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Native American History

  • Oct 12, 1492

    Columbus DIscovers the New World

    When his three ships arrived, they were greeted by the natives and baring welcoming gifts. Columubs figures they would be easily enslaved and conflict ensues. http://www.legendsofamerica.com/na-timeline.html
  • Jan 1, 1519

    The Aztecs Are Conquered

    The Aztecs Are Conquered
    Cortes and his conquistadors ally with certain native groups against the Aztec empire. Native South Americans are soon conquered and enslaved. http://www.legendsofamerica.com/na-timeline.html
  • Nov 20, 1552

    The Spanish Are Criticized

    The Spanish Are Criticized
    The Catholic priest Bartolome de Las Casas criticizes the Spanish's treatment of Indians. He then fights to abolish the slavery of natives, which is eventually accepted as law in 1542. He goes on to write a book on the atrocites that is published in 1552. http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1120.html
  • The Founding of Jamestown

    Within a year of being founded, the European population in Jamestown was reduced from 100 to 32 through disease, starvation, and conflict with the natives. Reluctantly, the nearby tribe saves their lives with gifts of food. Their tribe is later exterminated. http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/imperialism/notes/nativeamericanchron.html
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    King Philip's War

    Tension between groups results in a war between Native Americans and English colonists. Over 600 colonists and 3,000 Indians are killed. The war ended when the chief Metacomet (nicknamed King Philip) is killed. http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/imperialism/notes/nativeamericanchron.html
  • Bacon's Rebellion

    Bacon's Rebellion
    In the midst of King Philip's War, the colony of Jamestown had been raided many times. In responce, Nathaniel Bacon and other colonists wished to attack the natives, which they were denied. Residents then burned the town and hunted the Indians until October http://www.legendsofamerica.com/na-timeline.html
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    The French and Indian War

    The French and the British feud over land in America. Both sides take up Native American allies, but the British win my tactics and sheer number. http://www.legendsofamerica.com/na-timeline.html
  • The Proclamation of 1763

    The Proclamation of 1763
    King George III signs a document prohibiting any English settlement beyond the Appalachian, in hope of easing relations with the Native Americans. http://www.legendsofamerica.com/na-timeline.html
  • Pontiac's Rebellion

    Pontiac's Rebellion
    Upset by British policies, Chief Pontiac unofficially declared war on the British. His forces swept the area razing several British forts, but were stopped upon reaching Pittsburg. http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/imperialism/notes/nativeamericanchron.html
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    The Revolutionary War ends, immediately cutting all ties between British and the Indians. All native held land east of the Mississippi is forfeited to the US. http://www.shmoop.com/native-american-history/timeline.html
  • Treaty of Greenville

    Treaty of Greenville
    This event brought an end to an unofficial multi-tribal war that had been going on for 15 years. In return the Indians were promised a permanant boundry between native and American territory. http://www.legendsofamerica.com/na-timeline2.html
  • Louisiana Purchace

    Louisiana Purchace
    A vast amount of territory is purchased by the United States, stretching from the Gulf of Mexico to Canada. http://www.legendsofamerica.com/na-timeline2.html
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    Lewis and Clark

    Louis and Clark chart out western territory guided by the Shoshone Indian, Sacagawea.
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    Tecumseh and The Prophet

    Two brothers set out to help their fellow native people. One started a town known as Prophetstown. The other banded together several Indian tribes in order to hold Ohio Creek as a permanant boundry between their land and the US. After conflict with US troops and the Battle of Tippicanoe, Prophetstown fell and the confederacy was scattered. http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/imperialism/notes/nativeamericanchron.html
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    The Creek War

    Andrew Jackson grew tired of Creek resistance. The armies of the Creek nation and the US clashed, ending in favor of the US. Over two-thirds of the Native American's land was given up to the US. http://www.legendsofamerica.com/na-timeline2.html
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    President Andrew Jackson was given the okay to negotiate with Native American tribes for the remainder of their land in the west. They were promised federally designated property to continue their lives in. http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/imperialism/notes/nativeamericanchron.html
  • Worcester v. Georgia

    Worcester v. Georgia
    Worcester was doing missionary work in Cherokee territory, when he was arrested. He later sued the state of Georgia saying that they had no authority over him in this territory. His case is approved under the terms that this was a seperate nation, subject only to the federal government. http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/imperialism/notes/nativeamericanchron.html
  • The Trail of Tears

    The Trail of Tears
    The US army forces over 14,000 Native Americans from their homes in the southeast and into Oklahoma. http://www.legendsofamerica.com/na-timeline3.html
  • The Oregon Trail

    People begin to move westward through the Great Plains. http://www.legendsofamerica.com/na-timeline3.html
  • The Gold Rush Begins

    The Gold Rush Begins
    James Marshall discovers gold in California, bring masses of miners west to seek their fortune.
  • Homestead Act

    Homestead Act
    The passage of the Homestead act finally claims all remaining Indian owned territories. This bill gave anyone over the age of 21 the right to purchase land in this area. http://www.legendsofamerica.com/na-timeline3.html
  • Sand Creek Massacre

    Sand Creek Massacre
    In response to the murder of one white man and two little girls, Colonel John Chivington set out on a hunt for nearby Native Americans. He and his soldiers killed almost 200 natives, most being women and children. http://www.legendsofamerica.com/na-timeline3.html
  • Diminished Buffalo Population

    Diminished Buffalo Population
    Due to men killing buffalo en masse for sport and hide, the population was reduced to critical numbers. This not only endangered the species but left many Native American tribes with no reliable source of food. http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/imperialism/notes/nativeamericanchron.html
  • Gold in the Black Hills

    Gold in the Black Hills
    When gold was discovered in the Black Hills, a sacred area to the Lakota Indians, miners rushed to the scene. The government breaks a previous treaty and protects the miners. http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/imperialism/notes/nativeamericanchron.html
  • Battle of Little Bighorn

    Two Indian chiefs, Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse, amass an army of several thousand to attack Little Bighorn. General Custer and his men fight back, and all but 40 soldiers die. http://www.legendsofamerica.com/na-timeline4.html
  • Nez Perce War

    The US army follows up on a string of American deaths said to be commited by the Nez Perce. To avoid a battle that would end in encampment or death, about 800 Nez Perce flee north. They are captured at the Canadian border and sent to Oklahoma. http://www.legendsofamerica.com/na-timeline4.html