The Wild West of America

  • Bureau of Indian Affairs

    Bureau of Indian Affairs
    The United States has relations with the American Indian nations. The contracts or treaties involved center around their rights, benefits, and conditions.
  • Indian Removal Act

    This was passed by US Congress while Andrew Jackson was president. This associatd with Indian ribes in southern America for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi river instead of living in the ancestory homelands.
  • Indian Appropriations Act

    Indian Appropriations Act
    These were several acts made by US Congress. They revolved around where Indins shall move, their benefits, and rules.
  • Comstock Lode

    Comstock Lode
    The Comstock Lode is a lode of silver ore located under the eastern slope of Mount Davidson, a peak in Virginia Range in Nevada (then western Utah Territory). It was the first major discovery of silver ore in the US.
  • Billy the Kid

    Billy the Kid
    William H. Bonney better known as Billy the Kid and also known as William Antrim, was a 19th-century gunman who participated in the Lincoln County War and became a frontier outlaw in the American Old West. Supposedly, he killed twenty-one men, but it is generally believed that he killed eight. He killed his first man on August 17, 1877, around 17 years old.
  • Battle of Apache Pass

    Battle of Apache Pass
    The Battle of Apache Pass was fought at Apache Pass, Arizona, in the United States, between Apache warriors and the Union volunteers of the California Column as it marched from California to capture Confederate Arizona and to reinforce New Mexico's Union army. It was one of the biggest battles between the Americans and the Chiricahua during the Apache Wars
  • Homestead Act

    Homestead Act
    Anyone who never took arms against US Government, 21 older, head of family could file an application to get a federal land grant. They could own it, and was called a homestead.
  • Cheyenne Uprising

    Cheyenne Uprising
    Let by Black Kettle, the Indians were starving and had infertile, low quality land. Black Kettle had little control over his warriors. During this time Black Kettle led his men out of Sand Creek reservation, his men were starving so attacked settlers, such as mining camps.
  • Besr River Massacre

    Besr River Massacre
    The Bear River Massacre, or the Battle of Bear River and the Massacre at Boa Ogoi, took place in present-day Idaho. The United States Army attacked Shoshone gathered at the confluence of the Bear River and Beaver Creek in what was then southeastern Washington Territory.
  • Sand Creek Massacre

    Sand Creek Massacre
    Atrocity in the American Indian Wars when a 700 men force of Colorado Territory militia attacked and destroyed the peaceful village of Cheyenne and Arapaho in southeastern Colorado. They killed and mutalited about 70 to 163 Indians.
  • Red Cloud's War

    Red Cloud's War
    Red Cloud's War was an armed conflict between the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Northern Arapaho on one side and the United States in Wyoming and Montana territories. The war was fought over control of the Powder River Country in north-central Wyoming.
  • Cattle Drives

    Cattle Drives
    Cattle drives were a major economic activity in the American west, when 20 million cattle were herded from Texas to railheads in Kansas for shipments to stockyards in Chicago and points east. The long distances covered, the need for periodic rests by riders and animals, and the making of railheads led to the development of "cow towns" across the American West.
  • Fetterman Massacre

    Fetterman Massacre
    Known also as the Fetterman Fight or Battle of the Hundred Slain. Battle between Red Cloud's War the Lakota, Cheyenne, and Arapaho. 81 men were killed by Indians. 4 miles north of Fort Phil Kearny.
  • Fort Laramie Treaty

    Fort Laramie Treaty
    In the spring of 1868 a conference was held at Fort aramie in Wyoming that made a treaty with the Sioux. It was to bring peace between the Sioux and white people dealing with settlement in Black Hills.
  • Completion of Trans Continental Railroad

    Completion of Trans Continental Railroad
    Six years after the railroad began constructing, at Promontory Summit in Utah, the Last Spike was hit. This connected the last rails of the railroad. His name was Leland Sanford, and created a huge media event, the telegraph said, DONE.
  • Camp Grant Massacre

    Camp Grant Massacre
    This was an attack on the Pinal and Aravaipa Apaches who surrendered to the United States Army at Camp Grant in Arizona along San Pedro River. This continnued for 4 years.
  • Buffalo Bill's "Wild West Show"

    Buffalo Bill's "Wild West Show"
    William Cody travelled to Chicago to begin in his stage career. The first and most famous show was "The Scouts of the Prairie. Bill Cody formed an attraction to many people called Buffalo Bill's Wild West. He was a scout, bison hunter and showman.
  • The Lakota War

    The Lakota War
    Also known as "The Great Sioux War of 1876" or the Black Hills War. This was a series of battles and negotiations which happened between 1876 and 1877 with the Lakota Sioux and Northern Cheyenne against the United States. At Montana, Dakota and Wyoming territoy. The gold rush caused settlers to invade tribes lands.
  • Battle of Little Bighorn

    Battle of Little Bighorn
    Armed battle between forces of Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho tribes against the 7th Calvalry Regiment of America. This was an incredible victory for the tribes, killing more than 250 of Custer's men. Little Bighorn River, Montana
  • Desert Land Act

    Desert Land Act
    The Desert Land Act was passed by the United States Congress to encourage and promote the economic development of the arid and semiarid public lands of the Western states. It allowed people to claim this land, to cultivate and irrigate.
  • Capture of Nez Perce

    Capture of Nez Perce
    Armed battle between the Nez Perce Tribe and their allies against the US army. This formed due to several bands of the Nez not giving up their ancestoral land. They soon surrendered and were taken to prisoners to reservations.
  • Pratt Boarding School

    Pratt Boarding School
    Richard Henry Pratt created boarding school called Charlisle School for the Indians. He wanted them to be taught how to reject tribal culture and be more into the white culture.
  • A Century if Dishonor by Helen Hunt Jackson

    A Century if Dishonor by Helen Hunt Jackson
    A Century of Dishonor is a non-fiction book by Helen Hunt Jackson published in 1881 that told the experiences of Native Americans in the United States, focusing on injustices.
  • Capture of Geronimo

    Capture of Geronimo
    Geronimo finally surrendered to General Miles at Skeleton Canyon, Arizona. He surrendered to be a prisoner of war.
  • Dawes Act

    Dawes Act
    This act authorized the President of the U.S. to divide American Indian tribal land into allotments for individual Indians. They were moved to reservations, so their land was to be claimed.
  • Wounded Knee Massacre

    Wounded Knee Massacre
    Happened near Wounded Knee Creek and started with the tribes being disarmed. An accidental shot over a rifle and then resulted in the cavalry firing and killing men, women, and children. At Wounded Knee Creek
  • Forest Reserve Act

    Forest Reserve Act
    This was a law that allowed the US President to have forest reserves set aside. Up to 13 milion acres were left for reserves even 25 million by various presidents.
  • Turner Thesis

    Turner Thesis
    Also called the Frontier Thesis, was an argument stressed on pioneers and the frontier line. Frederick Jasckson Turner made this thesis, went to UW. It stated that the frontier made the American Democracy.
  • Carey Act

    Carey Act
    The Carey Act (also known as the Federal Desert Land Act) allowed private companies in the U.S. to erect irrigation systems in the western semi-arid states, and profit from the sales of water.
  • Little Crow's War

    Little Crow's War
    Also known as Lakota War of 1862, 500 Dakota broke into food warehouses at the Lower Agency. The tribes were angry at the whites and starving.