The West Timeline By akurtz17 Jan 1, 1824 Bureau of Indian Affairs An agency of the federal government of the United States within the U.S. Department of the Interior. May 28, 1830 Indian Removal Act Congress passed this law when Andrew Jackson was president, that would have the Indian tribes moved to land west of the Mississippi in exchange for their homelands. Jan 1, 1857 Comstock Lode The richest silver deposit found in America. Found in Nevada by two brothers, Evan and Hosea Grosh. Jan 1, 1860 Red Cloud's War Armed conflicts between the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Northern Arapaho in Wyoming and Montana territories. Jan 1, 1862 Homestead Act Gave 160 ancres of land to any citizen that had ever fought for the Americas. Jan 1, 1863 Cheyenne Uprising The land the government gave to the Cheyenne Indians was poor. They faced starvation and began to attack wagon trains and steal food. Jan 29, 1863 Bear River Massacre The United States army attacked Shoshone Indians gathered at the Bear River. Nov 29, 1864 Sand Creek Massacre An armed force led by Colonel Chivington attacked the Black Kettle's Cheyenne Indians at Sand Creek because of previous attacks on Americans. Period: Jan 1, 1866 to Jan 1, 1886 Cattle Drives Cowboys herded and moved cattle from one place to another. Dec 21, 1866 Fetterman Massacre Also known as the Battle of the Hundred Slain, was a battle during the Red Cloud's war, between the Lokoto, Cheyenne, and Arapaho Indians and soldiers of the United States army. Apr 29, 1868 Fort Laramie Treaty The treaty was to bring peace between the whites and Sioux, as long as the Sioux would move to the Black Hills reservation. May 10, 1869 The Completion of the Transcontinental Railroad A golden spike was driven in at Promontory, Utah as a symbol of the completion of the railroad. Jan 1, 1871 Indian Appropriation Acts Ends the treatment of Indians as sovereign nations. Also a step towards the end of the tribal structure of Native Americans. Apr 30, 1871 Camp Grant, AZ Apache Massacre 8 men and 110 women and children were kiled within 30 minutes. 28 Arivaipa Apache papoose were captured for child slave trade. Jan 1, 1876 The Lakota War A series of battles between the Sioux and Americans over land. Jan 1, 1876 Little Crow's War The Sioux people led by Little Crow, fought for food because they were suffering from starvation. Jun 25, 1876 Battle of Little Bighorn "Custer's Last Stand" battle between the U.S. Cavalry and the Cheyenne, Sioux, and Arapaho Indians. Jan 1, 1877 Capture of Nez Perce The U.S. wanted to fight to capture the Nez Perce Indians. Mar 3, 1877 Desert Land Act To promote the development of land in the West. People would get 640 for 25 cents per ancre as long as they promiced to irrigate the land in the next 3 years. Jan 1, 1879 Pratt Boarding School An army officer, Richard H. Pratt, opened a boarding school for Indians to teach them the American culture. Jan 1, 1881 "A Century of Dishonor" by Helen Hunt Jackson She showed all the unfair inequalities towards the Native Americans. May 6, 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act Prohibited all of the immigration of Chinese labor workers. May 19, 1883 Bill Cody's "Wild West Show" A show about life in the West. Sep 4, 1886 Capture of Geronimo After 30 years of fightng to protect his land he surrenders himself to the U.S. government troops. Jan 1, 1887 Edmunds - Tucker Act Act that restricted some of the practices of the Church of Jesus. Feb 8, 1887 Dawes Act This act authorized the president of the United States to survey American Indian tribal land and divide it into allotements for individual Indians. Dec 29, 1890 Wounded Knee Massacre Soldiers fire at a group of Sioux at the Pine Ridge reservation in Wounded Knee Creek. Jan 1, 1891 Forest Reserve Act Allowed the president to set aside forest reserves from public land. Jan 1, 1893 Turner Thesis Argument made by Frederick Jackson Turner that started the American democracy was formed by the American frontier. Aug 18, 1894 Carey Act This act allowed private companies to use irrigation systems in the west and make profit from the sale of water.