Indians as sovereign nations. Also a step towards the end of the tribal structure of Native Americans.
  • Camp Grant, AZ Apache Massacre

    Camp Grant, AZ Apache Massacre
    8 men and 110 women and children were kiled within 30 minutes. 28 Arivaipa Apache papoose were captured for child slave trade.
  • The Lakota War

    The Lakota War
    A series of battles between the Sioux and Americans over land.
  • Little Crow's War

    Little Crow's War
    The Sioux people led by Little Crow, fought for food because they were suffering from starvation.
  • Battle of Little Bighorn

    Battle of Little Bighorn
    "Custer's Last Stand" battle between the U.S. Cavalry and the Cheyenne, Sioux, and Arapaho Indians.
  • Capture of Nez Perce

    Capture of Nez Perce
    The U.S. wanted to fight to capture the Nez Perce Indians.
  • Desert Land Act

    Desert Land Act
    To promote the development of land in the West. People would get 640 for 25 cents per ancre as long as they promiced to irrigate the land in the next 3 years.
  • Pratt Boarding School

    Pratt Boarding School
    An army officer, Richard H. Pratt, opened a boarding school for Indians to teach them the American culture.
  • "A Century of Dishonor" by Helen Hunt Jackson

    "A Century of Dishonor" by Helen Hunt Jackson
    She showed all the unfair inequalities towards the Native Americans.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
    Prohibited all of the immigration of Chinese labor workers.
  • Bill Cody's "Wild West Show"

    Bill Cody's "Wild West Show"
    A show about life in the West.
  • Capture of Geronimo

    Capture of Geronimo
    After 30 years of fightng to protect his land he surrenders himself to the U.S. government troops.
  • Edmunds - Tucker Act

    Edmunds - Tucker Act
    Act that restricted some of the practices of the Church of Jesus.
  • Dawes Act

    Dawes Act
    This act authorized the president of the United States to survey American Indian tribal land and divide it into allotements for individual Indians.
  • Wounded Knee Massacre

    Wounded Knee Massacre
    Soldiers fire at a group of Sioux at the Pine Ridge reservation in Wounded Knee Creek.
  • Forest Reserve Act

    Forest Reserve Act
    Allowed the president to set aside forest reserves from public land.
  • Turner Thesis

    Turner Thesis
    Argument made by Frederick Jackson Turner that started the American democracy was formed by the American frontier.
  • Carey Act

    Carey Act
    This act allowed private companies to use irrigation systems in the west and make profit from the sale of water.